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Joint Workshop Applied Sciences Objectives


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Title: Joint Workshop Applied Sciences Objectives

Joint Workshop Applied Sciences Objectives
  • Ed Sheffner
  • Applied Sciences Program

Presentation Topics
  • Where and how the Applied Sciences Program fits
    in NASAs mandate and strategic plan.
  • Programmatic objectives and approach of Applied
  • Objectives of the agricultural efficiency,
    carbon management and invasive species program
    elements in this workshop.

NASA and Applied Sciences
  • NASA is a research and development agency
    formed in 1958 with responsibility for all US
    government, non-military aeronautic and space
    activities. Agency objectives (from 1958)
  • Expansion of knowledge of atmospheric phenomena
  • Development and operation of vehicles carrying
    instruments in space
  • Establishment of long range studies of the
    potential benefits accrued through the
    utilization of space for scientific purposes
  • Assurance of US leadership in space science and
    technology and the application of that technology
    in peaceful activities within and outside the
    atmosphere and,
  • Cooperation with other nations in the pursuit of
    peaceful application of NASA developed

NASA Strategic Goals
  1. Fly the Shuttle as safely as possible until its
    retirement, not later than 2010.
  2. Complete the International Space Station in a
    manner consistent with NASAs international
    partner commitments and the need of human
  3. Develop a balanced overall program of science,
    exploration, and aeronautics consistent with the
    redirection of the human spaceflight program to
    focus on exploration.
  4. Bring a Crew Exploration Vehicle into service as
    soon as possible after Shuttle retirement.
  5. Encourage the pursuit of appropriate partnerships
    with the emerging commercial space sector.
  6. Establish a lunar return program having the
    maximum possible utility for later missions to
    Mars and other destinations.

NASA 2006 Strategic Plan
Strategic Goal 3
  • Study Earth from space to advance scientific
    understanding and meet societal needs.
  • Understand the Sun and its effects on Earth and
    the solar system.
  • Advance scientific knowledge of the origin and
    history of the solar system, the potential for
    life elsewhere, and the hazards and resources
    present as humans explore space.
  • Discover the origin, structure, evolution and
    destiny of the universe, and search for
    Earth-like planets.
  • Advance knowledge in the fundamental disciplines
    of aeronautics, and develop technologies for
    safer aircraft and higher capacity airspace
  • Understand the effects of the space environment
    on human performance, and test new technologies
    and countermeasures for long duration space

NASA Organization
  • Four Mission Directorates
  • Aeronautics
  • Exploration Systems
  • Space Operations
  • Science (four divisions)
  • 1. Astrophysics
  • 2.Earth Science
  • Flight/missions
  • Research
  • Applied Sciences
  • 3. Heliophysics
  • 4. Planetary Science

Goals of the Applied Sciences Program
  • Extend NASA Earth science capabilities and
    results to maximize return-on-investment by
    addressing issues with substantial social and
    economic benefits.
  • Enhance the decision making process of
    operational agencies through the incorporation of
    NASA capabilities - observations, m,easurements,
    predictive models and Earth sciecne research

Applied Sciences ProgramGuidelines
  • Select projects through open, competitive
  • Use existing infrastructure for data archiving,
    distribution and product generation.
  • Define projects, and identify decision support
    tools, through partnerships with organizations
    with operational responsibilities.

Applied Sciences ProgramProcesses
  • Solutions networks (identification)
  • Rapid prototyping (evaluation)
  • Integrated systems solutions (implementation)

Solutions Networks Consider the results from
NASA funded research in the six science focus
areas of the Earth Science Division -
Atmospheric composition - Carbon cycle and
ecosystems - Climate variability and change -
Earth surface and interior - Water and energy
cycle - Weather Identify potential improvements
in the decision support tools within the
portfolio of projects in the Applied Sciences
Rapid Prototyping Use specific research results
in simulated operational environments to evaluate
components and/or configurations for integrated
systems solutions with the specific decision
support tools within the portfolio of projects in
the Applied Sciences Program.
Integrated System Solution A rigorous systems
engineering process that describes
(evaluates) the state of a decision support
tool/system, verifies and validates new data
products and other enhancements in the decision
making process, and, benchmarks the
performance of the assimilation of NASA
research results and capabilities in the
decision making process.
Integrated System Solution Example
NASA/FAS partnership
What the Applied Sciences Program Prefers Not to
  • Develop new algorithms
  • Create new decision support tools
  • Provide long term support for infrastructure
  • Provide support for operational activities
  • Fund the research of other agencies
  • The Program may participate in projects in which
    these activities occur, but those tasks will be
    supported by someone other than NASA, e.g., the

Current NASAEarth Observing Systems
  • Aqua Aura
  • CALIPSO Cloudsat
  • CHAMP Cluster (with ESA)
  • EO-1 FAST
  • Geotail (with Japan GOES-M
  • JASON-1 Landsat-7
  • NOAA-M(POES) Polar
  • QuickSCAT SAGE III (with Russia)
  • SeaWinds (with Japan) SORCE
  • TRMM (with Japan)
  • Land observations

Planned NASAEarth Observing Systems
  • Aquarius (2009)
  • GPM (2010)
  • LDCM (under review)
  • NPP (under review)
  • NPOESS (under review)
  • OSTM (2008)
  • OCO (2008)
  • Land observations

Applications Areas Defined byNASA, NRC and GEOSS
Workshop Objectives
  • Foster communication between the research and
    applied sciences communities
  • For agricultural efficiency, carbon management
    and invasive species
  • - Consider the program element objectives as
    described in the current Roadmap.
  • - Consider the goals for the next 5 years for
    the program element in light of community
    requirements and NASA Earth science
    capabilities and research results.
  • - Provide comments and recommendations to

Workshop Objectives (cont.)
  • Communication
  • - Presentations
  • - Poster sessions
  • - Break-out group discussions
  • - Special sessions
  • - Person-to-person
  • - Written notes
  • - On-line comments The success of the
    workshop is dependent on the capture of the
    comments and recommendations.

Contact Information
  • Ed Sheffneredwin.j.sheffner_at_nasa.gov202-358-0239
  • At this workshop 202-253-9953