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CITES and Plants

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CITES requires for wild Appendix I plants ... Insufficient resources to implement Article IV of CITES ... must be CITES registered. Transaction must ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CITES and Plants


1
CITES and Plants
  • A Users Guide
  • Version 3.0

2
What This Presentation Will Cover
  • Aims and implementation of the Convention
  • Plant groups covered by CITES
  • Enforcement of the Convention

3
Aims and Implementation
4
Why Protect Wild Plants?
  • Unsustainable international trade in wild plants
    may threaten the survival of wild populations

5
Aims of the Convention
  • To regulate and monitor the international trade
    in selected species of plants and animals
  • To ensure that international trade does not
    endanger the survival of populations in the wild

6
Parties to the Convention
Non-Party 2003
Party 2003
7
CITES Authorities
Management Authority
Scientific Authority
CITES Secretariat
8
CoPs and Committees
Plants Committee
9
The Appendices
Appendix I
Appendix II
Appendix III
gt300 species
gt25,000 species
gt30 species
10
Appendix I
  • Trade in wild plants prohibited for commercial
    purposes
  • Trade in artificially propagated plants allowed,
    subject to permit

11
Appendix II
  • Trade in wild and artificially propagated plants
    allowed for commercial non- commercial
    purposes, subject to permit

12
Appendix III
  • Trade in wild and artificially propagated plants
    allowed for commercial non- commercial
    purposes, subject to permit

13
Export Permits
  • Issued by the Management Authority
  • Scientific Authority must advise that export will
    not be detrimental to the survival of the species
    in the wild
  • The Non-Detriment Statement

14
Import Permits
  • CITES requires for wild Appendix I plants
  • Some countries, for example member states of the
    European Union, require import permits for all
    species treated as Appendix I or Appendix II

15
Certificates of Origin
16
Summary
  • International convention with over 160 Parties
  • COPs and Committees
  • Appendices species lists
  • Permit system

17
Plant Groups Covered by CITES
18
More Plants than Animals!
19
Plants, Parts and Derivatives
20
Orchid Species
21
Orchid Hybrids
22
Cacti
23
Cacti Seeds
24
Carnivorous Plants
25
Carnivorous Plants - Dionaea muscipula
26
Galanthus
27
Cyclamen
28
Aloe
29
Succulent Euphorbia
30
Cycads
31
Palms
32
Tree Ferns
33
Timber - Appendix I
34
Timber - Appendix II and III
Swietenia
Pericopsis
Gonystylus
Major trade routes
35
Medicinal Plants
36
Exemptions
37
Summary
  • Plant groups controlled
  • Parts, derivatives and products
  • Exemptions to the controls

38
Enforcement
39
Enforcement
CUSTOMS
40
Problems with Shipments
  • No documents
  • Documents do not match plants
  • Misdeclarations

41
Distinguishing Between Wild and Artificially
Propagated Plants
Artificially Propagated
Wild
Wild
Artificially Propagated
42
Wild Collected Cacti
43
Wild Collected Orchids
44
Seized Plants
  • Numbers
  • Identification
  • Resources
  • Condition

45
Summary
  • Sustainable levels of trade
  • Organisation of CITES
  • Main plant groups
  • Enforcement

46
Conclusion
47
Further Information
  • CITES Secretariat,
  • International Environment House,
  • Chemin des Anémones,
  • CH-1219 Châtelaine,
  • Geneva
  • Switzerland
  • Tel (4122) 917-8139/40
  • Fax (4122) 797-3417
  • Email cites_at_unep.ch
  • URL http//www.cites.org/

48
Additional Slides
49
Parties to the Convention
50
The Appendices
Appendix I gt300 Appendix II gt25,000 Appendix III
gt30
51
Nursery Registration
52
CITES Definition of Artificially Propagated
53
Detecting Detrimental Trade?The Burden on
Exporting Countries
  • Article IV of the convention states that an
    export permit shall only be granted when, inter
    alia,
  • A Scientific Authority of the state of export has
    advised that such export will not be detrimental
    to the survival of that species

54
Detrimental Trade - How and Why?
  • Insufficient resources to implement Article IV of
    CITES
  • Poor implementation of export bans on wild plants
  • Smuggling

55
National CITES Authorities
  • Functions of the Management Authority include
  • representing the Party at CITES meetings
  • preparation of COP proposals
  • receiving input from the Scientific Authority
  • production of annual reports
  • issuing permits and certificates

56
National CITES Authorities
  • Functions of the Scientific Authority include
  • advising the MA that exports are sustainable
  • advising on export quotas
  • preparation of COP proposals
  • reviewing COP proposals
  • advising MA on the facilities for artificial
    propagation

57
CITES Registration of Scientific Institutions
  • Exchange allowed under a simple label system
  • Both institutions must be CITES registered
  • Transaction must be non-commercial
  • Collections must be permanently housed and
    curated
  • Applies to preserved and live plants
  • Material must be legal

58
Newsletters
59
CITES Checklists
60
CITES Identification Manual
61
Tillandsia Air Plants
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