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PEMSEA Network of Local Governments: Strengthening Local Governance in Sustainable Coastal Developme

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Title: PEMSEA Network of Local Governments: Strengthening Local Governance in Sustainable Coastal Developme


1
PEMSEA Network of Local Governments
Strengthening Local Governance in Sustainable
Coastal Development
  • 4th Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts and
    Islands
  • 7-11 April 2008, Hanoi, Vietnam

2
PEMSEA Regional Programme From Demonstration to
Replication
8 ICM demonstration sites 18 ICM parallel sites
Integrated Coastal Management
3
Laying the Foundation for ICM Scaling-up
ICM Codification
  • ICM Scaling-Up
  • 20 of Regional Coastline by 2015
  • ICM Parallel Replication
  • Bataan
  • Shihwa
  • Sukabumi
  • Cavite
  • Quangnam
  • 10 sites in China
  • 3 sites in Bali
  • ICM Demonstration
  • Bali
  • Chonburi
  • Danang
  • Nampho
  • Port Klang
  • Sihanoukville

ICM Working Model
  • ICM Testing
  • Batangas
  • Xiamen

Better Coastal Governance through Stronger Local
Alliance
4
PEMSEA Network of Local Governments
  • PNLG Charter
  • Secretariat in Xiamen
  • PNLG network includes 23 member local governments
    and 7 observer local governments from 9 countries
    across the region
  • PNLG Forum
  • Sharing knowledge and experience
  • Common sustainable development framework
  • Mobilizing political commitment through study
    tours
  • Advocacy in support of ICM scaling up across the
    region

www.pnlg.org
5
Venue for Knowledge Sharing
  • 1st RNLG Forum, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 15-16
    March 2001
  • 2nd RNLG Forum, Xiamen, Peoples Republic of
    China,
  • 20-23 September 2002
  • 3rd RNLG Forum, Putrajaya, Malaysia, 9 December
    2003
  • 4th RNLG Forum, Bali, Indonesia, 26-28 April 2005
  • Inaugural Meeting of the PNLG, Haikou City, PR
    China, 13 Dec. 2006
  • 2007 PNLG Forum, Danang City, Vietnam, 5-7
    September 2007
  • 2008 PNLG Forum, Sihanoukville, Cambodia, 19-21
    November 2008
  • 2009 PNLG Forum, Bataan, Philippines, November
    2009

6
Study Tours for Local Officials
  • Changing the perception of policymakers
  • Increasing confidence and enthusiasm among those
    undertaking new ICM initiatives
  • Learning by seeing how the local government has
    put the concept of ICM into practice

Chonburi as host of study tour of officials from
the Philippines, Sept 2006
Study tour of Chonburi officials in Xiamen, Oct
2005
Study tour of Chonburi officials in Danang, Jan
2006
Study tour of Chonburi officials in Shihwa, July
2006
7
PNLG Membership
23 member local governments
  • Bataan, Philippines
  • Batangas, Philippines
  • Cavite, Philippines
  • Chonburi, Thailand
  • Danang, Vietnam
  • Quang Nam, Vietnam
  • Sihanoukville, Cambodia
  • Dongying, PR China
  • Fangchenggang, PR China
  • Haikou, PR China
  • Quanzhou, PR China
  • Xiamen, PR China
  • Bali, Indonesia
  • Badung, Indonesia
  • Buleleng, Indonesia
  • Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Gianyar, Indonesia
  • Karangasem, Indonesia
  • Klungkung, Indonesia
  • Sukabumi, Indonesia
  • Tabanan, Indonesia
  • Shihwa, RO Korea
  • Port Klang, Malaysia

7 observer local governments
  • Nampho, DPR Korea
  • Leting, PR China
  • Lianyungang, PR China
  • Panjin, PR China
  • Qingdao, PR China
  • Wenchang, PR China
  • Yanjiang, PR China

Expressions of interest
  • Koh Kong, Cambodia
  • Bangli, Bali, Indonesia
  • Guimaras, Philippines
  • Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam

8
Transformation to Sustainability
9
Policies, Strategies and Actions Plans
  • Philippines EO 533 ICM as a national strategy
    for sustainable development of coastal and marine
    resources (June 2006)
  • Vietnam PM approval of the Master Plan for ICZM
    covering 14 coastal provinces to 2020 (October
    2007)

10
Institutional Arrangements
  • Interagency, multi-sectoral coordinating
    mechanisms
  • Sustainable development of coastal areas

11
Legislation
  • RO Korea Coastal Management Act (1998)
  • China Sea Area Management Law (2002)
  • Japan Ocean Law (2007)
  • Indonesia ICM Law (2007)
  • Xiamen (China) Sea use management Protected
    Areas
  • Bataan/Batangas Bay/Sihanoukville/Danang Coastal
    use zoning scheme
  • Puerto Galera (Philippines) Environmental Users
    Fee

Bataan Coastal Use Zoning
12
Information and Public Awareness
Community-based Waste Management (Sihanoukville)
Text-A-Crime (Bataan)
13
Financing Mechanisms
  • Incorporation of ICM into local government
    program
  • time-bound objectives and targets
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR)
  • Co-operative projects (e.g., ICM program
    mangrove restoration certification)
  • Public-private partnerships
  • Investments conservation initiatives

14
Capacity Development
  • ICM training program/learning centers
  • Regional training of trainers
  • New PEMSEA ICM training manuals, practical guides
    and case studies.
  • 3 Levels of ICM Training (beginner, advanced
    executive )
  • Specialized skills training

15
Transformation to Sustainability
16
Natural and Man-made Hazard Management
Mangrove planting (Bataan)
Flood mitigation plan (Cavite)
Urban greening (Danang)
17
Natural Habitat Protection, Restoration and
Management
Coral transplantation (Bali)
Text-A-Crime (Bataan)
Seagrass transplantation (Chonburi)
18
Water Use and Supply Management
Access to safer drinking water (Nampho)
Wastewater recycling (Xiamen)
Wastewater recycling (Bali)
19
Pollution and Waste Management
Community-based waste management (Sihanoukville)
Garbage bank solid waste management (Chonburi)
20
Food Security and Livelihood Management
Mussel farming (Bataan)
Prawn culture (Sihanoukville)
Seaweed cultivation (Bali)
21
Transformation to Sustainability
22
ICM Program Development and Implementation Cycle
23
Conclusions
  • The ICM Framework, with its identified elements
    of good governance and environmental management
    programs, provides local governments across the
    region with a common guide for sustainable
    development.
  • The ICM Process has evolved into a comprehensive
    system for sustainable management and use of
    coastal and marine areas.
  • Networking among local governments, and the
    benefits derived from networking, have been
    strengthened through the use of a common
    Framework for sustainable development of marine
    and coastal resources, providing governments the
    opportunity to learn by doing and sharing.

24
  • Thank You!
  • www.pemsea.org
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