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Environmental Worldviews, Ethics, and Sustainability

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Biocentric worldview. Planetary Management Worldview. Humans are the most important species ... Humans should not cause the premature extinction of species ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental Worldviews, Ethics, and Sustainability


1
Environmental Worldviews, Ethics, and
Sustainability
G. Tyler Millers Living in the Environment 13th
Edition Chapter 28
Dr. Richard Clements Chattanooga State Technical
Community College
2
Key Concepts
  • Human-centered worldview
  • Life-centered worldviews
  • Earth-centered worldviews
  • Ethical guidelines to work with the Earth
  • Living more sustainably

3
Environmental Worldviews in Industrial Societies
  • Environmental worldviews
  • Individual-centered
  • Earth-centered
  • Human-centered
  • Life-centered
  • Ecosystem-centered

4
Environmental Worldviews
Fig. 28-2 p. 742
5
Values
  • Instrumental (utilitarian) value
  • Intrinsic (inherent) value
  • Anthropocentric worldview
  • Biocentric worldview

6
Planetary Management Worldview
  • Humans are the most important species
  • There is always more
  • All economic growth is good
  • Human success depends on how humans manage things

7
Variations on Planetary Management
  • No-problem school
  • Free-market school
  • Responsible planetary management school
  • Spaceship-Earth school
  • Stewardship school

8
Life-Centered Environmental Worldviews
  • Humans should not cause the premature extinction
    of species
  • Actively protect species endangered by human
    activities
  • Some believe all animal species have a right to
    survive

9
Earth-Centered Environmental Worldviews
  • Ecocentric worldview
  • Emphasis on preserving functioning ecosystems
  • Humans are part of ecological processes

10
Environmental Wisdom Worldview
  • Humans are part of nature
  • There is not always more
  • Some types of technology and economic growth are
    good
  • Human success depends on learning how Earth
    systems work and applying what we learn
  • Deep ecology (See Spotlight p. 748)

11
Solutions Living More Sustainably
  • Biosphere and ecosystem responsibilities
  • Species responsibilities
  • Cultural responsibilities
  • Individual responsibilities

12
Environmental Education
  • Where do things I consume come from?
  • What do I know about the place where I live?
  • How am I connected to the Earth and other living
    things?
  • What are my purpose and responsibility as a human
    being?

13
Major Components of the Environmental Revolution
  • Efficiency revolution
  • Pollution prevention revolution
  • Sufficiency revolution
  • Demographic revolution
  • Economic revolution
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