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Psychology of Religion


Psychology of Religion. Chris Dykhuisen. Honors 201. November 4, 2003. William James (1842-1910) ... Austrian psychiatrist famous for theory of Individual Psychology ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Psychology of Religion

Psychology of Religion
  • Chris Dykhuisen
  • Honors 201
  • November 4, 2003

William James(1842-1910)
  • US psychologist and philosopher
  • Varieties of Religious Experience (1903)
  • Institutional vs. personal religion
  • Against dogmatism

Alfred Adler(1870-1937)
  • Austrian psychiatrist famous for theory of
    Individual Psychology
  • Belief in God characteristic of ones tendency to
    strive for perfection and superiority
  • Ideas about God important indicators how we see
    the world
  • View embodies our goals and directs our social

Gordon Allport(1897-1967)
  • Important contributor to personality psychology
    through trait theory
  • The Individual and His Religion helps show
    Allports interest in people as individuals the
    book discussed how people use religion in
    different ways
  • Mature religioncharacterized by those whose
    approach to religion is dynamic and open-minded

More Allport
  • Immature religionself-serving and generally
    represents negative stereotypes
  • Religious orientation Intristic vs. Extrinsic
  • Example Intrinsic people attend church for
    religious purposes while extrinsic people attend
    as a means of meeting people or coping with
    everyday stress

Abraham Maslow(1908-1970)
  • Hierarchy of Needs Self-Actualization
  • Motivation of religion is to move towards a goal
    that is both individual and community centered
  • Self-Actualization achieves this through setting
    rules for everyday life while at the same time
    explaining why the rules are important

More Maslow
  • Maslow contibuted heavily to what is now
    Transpersonal Psychology, or the study of the
    spiritual well-being of individuals
  • Transpersonal psychologists blend both Eastern
    and Western religion with modern psychology
  • Often reject mainstream psychologys adoption of
    scientific methods

Erik Erikson(1902-1994)
  • Known for psychosocial stages consisting of
    crises and virtues
  • Psychohistory of Gandhi and Martin Luther reveal
    positive influence of religion on culture
  • Cultures use religion to promote the learning of
    virtues which leads to healthy personality

Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung(1856-1939) and
  • Freud saw religion as originating from the
    child/father relationship as God is seen as
    Heavenly Father
  • Jungs archetypes, or mythical heroes, could be
    seen as God-like since they are outside the
    individuals ego
  • Jung was also interested in uniting Eastern and
    Western religious ideas

Works Cited
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