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The Grail


The Grail. Chronicle, biography (prose) - episodic romance (verse) chronicle ... slow to understand this, but will abjure Guinevere (until Mort Artu), and do penance ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Grail

The Grail
  • Chronicle, biography (prose) - episodic romance
    (verse) chronicle-like biographical romance
  • Chrétien, Wolfram gt Queste gt Malory
  • Lets ask Dan Brown

Conte du Graal
  • Prologue, patron, source
  • New environment, new dimension
  • Love Chivalry God
  • Story
  • Grail procession
  • Messenger-girl on mule
  • New quests (Lance-Grail)
  • Good Friday tant sainte chose est li graaus,
    Percevals guilt
  • Story breaks off (Chrétien says AAaarrgh)

  • New inspiration, miles christi
  • Grail as special object (divine relic, not in
    Vulgate Bible)
  • Continuations open end Conte as invitation to
    continuators (4)
  • Robert de Boron gtgt cf. tasks
  • Last Supper
  • Desert
  • Avalon/Glastonbury (image catalogue)
  • Roberts verse gtgt prose (suggestion of veracity)

Wolfram von Eschenbach
  • Ca. 1200-1210
  • New beginning (Gahmuret), new Conclusion (P. as
    Grail King ruling the Templars)
  • Graal lapsit exillis
  • Kyot as ultimate source, not Chrétien (source

Prose Romances
  • Perlesvaus or the High Book of the Grail
  • Queste del Saint Graal in Lancelot trilogy and
    Vulgate Cycle
  • Perceval gt Galahad, why??
  • Divine guidance ships (like Solomons), dreams,
    and hermits
  • Questions about the story line?

Grail Ideology
  • 2 kinds of knights
  • Terrienne (Gauvain c.s. worldly chivalry
  • Célestielle Bohort-Perceval-Galahad, tested
    (chastity, devotion), destined for greatness
  • New ideology chaste service of the Grail,
    instead of inspiration by adulterous courtly love
  • Lancelot is slow to understand this, but will
    abjure Guinevere (until Mort Artu), and do

Double esprit
  • New ideology in cycle, yet texts remain together
    no separate Q mss
  • Explanations
  • Different authors, working without contact???
  • Group effort several authors working together
    (subgroup). J.N. Carman suggests Eleanor led the
    discussions (not very convincing!)

Best option so far Architect
  • Architect (Frappiers idea) with special plan
    development in knighthood, best worldly knight
    (Lancelot) qualified to father Grail hero Galahad
    gtgt inscription on tomb
  • Steinhoff calls this aVorstufe (adventures
    select best knight), then there is the higher
    religious chivalric time/level of the Grail, and
    after that it all goes to pieces because the
    worldly values not longer work

The True Story?
  • Vulgate cycle pretends to be true
  • Prose
  • Fictional author and patron (Walter Map, Henry
    II, books found in Salisbury abbey)
  • Source fiction (eyewitness-reports written down
    by scribes)
  • Interlace (narrative threads interwoven,
    suggestion of simultaneity)
  • Realistic chronology and geography
  • Yet Fiction, like all Grail texts

Malory and after
  • Malory returns to the adventure ideology,
    worship is bravery in battle, and gives a
    concise version of the Grail quest
  • Modern authors seem to choose either Grail is
    central theme, or Love/Adventure (omitting or
    neglecting the Grail theme)