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Medieval%20Europe

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1209: Francis of Assisi founds the Franciscan religious order ... 1217: Dominic's order of wandering preachers, the Friars Preacher (aka ' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval%20Europe


1
Medieval Europe
  • The 13th Century

2
Overview
  • 1202 pope Innocent III claims extensive papal
    power
  • 1204 Constantinople looted by Crusaders
  • Fourth Crusade
  • 1209 Francis of Assisi founds the Franciscan
    religious order
  • 1212 Iberian Muslims crushed in Spanish Crusade
  • 1215
  • English king John seals the Magna Carta
  • Fourth Lateran Council meets in Rome
  • 1217 Dominics order of wandering preachers,
    the Friars Preacher (aka Dominicans) given
    papal recognition

3
Overview (cont.)
  • 1227 Ulrich von Lichtensteins Venusfahrt
  • 1241 beginning of the Hanseatic League
  • 1250 death of Frederick II of Hohenstaufen
  • Stupor Mundi
  • 1255 the Church approved use of torture in the
    hunt for heretics
  • c. 1280 Marco Polo at the Great Khans court
  • c. 1290 the invention of spectacles
  • in Italy

4
Pope Innocent III
  • R. 1198-1216
  • The most powerful of the medieval popes
  • well educated in both canon law and theology
  • the dominant figure in Europe during his papacy

5
Francis of Assisi
  • 1182-1226
  • Founder of the Franciscan Order and one of the
    most honored saints of the Catholic faith
  • Below trying to convert the Egyptian sultan

6
St. Francis (cont.)
  • The patron saint of ecology

7
The Franciscans
  • The order was founded in 1209 by St. Francis
  • Poverty and the Regula primitiva
  • primitive rule
  • c. 1300 violent disputes between the Spirituals
    and the Conventuals

8
St. Dominic
  • 1170-1221
  • Founder of the Order of Friars Preachers
  • the Dominicans
  • express purpose to preach against and otherwise
    combat heresy
  • right Dominic oversees the burning of
    unacceptable books

9
Dominican friars
  • Like the Franciscans, they sought to challenge
    the wealth and laxity of the older monastic orders

10
The Courtly Lover
  • Below the remarkable Ulrich von Lichtenstein

11
Stupor Mundi
  • Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen
  • 1194-1250
  • De arte venandi cum avibus

12
The great dispute
  • Right a representation of God with the pope and
    the emperor
  • Whose authority is hereby greatest?
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