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BILINGUAL MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION

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Requires that teachers view children 'through a different lens. ... Children with Cochlear Implants. Education. Controversy over which bilingual approach is 'best. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BILINGUAL MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION


1
BILINGUAL MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
  • Kathee M. Christensen
  • Northern Illinois University
  • April, 2004

2
Linguistic Diversity in the U.S.
  • More than 325 languages used at home
  • 175 American Indian languages
  • Over 6 million children ages 5-17 speak languages
    other than English at home

3
Cultural Diversity
  • Exists at the national and local levels
  • Requires that teachers view children through a
    different lens.
  • Creates a win win situation in the classroom

4
Culture
  • An historically transmitted pattern of meanings
    embodied in symbols,
  • A system of inherited conceptions (used to)
    communicate, perpetuate, and develop knowledge
    about and attitudes toward life.
  • Geertz, 1973

5
  • Culture emerges through social interaction.
  • Typically, culture is shared by members of a
    family unit.
  • What might be some consequences when a child and
    parent do not share all aspects of their cultural
    identities?

6
Anthropological categories
  • BIG C CULTURE surface aspects of a culture
    readily apparent to casual observers
  • (e.g. Belles Artes, food, fiestas and famous
    people, or gender, race, size, age)
  • small c culture in depth knowledge and
    understanding of a culture shared values (e.g.
    social practices, language, perspectives)
  • No se deje dar gato por liebre!

7
Multiculturalism
  • Individual level
  • Self identified cultural components
  • Group level
  • Representation of several cultural identities
  • Attitude toward others (absence of ethnocentrism)

8
How do you define yourself, culturally?
  • Family order
  • Place of birth
  • Ethnic/ cultural heritage
  • Gender
  • Deaf / hearing

9
Gallaudet Research Institute data, December, 2003
  • United States
  • Illinois

10
Ethnic diversity in programs for children who are
deaf
11
Spoken/written languages in the home
12
Children with Cochlear Implants
13
Education
  • Controversy over which bilingual approach is
    best.
  • Successful programs make extensive use of
    additive bilingual AND immersion techniques
    (Thomas Collier, 1996)

14
Parallels between signed and spoken bilingual
education
  • Attitudes of families
  • English-only programs
  • Value of heritage (natural, native) language
  • Shared responsibilities for concept formation
    (Tabors, 1997)
  • Potential for two-way bilingual education
    programs

15
Legislation
  • Brown vs. Board of Education, 1954
  • Equal access to educational opportunity
  • Bilingual education act, 1968
  • Equal education for linguistic minorities
  • IDEA Amendments, 1997
  • Assessment must be in the childs native
    language or other mode of communication.

16
Teacher Preparation
  • 75 CED certified DHH teacher preparation programs
    in the U.S.
  • 7 self report having a class that focuses on
    multicultural issues in deafness
  • 27 self report that multicultural issues are
    infused across the curriculum
  • 41 NR or no focus on the issues

17
QUESTION
  • In our increasingly diverse society, where are
    teachers of children who are deaf getting the
    vital information that they need regarding
    multicultural populations?

18
Supreme Court opinion on diversity in higher
education
  • U. of Michigan decision diversity prepares
    students for citizenship in an increasingly
    diverse workforce and society

19
National Standards
  • American Council on the Teaching of Foreign
    Languages (ACTFL)
  • ASL is one of ACTFLs LCT languages
  • ACTFL-ESL, K-12 standards
  • ACTFL-ASL, K-12 standards in process

20
National and regional organizations
  • NABE
  • CABE
  • CAID??
  • Multicultural SIG has been eliminated

21
Action research
  • Ethnographic studies in classrooms
  • Star Schools Project
  • Residential schools as research sites
  • How do those in leadership roles within schools
    end up mediating between reform plans (systems
    and structures) and actual practices?

22
Assessment
  • Access to the general curriculum
  • Linguistically biased assessment
  • Equal outcomes for graduation
  • Children left behind?

23
TRILINGUAL EDUCATION
  • Videotaped series for Spanish speaking parents of
    deaf children

24
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27
What have we learned?
  • Philosophy
  • Language proficiency
  • Multiculturalism
  • Authentic assessment
  • Metalinguistics

28
Clarification of Philosophy
  • CED standards now require a philosophy statement
  • Program selection data
  • Oral-aural
  • Comprehensive
  • Bilingual ASL-English

29
Language Requirements in Teacher Preparation
  • Entrance and exit requirements for BOTH ASL and
    English
  • Addition of ASL Linguistics and Literature
    courses
  • What about other spoken and signed languages?

30
Assessment
  • Qualitative methodology (e.g. NaVCA)
  • Multiple Intelligences theory (thematic
    curricula)
  • Observation of nonverbal cognitive behavior, e.g.
    problem solving
  • Observation of nonverbal and verbal communication
    acts

31
M.I. assessment format
32
Metalinguistics
  • Early awareness of bilingualism (e.g. word walls,
    story telling)
  • Natural and second language distinctions

33
Technology
  • Polycom Via Video
  • ASL CDs for parents and others
  • Internet access at home and at school
  • Smart Board

34
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36
Collaborative Action Research
  • Children who are deaf with families who do not
    speak English or sign ASL
  • Children who are deaf in balanced settings with
    children who are hearing (Day care, Preschool,
    K-1)
  • Star Schools Project

37
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40
Research at Rancho Sordo Mudo
41
  • I am concerned bout human dignity, people who
    are persecuted, threatened with destruction, the
    aborigines of Australia. Each minority has a
    unique life experience that must be taught to the
    large entities by which the world today tends to
    define itself.
  • -Francois Cheng

42
For further information
  • http//www.rohan.sdsu.edu/deafed/
  • kchriste_at_mail.sdsu.edu
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