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Dr. Turgut Tumer Professor, Middle East Technical University, Turkey

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Strategic choice to acquire capabilities in science and technology, ... Popularisation of science (Books, magazines, journals) International relations ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dr. Turgut Tumer Professor, Middle East Technical University, Turkey


1
Dr. Turgut TumerProfessor,Middle East
Technical University,Turkey
2
  • Former Associate Vice President, TUBITAK
  • Turkey Vision 2023
  • Several Research Industrial Projects
  • MSc and PhD, UK

3
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY OF TURKEYpast,
present and the future
MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
  • Turgut Tümer
  • METU, Dept. of Mech. Eng.
  • tumer_at_metu.edu.tr

Innovation and Competitiveness Practitioners
Workshop 19 April 2004 Istanbul
The World Bank
4
Presentation Plan
  • Milestones of the Turkish ST policy
  • Present ST system of Turkey and indicators
  • Where is Turkey now?
  • What is missing?
  • Planning for the future Vision 2023 Project

5
Milestones in ST Policy of Turkey
  • 1963 Basic research Establishment of TÜBITAK
  • 1972 Strategic research Marmara Research
    Center (TÜBITAK-MAM)
  • 1973 Technology development in five-year plan
  • 1983 Comprehensive ST policies 1983-2003
    Establishment of Supreme Council for ST (SCST)

  • 1993 Revised ST Policies1993-2003 Priority
    areas, National Innovation System
  • 1995 Industrial ST support programme

6
ST System of Turkey (1/8)
  • Institutional framework
  • SCST / TÜBITAK (main actor)
  • Universities / Public Research Institutes /
    Firms
  • State Planning Organisation
  • KOSGEB (SME Org.)
  • TTGV (Tech. Dev. Found.)
  • Turkish Patent Institute (TRIPS)
  • National Metrology Institute (TÜBITAK)
  • Accreditation Board
  • Technology Development Regions Technoparks

7
ST System of Turkey (2/8)
  • SCST in 1989-2003
  • 1989
  • Inaugural meeting
  • 1993
  • Priority Areas of ST / Industrial RD Support
    Program
  • 1997-2003
  • Significant developments / action plans /
    implementations

8
ST System of Turkey (3/8)
  • SCST 1993 Policy Approach
  • Strategic choice to acquire capabilities in
    science and technology,
  • not only to achieve excellence in scientific
    and technological research,
  • but also to turn scientific and technological
    findings into economical and/or social
    benefits.
  • Hence, the present ST Policy of Turkey is based
    on the establishment of a
  • National Innovation System

9
ST System of Turkey (4/8)
  • Current Priority Areas of ST
  • Information and communication
  • Flexible manufacturing and automation
  • Transportation (with particular interest in rail
    transport)
  • Aeronautics, space and defence
  • Genetic engineering and biotechnology (with
    particular emphasis on agricultural applications
    in relation with the South-Western Anatolian
    Project-GAP)
  • Environment friendly technologies and renewable
    energy systems
  • Eartquake related problems and disaster management

10
ST System of Turkey (5/8)
  • TÜBITAK
  • ST policy formulation (Secretariat of SCST)
  • Academic RD support (8 Grant Committees)
  • Industrial RD support (TIDEB)
  • RD manpower development
  • Popularisation of science (Books, magazines,
    journals)
  • International relations
  • In-house research (11 research institutes)
  • RD support services (ULAKBIM, UME, labs.)

11

ST System of Turkey (6/8)
  • 71 Universities
  • 1.900.00 students
  • 1.100.000 undergraduates
  • 110.000 graduates (of which 25.000 Ph.D)
  • 240.000 open university
  • 400.000 vocational training
  • 76.000 academic staff
  • 10.000 Professors
  • 5.500 Associate Professors
  • 12.500 Assistant Professors
  • 150 public RD institutions
  • mostly agriculture, forestry, veterinary
  • 11 research institutes of TUBITAK
  • 1000 firms involved in RD activities (75 SMEs)

12

ST System of Turkey (7/8)
Public Funds for Academic Research
  • 100 M USD/year (excluding personnel)
  • SPO 40 (Adv.Res.Proj.)
  • Ministry of Finance 40 (Sci. Res. Proj.)
  • TÜBITAK 6 (8 Grant Comm.)
  • Other (KOSGEB, ...) 14

13

ST System of Turkey (8/8)
Industrial RD Support
  • TÜBITAK (Grant to the budget)
  • 157 million has been granted since 1995 for 959
    projects
  • TTGV (Soft loan)
  • 130 million has been loaned since 1991 to 351
    projects
  • KOSGEB (various)

14
ST Indicators
  • Outcome in ten years
  • Scientific publications
  • 41(90)1177 ? 25(00)6074 ? 22(02)9303
  • GERD in of GDP
  • 0.32(90) ? 0.64(00)
  • RD realised by business enterprise
  • 20.4(90) ? 33.4(00)
  • RD financed by business enterprise
  • 27.5(90) ? 42.9(00)
  • RD personnel intensity per 10,000 labour force
  • 7.5(90) ? 13.1(00)

15
Where are we now?
  • Turkey on the Globe
  • Demography 1.1
  • GDP (Wealth) 0.6
  • ST (Knowledge) 0.9
  • Turkey in the EU-13 Candidates
  • Demography 37
  • GDP (Wealth) 21
  • ST (Knowledge) 23

One of the opportunities for Turkey is to create
economic and social value added by utilizing
knowledge through technology development...
16
What is missing?
  • Long term, strategic perspective
  • Public awareness / Community support
  • Committment of the Governments
  • Drive for innovation in industry
  • An integrated, well structured Turkish Research
    Area
  • Missing elements and harmonious operation of the
    National Innovation System

17
Missing elements of the NIS
Arikan, Akyos, Durgut, Göker, NIS, TÜSIAD Pub.,
2003
  • Independent assessment institutions
  • National RD programmes in specific areas
  • Diversified RD support instruments
  • Innovation Relay Centres
  • Regional innovation systems
  • National information infrastructure
  • Mobility of researchers
  • Speciliased technology service providers
  • Seed capital, start-up support
  • Venture Capital (investment, management)
  • Public procrument, Off-sets

18
Planning for the future
Two major steps in 2002towards planning for the
future
19
Vision 2023 Project
  • Decision of the
  • Supreme Council of
  • Science and Technology (SCST)
  • A new national ST policy document for the period
    2003-2023 is to be prepared to build a welfare
    society
  • in 2023 100th Anniversary of the Foundation of
    the
  • Turkish Republic

20
Vision 2023 Project
  • Period Jan. 2002 - 2004

21
Turkish Technology Foresight Project -
Organisation
  • Steering Committee
  • 27 Public (Co-ordination TUBITAK)
  • 29 NGOs and Chambers
  • 9 Universities
  • Total of 65 bodies represented by high ranking
    officials and managers

22
Turkish Technology Foresight Project - Methodology
  • Panels
  • 10 sectoral, 2 thematic panels
  • Over 200 meetings in one year
  • Delphi Survey
  • 413 statements and 20 questions in 11 areas
  • Reached 7000 experts / general anouncements
  • Return rate (first round) 34
  • 44.000 statements 105 response/statement

(Technology Demand)
(Technology Supply)
23
Current state of the project
  • 11 Panels have come up with 95 "Technological
    Activity Area - TAA" , by utilising the results
    of the Delphi survey.
  • A road map was prepared for each TAA, which
    includes the list of "Technology Fields - TF"
    needed.
  • Prioritisation of the technology fields in
    progress.
  • Synthesis reports (4 volumes) to appear soon.
  • Strategy Document to be submitted to SCST in
    autumn 2004.

24

MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
  • Thank you
  • for your attention
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