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Title:

Reading Nonfiction

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What effect does the author's role have? ... Definition of differentia. How is the author comparing? By simile. By metaphor. By analogy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reading Nonfiction


1
Reading Nonfiction
2
The Authors Roles
  • What is the authors role?
  • First person
  • Third person
  • What effect does the authors role have?
  • First person Authorizing a thesis via personal
    experience.
  • Third person Authorizing a thesis through a
    detached testimony.

3
Rhetorical Modes Essential Questions
  • What is the author arguing for or against?
  • What is the author defining? redefining?
  • What is the author comparing?
  • What is the author asserting about cause and
    effect?
  • Which testimony is the author using?
  • Appeal to authority?
  • Appeal to personal experience?

4
In what category is the author arguing?
  • Social
  • Psychological
  • Economic
  • Political
  • Historiographical
  • Philosophical
  • Religious
  • Legal
  • Scientific

5
How does the author define or redefine?
  • Definition by tradition or convention
  • Definition by example
  • Definition by negation
  • Definition by analogy or comparison
  • Definition by association (connotation)
  • Definition by classification
  • Definition of genus
  • Definition of differentia

6
How is the author comparing?
  • By simile
  • By metaphor
  • By analogy
  • By contrast
  • By degrees of similarity
  • By degrees of difference

7
How does the author argue from cause or effect?
  • From cause to effect
  • From effect to cause
  • From simple causation
  • From multiple causation
  • From cyclical causation
  • From a chain of causes and effects (where an
    effect may become a cause)

8
How does the author use testimony to make the
argument?
  • Argument from authority
  • Tradition (precedents)
  • Statistics (research)
  • Natural laws
  • Legislated laws
  • Argument from personal experience
  • Observation
  • first-person (the author may be involved)
  • third-person (the author may be detached)
  • Personal authority (ethos)
  • Personal emotions (pathos)
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