ANIMAL FARM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – ANIMAL FARM PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: f5b7d-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

ANIMAL FARM

Description:

The characters, setting, and events make sense on the 'literal' level, but are ... Stalin assumed complete, totalitarian control and immediately began to 'purge' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:69
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 19
Provided by: CPC12
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: ANIMAL FARM


1
ANIMAL FARM
2
George Orwell
  • Born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, India in
    1903, Died in London in 1950
  • Other works 1984 , Burmese Days

3
What is an ALLEGORY?
  • The characters, setting, and events make sense on
    the literal level, but are designed to
    represent OTHER characters, settings and events.

4
What is Satire?
  • The intentional degrading of a subject or
    subjects for comic or dramatic effect
  • Uses Laughter as a weapon
  • ANIMAL FARM is both an allegory and a satire.
  • It is a satirical retelling of the Russian
    Revolution and the rise of Josef Stalin

5
  • At the beginning of the Twentieth Century, Europe
    and America had evolved into modern, industrial
    states.
  • Russia remained a very backward, agrarian economy
    ( farming/rural) under the absolute authority of
    the Tsar or King.

6
  • There was great unrest among the people
  • and a large opposition grew against the Tsar.
  • Among the opposition groups were the communist
    Bolsheviks led by Lenin and Trotsky

LENIN
Trotsky
7
In 1914, Russia joined England and France against
Germany in World War One.
  • They suffered tremendous losses
  • The Tsar was fatally weakened at home

Tsar Nicolas II
8
The Revolution of 1917
  • The Revolutionaries overthrew the Tsar in March
    of 1917 and, after another revolution in October,
    the Bolsheviks-led by Lenin-took control of the
    Russian Government.
  • The Bolsheviks spent the next few years fighting
    a civil war
  • Lenin was the leader and Trotsky was his top
    military man

9
  • During this time another man was quietly gaining
    power behind the scenes. His name was Josef
    Stalin.

Stalin in 1917
10
Comparing Stalin and Trotsky
  • TROTSKY
  • Charismatic-Great Communicator
  • Idealist-Believed in True Marxism
  • Conceited
  • Bored by Politics, Interested in Philosophical
  • STALIN
  • Quiet, Brooding
  • Hands-On Worker, Excellent at Organization
  • Gruff, Lower-Class
  • Great at Politics-Knew how to Manipulate System

11
  • While Lenin and Trotsky concentrated on the War,
    Stalin began to take over the complex machinery
    of the Communist Party
  • Stalin knew that Trotsky had made many enemies
    and he used this knowledge to form alliances to
    serve him in the future.

12
TRANSITION OF POWER
  • The Bolsheviks won the war in 1921, but Lenin had
    become fatally ill and it was soon apparent that
    he would die
  • Lenin had seen how powerful Stalin had become and
    put it in his will that Stalin was not to have a
    leadership role after his death.

13
Lenin Dies in 1923
  • Stalin and his allies have his will thrown out
  • Stalin uses his alliances to defeat Trotsky

14
  • Stalin ridiculed Trotskys policies including his
    ideas of permanent revolution and
    collectivization of agriculture
  • Stalin would later incorporate these ideas and
    claim credit for himself
  • Eventually Trotsky was forced into exile and in
    1940 he was assassinated in Mexico at Stalins
    command.
  • Stalin assumed complete, totalitarian control and
    immediately began to purge his former allies.

15
  • Stalin would have thousands of his political
    enemies murdered, and his policies would kill
    millions of Russians
  • In 1938, Stalin entered into a Non-Aggression
    Pact with Adolf Hitler in order to stay out of
    World War Two.
  • In 1940, both countries invaded Poland.

PACT SIGNING 1938
16
The USSR in World War Two
  • Hitler betrayed Stalin and invaded The USSR in
    1941
  • The effects of Stalins purges on the military
    enabled the Nazis to almost conquer the USSR
  • Stalin joined the allies at the Tehran Conference
    of 1943

Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin at Yalta in 1945
17
Questions to ask While Reading the Novel
  • Which characters and events from real life match
    the characters and events from Animal Farm?
  • Even though Animal Farm is not exactly comic,
    how does the story fit into our definition of
    satire?
  • What do you think some of the other characters in
    the book- Boxer, Squealer, Moses-represent? Why?

18
  • IF YOU WANT A PICTURE OF THE FUTURE, IMAGINE A
    BOOT STAMPING ON A HUMAN FACE-FOREVER- George
    Orwell, 1984
About PowerShow.com