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Causes of Imperialism

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Anglo-Saxon Superiority developed belief that English-speaking nations had ... Anglo-Saxon Superiority. Josiah Strong. Popular American minister ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Causes of Imperialism


1
Causes of Imperialism
  • Objective 6.01

2
Background
  • After Civil War Americans interested in
  • Reconstructing the South
  • Settling the West
  • Building up industry
  • Not wanting to expand

3
Change of Course
  • Opinion on expansion begins to shift in 1880s
  • Desire to make U.S. a world power

4
What is imperialism?
  • Economic and political domination of a strong
    nation over weaker nations

5
Reasons for Imperialism
  • Desire for New Markets
  • Feelings of Superiority
  • Need for More Room
  • Assertion of National Power

6
1Desire for New Markets
  • When U.S. was focusing inward, European nations
    began expanding
  • High tariffs in European nations caused them to
    start expanding their trade to other countries

7
  • U.S. took notice and decided that the nation had
    to follow the trend to keep the economy strong

8
2Feelings of Superiority
  • Applied Social Darwinismwith nations competing
    with each other, only the strongest and fittest
    would survive
  • This was justification for the expansion of power

9
  • Anglo-Saxon Superiority developed belief that
    English-speaking nations had superior character,
    ideas, and systems of government
  • Therefore destined to dominate the planet

10
Anglo-Saxon Superiority
  • Popular in U.S. and Britain
  • Seen as a part of the idea of Manifest Destiny
  • Was destiny of U.S. to expand overseas and spread
    its civilization to others

11
Josiah Strong
  • Popular American minister
  • Anglo-Saxonism should be linked to Christian
    Missionary ideas
  • Christians were their brothers keeper
  • Caused American support of imperialism to grow

12
White Mans Burden
  • Poem by Rudyard Kipling
  • Response to U.S. involvement in Philippines
  • Burden, or responsibility, of the white man to
    spread ideas and beliefs
  • Can be interpreted as support or a warning

13
3Need for More Room
  • Frederick Jackson Turner
  • Wrote The Significance of the American Frontier
  • With frontier closed, America will need a wider
    field of influence
  • Caused more acceptance

14
4Assertion of National Power
  • America wanted to be seen as a world
    powerespecially in Europe
  • This would happen through economic gain
  • Began to practice mercantilismtheory that a
    country should sell more than it purchases

15
Modern Navy
  • Capt. Alfred Mahan stated that in order for a
    country to protect its trading and interests
    overseas, a strong navy was needed to protect
    merchant ships
  • He also believed that navy bases should be set up
    overseas

16
CLOSURE
  • What is the White Mans Burden?
  • Does the U.S. have the duty and responsibility or
    right to intervene in foreign affairs with other
    countries- explain and justify your answer!
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