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Annual action Plan 2006-07

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Title: Annual action Plan 2006-07


1
National Conference for Rabi Campaign 2006-07
Presentation by DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Meghalay
a
2
Impact of Technology Mission on Horticulture
Scheme in Meghalaya
3
Anthurium, Pineapple, Cherry Tomato
Fruit Crop Zone Clusters 05-06
Rose, Ginger, Pineapple, Strawberries
Strawberry
Pineapple
Pineapple
Passion Fruit
Banana
Passion Fruit
Passion Fruit
Banana
Passion Fruit
Orange
Orange
Plum
Pear
Orange
Passion Fruit
Passion Fruit
4
Vegetable Crop Zone Clusters 05-06
Bell Pepper
Lettuce
Luffa
Beans
Tomato
Broccoli
Tomato
Peas
Carrot
French Bean
Cabbage
Cabbage
5
Spices Crop Zone Clusters 05-06
Ginger
Black pepper
Ginger
Turmeric
Black Pepper
Ginger
6
Plantation Crop Zone Clusters 05-06
Betel vine
Betel nut
Betel nut
Betel nut
Cashew nut
Betel vine
7
Floriculture Crop Zone Clusters 05-06
Roses
Lilium
Orchids
Anthurium
Foliage
BOP
Anthurium
BOP
Lilium
Gerbera
Orchids
Carnations
8
Present Area, production and productivity of
different crops (Fruits/ Vegetables/Plantation
crops/Spices/ MA plants/ Flowers) during 2004-05.
Crops Area (ha) Production (MT) Productivity (Kg/ha)
Fruits
Pineapple 9565 92036 9622
Citrus fruits 9808 38989 3975
Banana 6276 67838 10809
Papaya 582 4484 7704
Total 26231 203347 7752
Vegetables 11814 143546 12150
9
Spices
Turmeric 1632 8752 5363
Chillies 1844 1303 707
Ginger 9222 47138 5111
Black pepper 735 575 701
Total 13433 57768 4549
Tuber Crops
Potato 17287 141622 8192
Sweet Potato 4974 16172 3251
Tapioca 3975 20644 5193
Total 26236 178438 6801
Plantation Crops
Cashew nut 6765 6847 1012
Areca nut 11233 14169 1216
Total 17998 21016 1167
Flowers 30.6 400000 1000
10
Percentage increase in area, production and
productivity over the pre-mission period
Crop Area increased in () Production increased () Productivity ()
Fruits
Pineapple 2.19 6.89 4.57
Citrus fruits 4.56 10 6
Banana 4.8 3.41 3.3
Spices
Ginger 14.7 5.6 1.12
Plantation crops
Cashew nut 4.7 14.31 9.01
Areca nut 0.006 3.13 3.32
11
Thrust Crops
  • During TMNE, Strawberry was introduced in the
    State and with the interventions of TMNE , the
    Strawberry has emerged as the potential crop of
    the State. Meghalaya has emerged the leading
    strawberry State in the country.
  • Large scale area expansion is being undertaken
    for cultivation of strawberries with hi-tech
    interventions.
  • Marketing tie up with Kolkotta and Delhi traders
  • State has emerged as one of the leading anthurium
    and rose grower in the international markets.
  • Cashew nuts have identified as one of the
    potential crops
  • Large scale cultivation of cashew nuts have
    undertaken
  • Amongst spices, turmeric produced in Meghalaya is
    known for higher curcumin content and is a
    potential crop for export

12
Employment Opportunities generated under TMH
since inception
Crop Area (Ha) Mandays
Fruits 5107 15,32,100
Vegetables 1905 2,85,750
Spices 1965 7,07,400
Floriculture 153 76,500
TOTAL 26,01,750
13
SUCCESS STORIES
  1. Off-season vegetables cultivation in Mawkriah,
    Mawryngkneneg, Pynursla, Laitjem villages of East
    Khasi Hills District.
  2. Floriculture in Mawbri, Mawkriah, Nongkseh,
    Sohryngkham, Nongsder, and Umran villages.
  3. Pineapples in Koksi Songma, East Garo Hills.
  4. Strawberry cultivation in Sohliya, Umktieh and
    Mawlyngkhung villages of Ri-Bhoi District.
  5. Turmeric cultivation in Kyndong Tuber, Jaintia
    Hills District.
  6. Vermi-composting in Diskiangpungsiar village,
    West Khasi Hills District.
  7. Rose and Anthurium Model Pilot Projects in
    Ri-Bhoi and East Garo Hills Districts
    respectively.

14
Infrastructure created for PHM marketing and
processing of horticulture produce in the state
  • 156 Farm Handling Units set up at strategic
    places throughout the state.
  • 4 nos. of Cold Storages of 2006 MT total capacity
    installed in the public sector.
  • 2 nos. of Fruit Processing Units of total
    capacity 100 MT in the Public Sector.
  • 1 no. Fruit Processing Unit with an installed
    capacity of 400 MT per year in the private
    sector.
  • 9 nos. Cashew nut Processing units with an
    average installed capacity of 300 MT.
  • 14 nos. of small scale Turmeric Processing Units
    located in Jaintia Hills.
  • Department proposes to set up an aseptic
    processing and packaging unit in the state to be
    managed by a local entrepreneur for which the
    proposal is already submitted.
  • 2 numbers of Pack houses are also proposed to be
    set up both in the public as well as private
    sector to facilitate the efficient marketing of
    produce in keeping with todays market trends.

15
Markets and its linkages
  1. Rose, Anthurium and Strawberries are being
    marketed with the involvement of private
    entrepreneur.
  2. Pineapples are being informally traded by
    companies like Itahari, Samse, Dabur and Purolia
    to Nepal, Bhutan, Bihar Siliguri.
  3. Negotiations are being held with Dabur for the
    supply of pineapple to its Siliguri factory.
  4. Oranges are being informally exported to
    Bangladesh.
  5. Areca nut and cashew nut are being processed and
    sold by private entrepreneurs.
  6. The State Government is in the process of
    amending the APMC act in line with the model APMC
    act.
  7. The Department proposes to provide additional
    infrastructure in the Rural Primary Markets all
    over the state.

16
Exports from Meghalaya
Sl No YEAR No of P.S.C. issued Commodity Quantity Nos
1 2001-2002 6 nos Orange (Citrus reticulata) 159.00 MTs
2 2002-2003 23 nos Orange (C.reticulata) Pear Ginger Vegetables Mushroom 165.90 MTs 15.96 MTs 388.15 MT 1960 Kg 100 Kg
3 2003-2004 7 nos Orange 223.00 MTs
4 2004-2005 upto Feb -05 10 nos Orange (C.reticulata) C. macroptera 455.06 MTs 9.00 MTs
17
Overall impact of the Scheme
Awareness in adoption of technology.
  1. The Mission has made horticulture farmers aware
    of the benefits of commercial cultivation and
    more farmers are opting for it.
  2. Water management and plastic culture is now
    percolating to the farmers for cultivation of
    fruits, vegetables, black pepper, floriculture
    etc.
  3. 3381 nos of farmers were trained both within and
    outside the state as well as training of trainers
    have been conducted.
  4. Workshops and seminars on various aspects on
    horticulture have been conducted.
  5. The maximum impact has been effected by the
    Centre of Excellence as well as cluster approach
    on are expansion which have improved the economic
    condition of the farmers.

18
DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL NURSERIES
19
AREA EXPANSION strawberry
20
GREENHOUSE CULTIVATION
21
DEVE
AREA EXPANSION - VEGETABLES
22
JHUMLAND NOW UNDER PINEAPPLE CULTIVATION
23
HI-TECH STRAWBERY CULTIVATION
24
Meghalayas Finest Strawberries
25
Plums being readied for market
26
Broccoli
27
Roses in Umsning
28
Gerberas in East Khasi Hills
Some of Meghalayas finest products
29
Anthurium in East Garo Hills
30
View of a private nursery
31
Tissue Culture Laboratory
32
A COMMUNITY TANK
33
Drip Irrigation water tanks for strawberry
farmers.
34
The Rose polyhouse in Dewlieh
35
A VERMI-COMPOSTING UNIT
36
A power operated sprayer distributed under the
Mission
37
Mechanization under the Mission
38
Training of farmers in the Rose polyhouse.
39
Strawberry growers with their first cheques
40
  • AGRICULTURE

41
CENTRAL SCHEMES
FINANCIAL TARGET ACHIEVEMENT 2005-2006
Name of Schemes Target ( Rs in lakhs ) Achvmnt (Rs in lakhs )
A.Centrally Sponsored Schemes State Extension Progs. for Extn Reforms Paddy trial under AICRIP Macro Management of Agriculture 14.00 8.75 1463.38 14.00 8.75 1233.75
B. Central Sector Schemes Training of Women in Agriculture Agricultural Census Tea Nurseries Sch. sponsored by Tea Board National Project on Organic Farming 2.78 8.50 16.00 2.34 2.78 8.50 16.00 2.34
42
MACRO MANAGEMENT OF AGRICULTURE
FINANCIAL TARGET ACHIEVEMENT 2005-2006
Name of Schemes Target ( Rs in lakhs ) Achvmnt ( Rs in lakhs )
NWDPRA Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization Setting up of Vermicompost units,etc Use of bio-fertilizers, etc. Integrated Cereal Development Programme Area Expansion under coarse cereal maize State Land Use Board Development of Micro structures Hydrams drip irrigation Integrated Pest Management Area Expansion of Tea cultivation RVP/FPR and Credit cooperation Seed Management Paddy seed prodn. 596.75 347.75 120.00 115.00 30.00 62.40 0.20 30.00 4.74 76.11 4.00 76.43 447.70 322.32 120.00 115.00 22.50 46.80 0.00 22.50 3.50 57.00 0.00 76.43
TOTAL 1463.38 1233.75
43
CENTRAL SCHEMES
  • Reasons for shortfall
  • Less budget provision
  • Inability to submit U/C for 1st Instln.
  • Revalidation received dated 14th July, 2005
  • 1st Instlament received dated 30th June, 2005
  • 2nd Instalment received dated 30th Sept.,2005
  • Delayed sanction by State govt. having to undergo
    the normal process of Submission of Proposal

44
CRITICAL ASSESSMENT
  •   (a) Efficacy of existing extension
    network         Lack of convergence of
    different sector         No bottom up planning
            Less Private - Public Partnership
            Lack of broad based farming system
    approach         Indifferent to group approach
            Inadequate market linkage        
    Lack of gender mainstreaming.

45
CRITICAL ASSESSMENT ( contd)
  • (b) Capacity to deliver technology at the
    farm/field level.
  • Combined effort of the extension functionaries
    from top to grassroot level
  • Active support of the Information wing of the
    Department.
  • KVKs support in the Technology transfer and
    delivery at farm level
  • Transfer of technology through participatory
    mode.
  • Proven validity of the technology under Farmers
    production conditions
  • Though relatively below par and slow in progress
    but showing some positive trend in recent past
    with instances of partial adoption by the farmers
    of the full technology package.

46
AVAILABILITY OF INPUTS
  • Seeds
  • Supply of certified seeds dependent on NSC, WBSC,
    ASC and others
  • Foundation seeds supplied to registered growers
    for seed multiplication assisted by Assam Seed
    Certification Agency ( ASCA) for seed
    certification
  • Setting up of own Seed Certification Agency under
    process
  • Requirement of Certified Seeds during Rabi 2006-
    2007 1791.0 quintals Kharif 2006 3680.0
    Quintals
  • Availability of seeds in both the seasons is
    satisfactory.

47
AVAILABILITY OF INPUTS ( contd.)
  • (b) Fertilizers
  • Consumption of fertilizer in the State during
    2005-2006 was 18 Kg/ha.
  • Target for 2006-2007 is fixed at 21 kg/ha.
  • The consumption of fertilizers mainly for potato,
    vegetables, maize and rice.
  • No problem of fertilizer availability in the
    State

48
AVAILABILITY OF INPUTS ( contd.)
  • (c ) Plant Protection
  • Emphasis on the adoption of eco-friendly plant
    protection approaches besides need-based
    application of chemicals for pest and disease
    control.
  • The State Bio- Control Laboratory has been
    functioning since June , 2003 and the production
    of bio-agents is presently on a trial basis.
  • A total pesticide consumption of 9369 MT
    (technical grade) was recorded in 2005-06 and the
    Projected demand for 2007 9402 MT.

49
THANK YOU
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