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Women and sustainable development

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women have a higher incidence of poverty then men; ... women, particularly associated with rising rates of female headship of household ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Women and sustainable development


1
Women and sustainable development
  • Women and environment
  • Women in rural communities
  • Women in urban setting

2
Poverty has a womens face
  • Out of 1.3 billion people living in poverty, 70
    percent are women.
  • women have a higher incidence of poverty then
    men
  • womens poverty is more severe that than of men
  • there is a trend to greater poverty among women,
    particularly associated with rising rates of
    female headship of household
  • Governance does not always lead to poverty
    reduction
  • Due to the gendered nature of institutions
    themselves better governance does not always lead
    to improved female status (private sphere of
    political and social institutions)
  • more constrained and weaker entitlements
  • more frequent entitlement failure, or lower
    returns from translating entitlements and
    endowments into capabilities
  • a lesser degree of choice over determining
    capabilities

3
Women and environment
  • Environmental security and sustainable
    development
  • Ecofeminism
  • Gendered nature of resources (land, capital,
    labor)
  • Natural hazards and impact on women

4
Women in rural areas
  • Changes in technology and gender roles in
    productions
  • Division of labor in rural societies
  • Human capital and new labor opportunities
  • Impact of agricultural modernization on women
  • Land reform
  • Capitalist penetration
  • Commercialization
  • Mechanization

5
Women in urban centers
  • Migration in urban centers
  • Marginalization in employment
  • Informal sector
  • Separation between domestic and public
  • Gender division of labor
  • Feminization of poverty
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