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Barriers to the adoption of ECDIS

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Operators present want ECDIS and where they lead the rest of the industry will follow ... Asia, Europe and North America. Cruise, Container, Bulker, Tanker ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Barriers to the adoption of ECDIS


1
Barriers to the adoption of ECDIS
  • Summary of Key Findings
  • IHO WEND Meeting April 7th 2005

The Hailwood Report
2
Background
  • 2nd International ECDIS Conference 2003
    Singapore
  • Operators present want ECDIS and where they lead
    the rest of the industry will follow
  • Regulators identify significant benefits to
    Marine Safety and Environmental protection
  • But ----
  • There are so many operational issues that both
    groups are disillusioned and losing interest
  • How far have we really moved since ECDIS 1 in
    1996 ?
  • Dont give me excuses, give me ENCs !!
  • So ---
  • MPA and UKHO commissioned survey to identify
    needs and views of real customers, operating real
    ships in a real commercial environment

3
Question
  • What are the main operational issues delaying
    the adoption of ECDIS aboard merchant ships ?

4
The Hailwood Report
  • Capt Paul Hailwood
  • Master Mariner 20 years at sea
  • Electronic Charts since 1996
  • Operator Training at Warsash
  • Consulting on bridge procedures etc
  • Assignments for PO, Carnival, RFA and, most
    recently, QM II
  • Advised MCA on MGN 194 Risk Assessment and
    appropriate paper folio with ECDIS

5
  • Phase 1 - Seafarers Questionnaire
  • Phase 2 - Ship-owner Interviews
  • Asia, Europe and North America
  • Cruise, Container, Bulker, Tanker
  • Conclusions consistent with ECDIS Conference
    feedback, user groups etc.

6
  • FINDINGS

7
Sea-farers Questionnaire 1
  • Who are they ?
  • What is their employment ?
  • What is their experience with electronic charts?
  • What is their level of understanding ?

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11
Observations 1
  • A good cross-section of mariners
  • Worrying level of confusion over difference
    between ECDIS and ECS
  • Just over 60 considered they had Good to Average
    understanding of e.g. Backup Arrangements, ENC,
    SOLAS etc
  • Less than 50 of RENCs, RCDS etc

12
Seafarers Questionnaire 2
  • What do they think of ECDIS ?
  • Have they experienced any of the commonly
    reported limitations ?
  • What would be important to them if navigating
    using ECDIS?
  • How highly do they value commonly mentioned
    benefits ?
  • What would they like to see improved?

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18
Observations 2
  • ECDIS is only rated higher or similar to ECS on
    accuracy and completeness but
  • These are also the aspects which they value most
    highly
  • Many have had bad experience with most other
    aspects
  • Many of the limitations highlighted are
    hardware/display related
  • Many disliked alarm function
  • Ease of update and good situational awareness in
    real time highlighted as key benefits

19
Quotations
  • Seafarers were given an opportunity to state
    benefits in their own words they said-
  • ECDIS is extremely useful in areas of traffic
    density when used with target overlay from ARPA
    ---
  • Would do away with the drudgery of manually
    correcting a large collection of charts.
    Monotonous work is a source of human error.
    Tendency to such work whilst on watch instead of
    keeping proper lookout would be curbed

20
Structured Interviews 1
  • Who are they ?
  • What type of ships do you operate ?
  • How many ships do you operate ?
  • Where do you trade ?
  • What is your experience with ECDIS ?

21
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23
Observations 1
  • A good cross-section was interviewed representing
    key vessel types, regions and fleet sizes.
  • There was good first hand experience of using
    electronic charting.

24
Structured Interviews 2
  • What do they think of ECDIS ?
  • What would motivate them to adopt ECDIS ?
  • What would discourage them ?
  • What is their perception of ECDIS ?
  • Do they understand the regulations ?
  • What would they like to see improved ?

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27
GENERAL VIEWS OF ENC
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30
Observations 2
  • Improved situational awareness scores very highly
    this group is concerned about safety
  • They also like the safety implications of easy
    updating
  • They lack confidence that issues will be
    addressed and resolved
  • Potential benefit from better situational
    awareness is negated by shortcomings
  • Concerns over data quality how it is
    displayed and presented

31
Quotations
  • Owners also made some telling comments they
    said-
  • I believe there is a 50 improvement in safety
    due to situational awareness by using electronic
    charts.
  • It is not simply the ability to save one
    persons time, what is required is an efficient
    method that ensures the quality, accuracy and
    reliability of the Chart corrections.
  • If there was an official system, covering all
    the trade routes that could replace paper charts,
    I would have it tomorrow.
  • I can take my sailing boat into most marinas in
    Europe using an ENC but not a VLCC from the
    Persian Gulf to Japan, why?

32
Human Factors
  • Not in original brief but it became apparent that
    human factors issues should also be considered
  • Meetings with MAIB and Lloyds Register
  • Highlighted that electronic charts-
  • Should bring significant benefits to safety by
    reducing reduce fatigue and workload
  • Can partly compensate for poor navigational
    practice.
  • Should allow more time for visual watch keeping
  • More attention could have been given to human
    factors when developing the ECDIS standard

33
Report Conclusions
  • Electronic charting is viewed positively
  • It has potential to significantly improve safety
    and efficiency
  • There is much confusion over the regulations
  • The distinction between ECDIS and ECS is blurred
  • ECDIS does not rate as highly on quality as it
    should
  • Users attach high importance to accuracy and
    quality
  • Users see a direct link between operational
    efficiency and safety
  • Global ENC coverage essential
  • Pricing a concern

34
Recommendations
  • International hydrographic community must-
  • Review/improve quality of ENC
  • Take the lead in providing clearer guidance on
    regulations particularly the distinction between
    ECDIS and ECS
  • Promote Safety through Efficiency
  • Promote awareness of Human factors fatigue,
    overload etc
  • Clarify pricing, licensing etc

35
MPA/UKHO conclusion
  • There is a significant gap between the needs of
    the customers and the products and services on
    offer from the hydrographic community
  • No single organisation can address all of these
    issues alone it is time to join forces and work
    together
  • The international hydrographic community cannot
    afford to ignore the implications of this report
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