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Title: This document is contained within the Fire Management Toolbox on Wilderness.net. Since other related resources found in this toolbox may be of interest, you can visit this toolbox by visiting the following URL:


1
  • This document is contained within the Fire
    Management Toolbox on Wilderness.net. Since other
    related resources found in this toolbox may be of
    interest, you can visit this toolbox by visiting
    the following URL http//www.wilderness.net/index
    .cfm?fusetoolboxessecfire. All toolboxes are
    products of the Arthur Carhart National
    Wilderness Training Center.

2
(No Transcript)
3
Wilderness Considerationsfor Fire Resource
Advisors
  • Part II

4
Wilderness ValuesWhat are they?

5
Wilderness Values
  • Anthropocentric vs. Biocentric

6
Wilderness Values Anthropocentric
7
Wilderness Values Biocentric
8
Wilderness Values
  • Naturalness vs. Wildness

9
Wilderness Natural or Wild ?
Long-term fire suppression is an example of
large-scale manipulation of natural conditions.
10
EXAMPLES OF MANIPULATION TO RESTORE NATURAL
CONDITIONS IN WILDERNESS
Reducing fuels to restore natural fire regimes
and fire effects
11
Fire and Wilderness
The role of fire and the effects of fire
12
Fire and Wilderness
This used to be called a disaster.
13
Fire Control vs. Fire Management
14
Wilderness Fire Damage or Natural Event?
  • Catastrophic Fire
  • Stand Replacing Fire
  • Ground Fire
  • High Intensity
  • Low Intensity
  • Natural part of the ecological process
  • Natural role in wilderness

15
Fire creates patterns
  • Adds to diversity
  • Replicates natural conditions
  • Creates fuel breaks
  • Creates edge
  • Recycles

16
Federal Wildland Fire Policy
Wildland Fire Use
17
Continuing to suppress natural fires, causes a
significant alteration to natural conditions.
Federal Wildland Fire Policy
18
Suppression actions can have a significant impact
to the resource.
Federal Wildland Fire Policy
19
Agency Policy Fire in Wilderness
 
20
BLM Policy 8560.35 A
  • Fire suppression measures and techniques must be
    used which achieve the wilderness management
    objectives with the minimum adverse impact on the
    wilderness resource.
  • Methods and equipment which least alter the
    landscape or disturb the land surface are best.

21
FWS Policy 6 RM 8.8b C.
  • While an aggressive approach to wildfire control
    on certain wilderness areas may be in order, the
    methods utilized should be the minimum tool.

22
Forest Service Policy 2320
  • Conduct all fire management activities within
    wilderness in a manner compatible with overall
    wilderness management objectives.
  • Give preference to using methods and
    equipment that cause the least
  1. Alteration of the wilderness landscape.
  2. Disturbance of the land surface.
  3. Disturbance to visitor solitude.
  4. Reduction of visibility during periods of visitor
    use.
  5. Adverse effect on other air quality related
    values.

23
Forest Service Policy 2320
  • Locate fire camps, helispots, and other temporary
    facilities or improvements outside of the
    wilderness boundary whenever feasible.
  • Rehabilitate disturbed areas within wilderness
    to as natural an appearance as possible.

 
24
NPS Policy RM 41 6.3.9
  • Fire management activities conducted in
    wilderness areas will conform to the basic
    purposes of wilderness.
  • Actions taken to suppress wildfires will use the
    minimum requirement concept, and will be
    conducted in such a way as to protect natural and
    cultural resources and to minimize the lasting
    impacts of the suppression actions.

25
Application to Fire
  • Whenever possible, scrutinize the use of motor
    vehicles, motorized equipment, mechanical
    transport, and aircraft in support of suppression
    activities.

26
Application to Fire
  • Whenever possible, scrutinize the use of motor
    vehicles, motorized equipment, mechanical
    transport and aircraft in support of suppression
    activities.
  • Activities that may have longer-term impacts,
    such as retardant drops, line construction, and
    dozer lines should be minimized.

27
Law and Policy - Key Points
  • The National Wilderness Preservation System was
    established in response to a concern over growing
    population and development.
  • The diversity of the system creates challenges to
    fire management because of size, shape and fuel
    types.
  • Subsequent legislation provides specific
    direction that needs to be considered along with
    the 1964 Wilderness Act.
  • Sections of the 1964 Wilderness Act and agency
    policy apply to fire management and the resource
    advisor role.

28
Remember that the essential principle of fire
management is always the top priority in
wilderness too Do not compromise firefighter or
public safety
29
Wilderness Considerations for Fire Resource
AdvisorsEnd of Part II
  • Go to Part III
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