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KARL%20MARX

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Though ignored in his life, his ideas gained rapid acceptance after his death in ... (antithesis), and a different social form, (synthesis), emerges from the struggle ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: KARL%20MARX


1
KARL MARX
FOUNDER OF COMMUNISM AND THE CONFLICT THEORY
2
KARL MARX
  • Born in Germany 1818
  • Began attending Socialist meetings in Germany
  • Wrote The Communist Manifesto with Friedrich
    Engels
  • Though ignored in his life, his ideas gained
    rapid acceptance after his death in 1883

3
Karl Marx Personal
  • Full Name Karl Heinrich Marx
  • Birth May 5th, 1818
  • Death March 14th, 1883
  • Enrolled in the University of Bonn? studied Law
  • Married Jenny von Westphalen and had several
    kids, many of which died at a young age
  • Daughter Eleanor was a committed socialist who
    helped in the editing of her fathers works

4
G. W. F. Hegel
  • Influenced Marx
  • Theorized that a thought could not be separated
    from its opposite
  • Believed unity could only be achieved by
    equalizing all opposites
  • History should be viewed dialectically, through
    clash of opposing forces

5
THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO
  • Pamphlet written by Marx
  • Engels
  • Summarized the inevitable
  • revolution, communist society
  • that would be born from it

6
The history of all hitherto existing
society is the history of class
struggles. Let the ruling classes tremble at a
Communistic revolution. The proletarians have
nothing to lose but their chains. They have a
world to win. Working men of all countries,
unite!
7
MARXISM
The theory of the nature of history and politics
as well as a prescription for revolutionary
action to bring the industrial working class to
power and create a classless society.
8
Bourgeoisie ? class of capitalists (ruling class)
Society divided into two distinct classes
Proletariat ? class of wage labourers (working
class)
9
  • Marxs Theory
  • Economics formed basis of human activities,
    determined who had power in society
  • Believed working class (proletariat) was
    oppressed by the ruling class (bourgeoisie)
  • Marxist Dialectical Method existing social
    arrangement, (thesis), generates its social
    opposite, (antithesis), and a different social
    form, (synthesis), emerges from the struggle
    between the two

10
to achieve a classless socialist society
1.) Abolish property in land 2) Raise income
taxes 3) Abolish inheritance rights 4) Confiscate
emigrant/rebel property 5) Centralize Credit 6)
Centralize means of communication 7) Extension of
factories, cultivate wastelands 8) Equalize
liability to all labourers 9) Abolish distinction
between town and country, equalize population
distribution 10) Free education for children,
abolish child labour
11
Bibliography
Engels, Friedrich and Karl Marx. The Communist
Manifesto. Trans. Samuel Moore. London Penguin
Books, 1967. Feinberg, Barbara S. Marx and
Marxism. New York Franklin Watts, 1985. Karl
Marx. 20 Dec. 2004. 17 Feb. 2005.
lthttp//www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/TUmarx.htmgt.
McClellend, Kent. Conflict Theory. 21 Feb.
2000. 17 Feb. 2005. lthttp//web.grinnell.edu/cour
ses/soc/s00/soc111-01/IntroTheories/Conflict.htmlgt
.
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