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Philosophy of Religion

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Chapter 1: THE CONCEPT OF GOD. 1. THE GOD OF THE (ANCIENT) GREEKS. Plato: 1. What are the ... G. Agnosticism. H. Anthropomorphized. I. believes in god(s) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Philosophy of Religion


1
Philosophy of Religion
  • Quiz 1
  • The God of Philosophy
  • Ch. 1, 2, 3

2
Chapter 1 THE CONCEPT OF GOD 1. THE GOD OF THE
(ANCIENT) GREEKS
  • Plato
  • 1. What are the approximate years of Platos
    life?
  • 2. Which two Abrahamic religions did Plato
    influence?
  • 3. What was the name of Platos teacher?

3
Chapter 1 THE CONCEPT OF GOD 1. THE GOD OF THE
(ANCIENT) GREEKS
  • Plato cont
  • 4. Did Plato believe in absolute or relative
    morality and knowledge?
  • 5. Did the Sophists believe in absolute or
    relative morality and knowledge?
  • 6. Which Sophist said Man is the measure of all
    things.?

4
Chapter 1 THE CONCEPT OF GOD 1. THE GOD OF THE
(ANCIENT) GREEKS
  • Plato cont
  • 7. Define Analogy
  • 8. Which one of the following does NOT describe
    the Theory of the Forms
  • i. Essential
  • ii. Invisible
  • iii. Independent
  • iv. Relative

5
Chapter 1 THE CONCEPT OF GOD 1. THE GOD OF THE
(ANCIENT) GREEKS
  • Plato cont
  • 9. What is the name of the divine creator in
    which Plato believed?
  • 10. Which popularizer of Christianity was born a
    Jew, educated Greek, and raised Roman citizen?
  • 11. What does Platos Form of the Good become
    in Christian theology?

6
Chapter 1 THE CONCEPT OF GOD 1. THE GOD OF THE
(ANCIENT) GREEKS
  • Aristotle
  • 12. What are the approximate years of Aristotles
    life?
  • 13. Which two Abrahamic religions did Aristotle
    influence?
  • 14. What was the name of Aristotles teacher?
  • 15. T or F? Aristotle thought that the Forms were
    not independent of things, but rather within
    things.

7
Chapter 1 THE CONCEPT OF GOD 1. THE GOD OF THE
(ANCIENT) GREEKS
  • Aristotle
  • 16. Name Aristotles four types of causes.
  • 17. What did Aristotle call the mechanical force
    that started everything?
  • 18. Which Christian theologian was influenced by
    Aristotle and influenced Christianity with
    Aristotles ideas?

8
Chapter 1 THE CONCEPT OF GOD2. THE GOD OF
CLASSICAL THEISM
  • I. believes in god(s)
  • J. single, omnipotent, omniscient, omnibenevolent
  • K. one god
  • L. god is in the world
  • M. Many gods, one god is supreme
  • N. god does not exist
  • O. uncertain about god's existence
  • P. something non human is spoken of in human terms
  • Classical Theism
  • 19. Matching
  • A. Theist
  • B. God of Classical Theism
  • C. Monotheism
  • D. Panentheism
  • E. Henotheism
  • F. Atheism
  • G. Agnosticism
  • H. Anthropomorphized

9
Chapter 2 THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (1)
  • 20. A Cosmological argument is one which starts
    with looking at
  • i. The nature of the universe
  • ii. The definition of God
  • iii. The function of things
  • 21. Which one is NOT another name for the
    cosmological argument
  • i. causal argument
  • ii. first cause argument
  • iii. a priori argument

10
Chapter 2 THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (2)
  • 22. Define kalam.
  • 23. T or F? scholasticism was and attempt to
    integrate reason and faith during the 11th-15th
    centuries in European universities.
  • 24. Name two Muslim philosophers relevant to the
    Cosmological argument.

11
Chapter 2 THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (3)
  • 25. Choose the central premise of the
    cosmological argument
  • i. infinity is possible
  • ii. actually infinity is not possible
  • iii. Theoretical infinity is not possible
  • 26. What years did Aquinas live?
  • 27. List the three facts about the world Aquinas
    bases his first three arguments on.
  • 28. Aquinas makes a version of this argument in
    the first ?? Of his ?? ways.

12
Chapter 2 THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (4)
  • 29. The Principle of sufficient reason says there
    must be a reason for ?
  • 30. Which recent philosopher, in a conversation
    with History of Philosophy scholar F. Copleston,
    rejected principle of sufficient reason, the
    meaningfulness of the idea of contingency and
    accused the cosmological argument of committing
    the fallacy of composition?
  • 31. Did Hume think we are justified in our belief
    in causation?

13
Chapter 2 THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (5)
  • 32. T or F Mill said the idea of a first cause
    is self contradictory.
  • 33. T or F Kant said that causation only makes
    sense in the sensible world, it is not something
    you can talk about applying to the existence of
    the universe.
  • 34. T or F. Swinburne thinks the cosmological
    argument is good, as it is the simplest
    explanation of the universe.

14
Ch. 3THE TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT
  • 35. Another name for the teleological argument is
    the argument from ?? .
  • 36. In William Paleys version, he makes an
    analogy between the ?? and a ?? .
  • 37. Is the teleological argument deductive,
    inductive, or abductive?

15
Ch. 3THE TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (2)
  • 38. Match the columns
  • A. Deductive
  • B. Inductive
  • C. Abductive
  • A form of argument in which
  • D. the truth of conclusion follows necessarily
    from true premises
  • E. the best explanation is given
  • F. the probability of the conclusion is
    established through repeated observation

16
Ch. 3THE TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (2)
  • 39. Who made this critique
  • - the universe is not orderly
  • order is not always the result of design
  • design does not presuppose intelligence
  • the universe could be better
  • 40. Who replied, saying
  • the universe is orderly (if you look at it over
    time)
  • as far as we know, order is always the result of
    design
  • design does presuppose intelligence
  • the universe works just fine, thanks!

17
Ch. 3THE TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (3)
  • 41. What advantage does Darwins theory of
    evolution have over the teleological argument,
    from an abductive perspective?
  • 42. Give and example of what Dawkins means by
    Utility function?
  • 43. Who first articulated the Anthropic
    principle and the Aesthetic argument for gods
    existence?
  • 44. Which philosopher provided a reply that
    included What hubris!?

18
  • 45. What is your name?
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