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This document is contained within the Fire Management Toolbox on Wilderness.net. Since other related resources found in this toolbox may be of interest, you can visit this toolbox by visiting the following URL:

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MIST What, When, Why, How. Concept: minimum forces necessary to achieve given objectives ... MIST is not separate from 'regular' fire suppression, it is a mindset ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: This document is contained within the Fire Management Toolbox on Wilderness.net. Since other related resources found in this toolbox may be of interest, you can visit this toolbox by visiting the following URL:


1
  • This document is contained within the Fire
    Management Toolbox on Wilderness.net. Since other
    related resources found in this toolbox may be of
    interest, you can visit this toolbox by visiting
    the following URL http//www.wilderness.net/index
    .cfm?fusetoolboxessecfire. All toolboxes are
    products of the Arthur Carhart National
    Wilderness Training Center.

2
Wilderness Fire Resource Advisor Training
Fire in Wilderness Perspectives from a Hotshot
Crew
3
Overview
  • I. Our Perspectives and Background
  • II. Consider This.
  • How to help us meet your goals
  • III. MIST What, When, Why, How?
  • IV. Circumstances, Tactics, and Options

4
I. PERSPECTIVES
5
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6
Hotshot Crews are Multi-tasking
  • Mission Statement The primary mission of the
    IHCs is to provide a safe, professional, mobile,
    and highly skilled hand crew for all phases of
    wildland fire operations.
  • According to the IHC Ops guide, our program
    emphasis also includes
  • DISASTER INCIDENT ASSISTANCE
  • RESOURCE MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES
  • TRAINING CADRE

7
Hotshot Crews are Flexible
  • Also per National IHC Ops Guide
  • Can break down into 3 squads for independent
    missions
  • Come equipped to minimum standards
  • Highly trained, efficient and motivated

8
What Wilderness Fires Mean to US

9
What MIST Means to US
  • Most
  • Intelligent
  • Sensible
  • Tactics

10
II. CONSIDER THIS
  • Planning
  • Tools
  • Communication
  • Improvement

11
  • FUEL TYPES
  • species
  • health
  • loading and arrangement
  • TOPOGRAPHY
  • WEATHER PATTERNS
  • FIRE REGIMES

12
  • WWW.fs.fed/database/feis/.html
  • Find information on how fire effects plants,
    animals, soils, air, and water.
  • Find typical fire regimes by fuel type

13
  • PRESCRIPTIVE GOALS
  • Low intensity
  • Stand Replacement
  • No Fire
  • Special Circumstances
  • Political Goals

14
KEEPING IT SMALL
INITIAL ATTACK
FREE REIGN TO NATURAL PROCESSES
15
PLANNING
  • IDENTIFY
  • HELISPOTS, MEDIVAC, SPIKE CAMPS
  • DIP SITES
  • LOCAL HAZARDS
  • MANAGEMENT AREAS

16
PLANNING
  • IDENTIFY
  • PROTECTION PRIORITIES
  • EVACUATION PLANS
  • BEST INGRESS / EGRESS
  • ACCESS ISSUES
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT NEEDS
  • CLOSURE PROCEDURES

17
PLANNING
  • REGULATIONS AND
  • POLICY
  • Dont let them affect our safety
  • Can affect suppression tactics
  • Lets work through procedures
  • beforehand

18
TOOLS
INFORMATION PACKET
  • List MIST specific to your area
  • MAPS
  • show topography and boundaries
  • travel routes
  • water features
  • aerial photos?
  • Delineate your priority areas (prescriptive
    goals what and why)
  • hazards
  • structures
  • private property

19
TOOLS
  • OUR TOOLBOX
  • FIRE
  • LINE
  • MONITOR STATUS
  • WATER

20
COMMUNICATION
  • WRA / FIREFIGHTER / IMT COLLABORATION
  • Have a presence in the field
  • Clear and concise interchanges
  • FOSTER EDUCATION IN BOTH DIRECTIONS
  • Simple explanations go a long way
  • Allows for learning and understanding

21
COMMUNICATION
  • SECONDARY INFLUENCES
  • Team Influence
  • How committed are they to MIST
  • Local influence (WRA, District Ranger, local
    population, etc)
  • Coordination btw the two is essential
  • The WRA and Team need to be on same page

22
COMMUNICATION
  • Constraints and framework that firefighters work
    under
  • SAFETY WILL ALWAYS BE NUMBER
    ONE
  • Suppression is not the time for policy discussions

23
IMPROVEMENT
  • WHO CARES ABOUT WILDERNESS?
  • good firefighters do
  • (really!)

24
IMPROVEMENT
  • TO MAKE A GOOD FIREFIGHTER
  • ATTITUDE
  • EDUCATION

25
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26
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27
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28
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29
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30
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31
MIST What, When, Why, How
  • Concept minimum forces necessary to achieve
    given objectives
  • Goal halt or delay fire spread within
    predetermined parameters with least possible
    impact
  • MIST is not separate from regular fire
    suppression, it is a mindset

32
Our Job on Wilderness Fires
  • Ensure the safety of ourselves, other fire
    personnel, and the public
  • Accomplish the incident objectives tasked to us
    in a safe, effective, and timely manner
  • Utilize MIST
  • Plan for rehabilitation efforts and implement as
    needed

33
Our Job on Wilderness Fires
  • Seek out and understand the unique and sensitive
    features of our assigned area. Know what they
    are, where they are, and what to do about them
  • Be good stewards of land we temporarily inhabit
  • Collaborate with WRA

34
Your Job When Working With Us
  • Know your Wilderness Area
  • Sensitive features what are they, where are
    they, how do they effect us
  • Locate Natural Fuel Breaks/Holding Features
  • Locate Potential Camp Areas
  • Locate helispots

35
Your Job When Working With Us
  • Locate water sources
  • Identify hazards
  • Collaborate with Fire Management and suppression
    resources

36
Your attitude, communications skills, and
willingness to collaborate/compromise will
determine your success and happiness
37
Wilderness Suppression Tactics
Wilderness Suppression Tactics
  • Safety is always our highest priority
  • All tactics based on Appropriate Management
    Response and Incident Objectives

38
Wilderness Suppression Tactics
  • 5 Elements of Wilderness Fire Suppression
  • Monitor
  • Burnout
  • Line Construction
  • Combination
  • Mop up

39
Monitor
Monitor
  • Line Officer and Management Team decision
  • Know your area, YOU may be sought for technical
    advice
  • Based on fuels/weather/topography/ values at
    risk

40
Monitor
  • Long-term fire behavior predictions required
  • May only occur on some parts of fire

41
Burnout
  • Containment of a wildfire, or sections of a
    wildfire by igniting unburned fuels between
    holding features and the main fire
  • Utilize natural holding features
  • Rock scree
  • Timberline
  • Wet meadows
  • Rivers/lakes
  • Trails

42
Burnout
  • Construct line where necessary
  • Prep holding features as needed
  • Aerial ignition
  • LCES

43
Line Construction
  • Cold trail
  • Wet line
  • Trail improvement
  • Hand line
  • Machine
  • Combination

44
Coldtrail
45
Wet Line
46
Handline
47
Trail Improvement
48
Handline
49
Machine
50
Combination
  • Most widely used
  • Assess the fire area and fire behavior
  • Strategy monitor where feasible, utilize
    natural holding features at every opportunity,
    burnout where appropriate, use water when its
    available, utilize trails, build hand line to
    connect the dots

51
Mop Up
  • Eliminate hazard trees
  • Mop up only what is absolutely necessary to hold
    our line
  • Angle-cut or beaver-cut felled trees
  • Blacken stumps
  • Reduced mop up standards may require increased
    monitoring

52
Logistics
  • Fundamental to any operation
  • Pre-planning is key
  • Hotshot Crews are self-sufficient for 24 hours

53
Camp
  • Safe location, near the work area
  • Preferably a non-sensitive area
  • Dispersed camping and travel
  • Designated toilet areas
  • We police ourselves
  • Supplied by helicopter or pack train

54
Spike
55
Medical
  • Helicopter medivac sites will be identified,
    improved, and constructed as necessary
  • Non-negotiable

56
Hazmat
  • Hazardous materials are kept away from water
    sources and sensitive areas whenever possible
  • When conducting portable pump operations, all
    prudent precautions will be exercised to prevent
    hazmat spilling

57
Rehabilitation
  • WRA works with fire management to determine
    rehab standards
  • Mitigate evidence and effects of camp locations
  • Rehabilitate constructed line as appropriate
  • Mitigate visual effects of felled trees and
    brush
  • Provide for erosion control as appropriate

58
Summary
  • Our job is to accomplish the incident objectives
    assigned to us in the safest, most efficient
    manner, while causing the least environmental
    impact possible, in both the long and short term

59
  • As Wilderness Resource Advisors, you can make
    both our job and your job much easier by planning
    ahead, knowing your area, and compiling your
    information in a clear, concise, deliverable
    format

60
  • Create a map of your wilderness area and
    identify
  • Sensitive/Critical features
  • Potential camp locations
  • Potential holding features
  • Fuel types/changes
  • Water sources
  • Existing/Potential helicopter landing zones
  • Hazards
  • Trails

61
What MIST Means to US
  • Most
  • Intelligent
  • Sensible
  • Tactics

62
SUMMARY
  • SAFETY IS NUMBER ONE, AND IS THE REASON BEHIND
    OUR DECISIONS
  • COMMUNICATION IS KEY
  • FLEXIBILTY AND TRADE-OFFS A MUST
  • EDUCATION

63
QUESTIONS ???
64
MIMA
  • What is it?
  • How is it different from MIST?
  • Has MIMA been transmitted to the fire world?
  • Is the change official?
  • How will it effect firefighters?
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