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An Overview of ICT and OSS in Bangladesh


The need for ICT in Bangladesh. Background development of ICT in Bangladesh ... a rampant problem that threatens to derail the country's economic aspirations. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An Overview of ICT and OSS in Bangladesh

An Overview of ICT and OSS in Bangladesh
  • Presentation
  • by
  • Sayeed Rahman
  • Founder of BANGLA IT
  • at
  • 3rd Asia Open Source Software
  • Symposium, Hanoi Vietnam
  • March, 2004
  • http//

Outline of Presentation
  • The need for ICT in Bangladesh
  • Background development of ICT in Bangladesh
  • Overview of Bangladesh Economy
  • The need for OSS in Bangladesh
  • Present Position of OSS in Bangladesh
  • Present position of ICT in Bangladesh
  • Future Plan for OSS in Bangladesh

The need for ICT in Bangladesh
  • ICT plays an indispensable role in promoting
    openness, accessibility,accountability,
    connectivity, democracy and decentralization- all
    the soft qualities so essential for effective
    social, economic, and political development.
  • Bangladesh needs the capacity to network with
    people, ideas and initiatives. This is as
    critical and fundamental to nation building as
    water, agriculture, health and housing, and
    without it, Bangladeshs democracy could founder.

Background development of ICT in Bangladesh
  • Computer use started back in 1964 by Atomic
    Energy Center, Dhaka and Universities, first main
    frame computer came to Bangladesh in 1964
  • The Internet came late in Bangladesh, with UUCP
    e-mail beginning in 1993 and IP connectivity in
    1996 . By July 1997 there were an estimated 5,500
    IP and UUCP accounts. Source http//
  • In June, 1996 the government decided to allow
    private companies to act as Internet Services
    Providers (ISPs) using VSATs.
  • In June 1997, the Government of Bangladesh
    appointed a Committee to look into the problems
    and prospects of export of software from
    Bangladesh. The Committee submitted its report in
    September, 1997.
  • http//
  • The government has taken a decision on June, 1998
    to withdraw all import duties and VAT from all
    computer hardware and software. This has brought
    the prices of computers down to a level
    affordable by middle income households

Overview of Bangladesh Economy
  • Population 146.7 million (UN, 2003)
  • Area Total 144,000 sq km
  • Purchasing Power Parity 1,800 (2002 est.)
  • Average annual income US 360 (World Bank, 2001)
  • GDP - real growth rate 5.6 (2001 est.)
  • Population below poverty line 36
  • Unemployment rate 35 (2001 est.)
  • Literacy Rate Total 41 (2001)
  • Exports 6.6 billion (2001)
  • Imports 8.7 billion (2001)
  • Internet domain .bd
  • International dialling code 880

The need for OSS in Bangladesh
  • Open source is especially appealing to developing
    countries such as Bangladesh, which see it as a
    way to help close the technological divide that
    separates rich and poor nations
  • Microsoft Windows and Office cost at least 140
    in Bangladesh -- way out of reach for most
    people, where the per capita annual income is
    roughly 380.
  • The economic logic of using software that's free
    is hard to resist, and more and more countries
    seem willing to take a chance on it. China, Japan
    and South Korea recently announced that they will
    work together to develop an open-source
    alternative to Microsoft
  • The OSS is Bangladeshs solution to software
    piracy, a rampant problem that threatens to
    derail the country's economic aspirations.

Present Position of OSS in Bangladesh
  • Mostly all 50 Software Developing Houses in
    Bangladesh uses OSS like MySQL database server,
    PHP, Perl, Apache web server
  • More than 25 of Total 21 Public and 51 Private
    Universities which producing 6000 ICT related
    graduate every year in Bangladesh uses OSS.
    Bangladesh University of Engineering and
    Technologys Institute of Information and
    Communication Technology (IICT) taking leading
    role to Promote OSS among Academia and Industry
    with BANGLA IT joint initiative
  • Different Universities taking initiative for
    Extensive use of OSS
  • More than 50 Government Ministry offices uses
    OSS like Linux Operating System and MySQL

Present Position of OSS in Bangladesh
  • Total ISP in Bangladesh now operating 62.
    Initially few ISPs started to move to Linux.
    Currently 90 ISPs in Bangladesh are dependent
    on OSS like Linux, Apache, PHP, MySQL, SendMail
  • Bangladeshi ISPs are the pioneer in adopting
  • Linux, PHP, MySQL are the most used OSS in

Present position of ICT in Bangladesh
    Research as of JAN-2004
  • Telecom Infrastructure in Bangladesh
  • 850,000 fixed lines Operated by BTTB- (Government
    monopoly).Next five yrs demand for fixed lines
    will be 3.5 million and experts think BTTB will
    be unable to deliver.
  • 1.8 million Mobile Phones- Operated by Four
    Company Bangladesh is a market now for 13
    million Mobile Phones.Grameen- Current
    subscriber base of GP is 1 million while it has
    coverage in 52 districts including all six
    divisional headquarters.GrameenPhone connections
    would stand at 2 million by 2004.
  • 32,000 Village phones are in operation in 52
    districts, 50,000 Bangladeshi women making living
    as Grameen phone ladies.

Present position of ICT in Bangladesh
  • Internet in Bangladesh
  • Total ISP 62Internet User 2 millionDial-Up
    subscriber accounts 250,000 Broadband
    subscribers accounts 150,000While over half of
    UK households are online, only 0.2 of homes in
    Bangladesh are online
  • Internet Access Charge went down to .20 paisa/min
  • Tk 3000 about 50 for Unlimited Access
  • Broadband-64kbs Tk 10,000/month, 128kbs Tk
  • 512 Kbps Tk 96,000/month Source Grameen

Global Information Superhighway
  • Submarine Cable connection to Global Information
    Superhighway(SEA-ME-WE-4) will be ready for
    service in 2005. It will be built using DWDM
    (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplex) technology
    with 1.28 terabits per second speed

Present position of ICT in Bangladesh
  • ICT Education and Training in Bangladesh
  • Total number of ICT related graduate every year
    Bangladesh producing now about 6000 from 21
    Public and 51 Private Universities.
  • More than 100 IT Training Center providing
    Diploma and Training in IT.
  • A large number of Bangladeshi students are
    studying overseas in Computer related subjects,
    mainly in India.

BANGLA IT Future Plans for OSS in Bangladesh
  • BANGLA IT is trying to make awareness and
    advocacy for OSS in Government and Corporate
    level in Bangladesh
  • BANGLA IT pushing for OSS in Educational
  • Open Source Project Competition in Bangladesh
  • BANGLA IT has a Plan to arrange a International
    Open Source Conference in December 2005 and
    National Open Source Convention in December 2004