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The Historicity Of Jesus

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In Matthew 16: 15 Jesus said, ' But who do you say I am ? ... Wrought surprising feats.' * 'He won over many Jews and many of. the Greeks. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Historicity Of Jesus


1
The Historicity Of Jesus
  • Lesson 1.

2
Lesson 1 Who do you say I am
  • Study of the historical character called
  • Jesus Christ of Nazareth.
  • In Matthew 16 15 Jesus said,
  • But who do you say I am ?
  • This is a question that all man-kind must
  • answer.

3
  • It makes a difference whether or not
  • passionate human beings could even
  • be motivated to live morally with out
  • believing in living Christ.
  • Edward Wharton- Christianity A Clear
  • Of History.

4
History
  • History is the witness that testifies to the
  • Passing of time , illuminates reality,
  • vitalizes memory , provides guidance in daily
  • life, and brings us tidings of antiquity.
  • Cicero

5
History
  • There is properly no history, only biography.
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • History itself is nothing but the activity of
  • men pursuing their purposes.
  • Karl Marx

6
History
  • Only a good-for-nothing is not interested
  • in his past. - Sigmund Freud.
  • Every past is worth condemning.
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
  • History is more or less bunk. Henry Ford

7
History
  • History can be defined as
  • A chronological record of events , as of
  • the life or development of a people or
  • institution, often including an explanation of
  • or commentary on those events.

8
  • This historical journey is not with out
  • its critics.
  • The Gospel stories are no more historical
  • than the Genesis creation accounts are
  • scientific. They are filled with exaggerations,
  • miracles and admitted propaganda.
  • -Dan Barker , atheist

9
  • But also we cannot ignore that in the
  • interest of theological doctrine,
  • contemporary circumstances , and effective
  • story telling , nothing wrong was seen in
  • creating views for Jesus to express.
  • J. Schoenfield The Passover Plot

10
  • We have become convinced that the
  • story of Jesus is not the biography of a
  • historical Messiah, but a myth based on
  • perennial Pagan stories.
  • - Timothy Freke Peter Gandy
  • Page 3 Behold The Lamb
    Of God. Kyle Butt Eric Lyons

11
  • Behold the greatest cover up in history.
  • Not only was Jesus Christ married, but
  • He was a father.
  • The Da Vinci Code - Dan Brown

12
Who is this character ?

13
And who is this ?
14
Historical Events
  • Does December 7 , 1941 bring to mind
  • a profound historical event ?
  • How do we know this event happened ?
  • What about July 20 , 1969 ?

15
Historical dialogue
  • Who said this ……
  • Ask not what youre country can do for
  • you , but ask what you can do for youre
  • country .

16
  • And this ………
  • forgive your enemies ,but never forget
  • their name.
  • What famous President said this…….
  • Read my lips , no new taxes.

17
  • Famous movie quote ….
  • Heres looking at you , kid.

18
Christs Birth
  • The Gospel accounts
  • Matthew 1 18
  • Mark No account
  • Luke 126
  • John 1 13

19
Birth account of historical figures
  • Abraham Lincoln- Hardin County, Kentucky
  • February 12 , 1809.
  • George Washington- Virginia Colony
  • February 11 , 1731 under the Julian calendar.
  • When Britain adopted the Gregorian calendar
  • his birth was changed to Feb. 22, 1732.
  • Jesus Christ A.D. 4 ? Bethlehem , Judah.

20
Eyewitness accounts
  • Luke 1 1-4
  • eyewitnesses and ministers of the word
  • delivered then to us.

21
Evidence from out side the Bible
  • First type of evidences comes from what
  • is known as hostile sources.
  • In no way were they friendly to the
  • Christian cause.

22
Tacitus A.D.56- 117
  • Member of the Roman upper class.
  • Held several positions under
  • Emperor Nerva and Emperor Trajan.
  • Wrote Annals in A.D. 115

23
Tacitus wrote
  • Their originator, Christ, had been executed
  • in Tiberius reign by the governor of Judea,
  • Pontius Pilatus. But in spite of the temporary
  • setback the deadly superstition had broken out
  • afresh , not only in Judea ,but even in Rome.

24
Suetonius
  • Lived nearly 30 years under the Caesars.
  • Had access to Imperial and Senatorial
  • archives.
  • Author of The Lives Of The Caesars.
  • Because of he had access to contemporary
  • documents and memoirs , his testimony
  • becomes reliable historical evidence.

25
Suetonius wrote
  • Because the Jews at Rome caused
  • continuous disturbance at the instigation
  • of Chrestus (Christos), he ( Claudius)
  • expelled them from the city.
  • Note See Acts 182

26
And also ………
  • Punishments were also inflicted on the
  • Christians , a sect professing a new and
  • mischievous religious belief.

27
Pliny The Younger
  • Pliny was sent by the Roman emperor
  • Trajan (A.D.110-111) to govern the
  • region of Bithynia.

28
Pliny wrote
  • that they were in the habit of meeting on
  • a certain fixed day before it was light ,when
  • they sang in alternate verses a hymn to
  • Christ , as to a god, and bound themselves
  • by a solemn oath , not to any wicked deeds.

29
Josephus
  • Born a few years after Jesus died.
  • Galilean military command in A.D. 66.
  • Deserted to the Roman Army.
  • Became a writer and wrote
  • Antiquities Of The Jews in A.D. 93.
  • Wrote a vivid account of John the Baptist
  • and King Herod. Matt 146 , Mark 621

30
Josephus wrote
  • ….convened the judges of the Sanhedrin
  • and brought before them a man named
  • James , the brother of Jesus who was called
  • the Christ , and certain others. He accused
  • them of having transgressed the Law and
  • delivered them up to be stoned.
  • He Walked Among Us pg. 38 Josh McDowell

31
And wrote
  • About this time there lived Jesus, a wise
  • man, if indeed one ought to call him a man.
  • Wrought surprising feats.
  • He won over many Jews and many of
  • the Greeks.
  • Talks about Pilate, the crucifix,
  • Jesus resurrection ,and His appearance to
  • others.

32
On historical events
  • Josephus documents the destruction of
  • Jerusalem in A.D. 70.
  • Claims 1.1 million Jews were killed.

33
Early Christian writers
  • Polycarp A.D. 69-155. Wrote several
  • letters including one titled
  • The Epistle to the Philippians.
  • Had conversation with John and others
  • that had seen the Lord.

34
  • Mara Bar Serapion Stoic philosopher.
  • Some time after 70 AD wrote a letter
  • from prison to his son.
  • What advantage did the Jews gain from
  • executing their wise king ? It was just after
  • that their kingdom was abolished.

35
Others include
  • Origen
  • Justin Martyr
  • Thallus
  • Clement of Alexandria
  • All of these men made reference to
  • Jesus Christ and His church.

36
Implications of not believing
  • No hope. Acts 2415
  • No peace. Romans 1417 John 1427
  • No paradise Luke 2343
  • No salvation Acts 412

37
Implications of His resurrection
  • Implies His Godhead Romans 14
  • Jesus is trustworthy to keep
  • his promises. John 1125 1 Peter 13-4
  • Christianity stands or falls on the reality
  • of the resurrection of Jesus.
  • If Christ has not been resurrected , then
  • all is futile. 1 Cor. 15 12-17

38
Our Questions
  • Is Jesus Christ a historical figure?
  • Can we believe in the accounts of
  • His life?
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