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REVIEW of the ANKLE and FOOT

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1st Cuneiform. 2nd Prox. Phalange. Distal Phalanges ... Intermediate (2nd) cuneiform. 3rd metatarsal. 4th proximal phalange. 2nd middle phalange ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: REVIEW of the ANKLE and FOOT


1
REVIEW of the ANKLE and FOOT
2
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Flexor digitorum longus
  • Actions
  • toe flexion
  • plantar flexion,
  • inversion of the foot

3
Name the three part of the stance phase
  • Heel-strike
  • Mid-stance
  • Toe-off

4
Calcaneus Talus Navicular 1st
Cuneiform 2nd Prox. Phalange Distal
Phalanges
Cuboid Metatarsals
5
  • What muscle is most closely associated with
    Anterior Compartment Syndrome?
  • Tibialis Anterior

6
Name the muscles and their actions
  • Extensor hallicus longus
  • Actions
  • Extension of big toe
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Inversion of the foot
  • Peroneous tertius
  • Action
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Eversion

7
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Tibialis anterior
  • Actions
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Inversion.

8
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Peroneus longus muscle
  • Actions
  • Eversion
  • Plantar flexion

9
Name the arch in the top picture and in the
bottom picture.
Lateral longitudinal arch
Medial longitudinal arch
10
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Flexor hallicus longus
  • Actions
  • Flexion of the big toe
  • Plantar flexion
  • Inversion

11
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Peroneus longus muscle
  • Actions
  • Eversion
  • Plantar flexion

12
  • Name the landmark

Lateral Malleolus
13
Name the ligament.
Deltoid Ligament
14
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Extensor digitorum longus
  • Actions
  • Toe extension
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Eversion

15
  1. Calcaneus
  2. Cuboid
  3. 5th metatarsal
  4. Phalange
  5. Lateral malleolus
  6. Tiba

16
Name the muscle its two actions
  • Gastrocnemius
  • Actions
  • plantar flexion
  • flexion of the knee

17
  • Name the arch
  • Transverse arch - anterior tarsal bones and the
    metatarsals.

5th metatarsal 1st metatarsal
18
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Tibialis posterior
  • Actions
  • plantar flexion
  • inversion of the foot

19
Name the actions
?
?
Inversion
Eversion
20
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Flexor digitorum longus
  • Actions
  • toe flexion
  • plantar flexion,
  • inversion of the foot

21
  • Name the action
  • Plantar flexion

22
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Peroneus brevis
  • Actions
  • Plantar flexion
  • Eversion

23
Dorsi Flexion
1. Name the action
2. Name the action
Plantar Flexion
24
1. Name the muscle and its actions
1
  • Plantaris
  • Action
  • plantar flexion

2
2. Name the muscle and its actions
  • Soleus
  • Action
  • plantar flexion

25
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Soleus
  • Action
  • plantar flexion

26
  • 6 is the?
  • Second Cuneiform
  • 7 is the?
  • Third Cuneiform
  • 8 is the?
  • First metatarsal
  • 9 is the?
  • Proximal phalange
  • 10 is the?
  • Middle phalange
  • 11 is the?
  • Distal phalange
  • 1 is the?
  • Calcaneous
  • 2 is the?
  • Talus
  • 3 is the?
  • Navicular
  • 4 is the?
  • Cuboid
  • 5 is the?
  • First Cuneiform

27
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Extensor hallicus longus
  • Actions
  • Extension of big toe
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Inversion of the foot

28
  • What muscle is most closely associated with
    Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome?
  • Tibalis Posterior.

29
  • Name the arch colored in red.
  • Lateral Longitudinal - calcaneous, cuboid, and
    4th and 5th metatarsals.
  • Name the arch colored in green
  • Medial Longitudinal - calcaneous, talus,
    navicular, 3 cuneifroms, 3 medial metatarsals

30
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Peroneus brevis
  • Actions
  • Plantar flexion
  • Eversion

31
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Tibialis anterior
  • Actions
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Inversion.

32
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Tibialis posterior
  • Actions
  • plantar flexion
  • inversion of the foot

33
  • What is Exertional Compartment Syndrome?
  • Excessive pressure inside one of the lower leg
    compartment.
  • 2. Why is it a serious injury?
  • The blood supply can be compromised.

34
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Flexor hallicus longus
  • Actions
  • Flexion of the big toe
  • Plantar flexion
  • Inversion

35
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Extensor digitorum longus
  • Actions
  • Toe extension
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Eversion

36
Name the three arches of the foot.
  • Medial longitudinal arch
  • Lateral longitudinal arch
  • Transverse arch

37
Name the muscle its two actions
  • Gastrocnemius
  • Actions
  • plantar flexion of the foot
  • flexion of the knee

38
  • Where is the plantar fascia found?
  • On the plantar surface of the foot running from
    the calcaneus to the metatarsals.
  • What is plantar fasciitis?
  • Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the plantar
    fascia.

39
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Tibialis posterior
  • Actions
  • plantar flexion
  • inversion of the foot

40
  • Name the landmark

Medial Malleolus
41
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Peroneous tertius
  • Action
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Eversion

42
  • Name the landmark

Medial Malleolus
43
Lateral Collateral Ligament
2
1
  • Anterior Talofibular
  • Posterior Talofibular
  • Calcanofibular

3
44
  • Name the landmark

Lateral Malleolus
45
  • What is turf toe
  • A sprain that occurs at the metatarsal
    phalangeal joint of the great toe.
  • What action is associated with truf toe?
  • Extension or hyperextion of the great toe.

46
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Peroneus longus muscle
  • Actions
  • Eversion
  • Plantar flexion

47
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Peroneous tertius
  • Action
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Eversion

48
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Flexor hallicus longus
  • Actions
  • Flexion of the big toe
  • Plantar flexion
  • Inversion

49
  • Name the action
  • Inversion

50
  • 1. Calcaneous
  • 2. Talus
  • 3. Navicular
  • 4. Cuboid
  • 5. First Cuneiform
  • 6.Second Cuneiform
  • 7.Third Cuneiform
  • 8. Third Metatarsal (and
  • Fifth Metatarsal)
  • Name them all

51
Name the landmark
Medial malleolus
52
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Plantaris
  • Action plantar flexion

53
  • Talus
  • Navicular
  • Cuboid
  • Intermediate (2nd) cuneiform
  • 3rd metatarsal
  • 4th proximal phalange
  • 2nd middle phalange
  • 1st distal phalange

54
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Extensor digitorum longus
  • Actions
  • Toe extension
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Eversion

55
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Posterior Talofibular
Anterior Talofibular
1
2
3
Calcanofibular
56
  • What do ankle sprains occur more to the lateral
    ligaments?
  • The medial malleolus is shorter than the lateral
    mallelous so greater inversion than eversion can
    occur
  • Of the lateral ligments, which ligament is
    sprained the most often?
  • The anterior talofibular
  • How are 1st, 2nd and 3rd degree different from
    each other?
  • 1st stretched, 2nd partial tear, and 3rd
    complete tear

57
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Flexor digitorum longus
  • Actions
  • toe flexion
  • plantar flexion,
  • inversion of the foot

58
Name the muscle its two actions
  • Gastrocnemius
  • Actions
  • plantar flexion
  • flexion of the knee

59
Name the ligament.
Deltoid Ligament
60
  • Middle phalange of the 3rd toe
  • Proximal phalange of the 1st toe
  • Distal phalange of the 5th toe
  • 2nd Metatarsal
  • 1st Cuniform
  • 2nd Cuniform
  • 3rd Cuniform
  • Navicular
  • Cubiod
  • Talus

61
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Extensor hallicus longus
  • Actions
  • Extension of big toe
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Inversion of the foot

62
Name the muscle and its actions
  • Tibialis anterior
  • Actions
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Inversion.
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