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CRRA Certification 101B Introduction to Zero Waste, the Foundation to Resource Management

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Resource Management Training Program. presented 6-10-08 in San Jose by. CA ... Vermi-composting. Programs for Residential Green Materials. Special Discards ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CRRA Certification 101B Introduction to Zero Waste, the Foundation to Resource Management


1
CRRA Certification 101B Introduction to Zero
Waste, the Foundation to Resource Management
  • Resource Management Training Program
  • presented 6-10-08 in San Jose by
  • CA Resource Management Training Institute
  • Rick Anthony, 858-272-2905 ricanthony_at_aol.com
    www.richardanthonyassociates.com
  • CRMTI, PO Box 4519, Covina, California 91723 ?
    www.crmti.org
  • board of trustees
  • rick anthony ? karen coca ? michael huls ? gary
    liss ? jaime lozano
  • david roberti ? eugene tseng ? bob zetterberg

2
Introduction to Resource Management
Evidence of conspicuous wealth buried or burned
Treasure Earth?
3
Theory Rules Restricted Wasting
  • Code of Hammurabi
  • Old and New Testament Rules
  • Health and Sanitation

4
Managing Resources Was about Survival waste not,
want not
  • Tribal Society
  • Pioneer Ethic
  • Quilting Bees
  • Refillable Glass Containers, Mason Canning Jars

5
Managing Resources in Communities
  • Junk Yards, Yard Sales
  • Now scrap yards
  • Hog Farms and Collection of Organics
  • Ended with stricter laws
  • 65 years of garbage reduction units
  • Until 1956 with introduction of garbage disposal
    units in USA
  • Required Source Separation prior to the End of
    WWII,
  • Continued up to 1964 when LA City ended its
    program

6
There is no Constitutional Right to Pollute
  • Navigable Rivers Act, Late 1800s
  • Rachel Carsons Silent Spring
  • Open Burning Dumps, Untreated Sewage and
    Industrial Discharges into Oceans, Rivers, Lakes,
    and Air
  • Clean Air and Clean Water Acts late 1960s

7
Managing Resources is Good Science Close Counts
or Aiming for Zero
  • Zero Waste programs goals include
  • Efficient operations
  • Jobs from Discards
  • Leveling the playing field through tax reform,
    appropriate laws, policies and directives
  • Leadership
  • Education

8
Basic Principles
  • EMC2
  • Stuff exists
  • There is no away
  • Your away might be my back yard
  • No such thing as a free lunch
  • Your free lunch is your grand-children's dinner

9
Revenue and Jobs from Discards
10
End Wasting by Ending Pollution Subsidies
  • Air
  • Water
  • Land
  • Sea
  • Ourselves

11
Upstream Waste
12
Resource Management Saves Energy
  • Energy saved per ton recycled

13
Zero Waste Management
  • Up Stream
  • Clean Production
  • Product Redesign
  • Product Stewardship
  • Down Stream
  • Reuse
  • Composting
  • Recycling
  • Resource Recovery Parks

14
5 Rs Reduce Resource Use Greenhouse Gas
Production
1 R. Letcher and M. Shiel, Source separation
and Citizen Recycling, in William Robinson, ed.,
The Solid Waste Handbook, New York, 1986.
15
Who is Responsible?
  • Consumer Responsibility (what you buy)
  • Shared Responsibility (Take It Back programs)
  • Producer Responsibility
  • (What you produce and how you produce it)
  • Precautionary Principal
  • Product Stewardship

16
Producer Responsibility - Products That Dont
Hurt The Environment Nor Workers And Consumers
17
Consumer Responsibility Demand And Buy Only
Products That Can Be Returned, Repaired, Recycled
Or Composted
18
Highest and Best Uses
  • End Subsidies for Wasting
  • Clean Production and EPR
  • Reduce, Refuse Return
  • Reuse
  • Recycle
  • Regulate
  • Not OK Incineration and Subtitle D
  • Landfills

19
Clusters and Facilities
20
Our Oceans Watersheds are a Mess!
21
Its a win, win, win, win thing for all of us…
Benefits of Zero Waste
  • Creates jobs
  • Saves wildlife and ecosystems
  • Saves taxpayers and businesses money
  • Reduces pressure on raw or virgin resources
  • Reduces pollution (including greenhouse gas
    emissions)

22
How do we get to Zero Waste (or darn
close!) Design for Reuse
23
Pursue waste prevention, reuse, repair,
recycling and composting, and ban materials
and products that dont allow for these
activities Promote repair, resale and reuse
of durable products made of fewer material
types and designed for recyclability when
they outlive their usefulness Recognize that
most environmental impacts from products
(e.g. pollutants created, energy consumed,
habitat destroyed) come from resource
extraction and industries upstream of
consumers, rather than from their disposal in
landfills
24
Move from a linear, consumption-driven economy
to a cyclical, service-oriented economy
Provide economic incentives Tax pollution and
waste, not labor and income Eliminate
corporate welfare for wasting Encourage use
of recycled content products by manufacturers
Work with manufacturers, product designers,
advertisers and consumers to share responsibility
for the products produced and used prior to
disposal
25
Case Study www.zerowastesandiego.org
  • Landfilling is a long-term liability, produces
    dangerous greenhouse gases, and wastes taxpayer
    dollars.
  • The following programs and policies offer
    economic sustainability, improved quality of life
    for residents, and a healthier, cleaner
    environment.
  • Pass the required mandatory recycling ordinance
    to allow recycling for all residents and
    businesses
  • Transform the Miramar Landfill into a Resource
    Recovery Park
  • Phase out compostable materials from the landfill
  • Allow the SANCO facility to trigger the CD
    Ordinance
  • Implement a public education program to maximize
    recovery of revenue-generating recyclables
  • The most logical way to extend the life of the
    Landfill is to convert as many discarded
    resources as possible into revenue.

26
Legal Aspects legislation
27
It Should be the Law
  • Navigable Rivers Act, Late 1800
  • Rachel Carson, Silent Spring
  • Open Burning Dumps, Untreated Sewage and
    Industrial Discharges into Oceans, Rivers, Lakes,
    and Air
  • Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act

28
Federal Law
  • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (1976)
    Hazardous Waste
  • Standards for Land Disposal
  • Special Wastes (HHW, Medical, Tires, etc.)
  • Resource Recovery and Recycling Education and
    Training

29
International Law
  • Montreal Protocol
  • Kyoto Agreement
  • Emissions and Global Warming
  • ISO 14001
  • ISO 9001
  • ROHS

30
California Law
  • Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Act
    (1974), Integrated Waste Management Act (1989) or
    AB939
  • Establish Hierarchy of Waste Waste Prevention
    and Source Reduction, Recycling, Composting,
    Transformation and Land Disposal
  • Required 50 diversion of base year waste
    generated by year 2000

31
AB 2020 (Beverage Container Recycling Act) AB
322 (Expanded Beverage Container Recycling Act)
  • Requires deposits on beverage containers
  • Requires redemption centers
  • Provides a grant program

32
Recent California Legislation
  • AB32 California Global Warming Solutions Act of
    2006
  • AB2449 requires large stores to take back
    plastic bags and recycle them but also prohibits
    bag taxes until 2013
  • SB966 Pharmaceutical Take Back and Disposal
    Program
  • AB258 regulates preproduction plastic pellets
    to keep them out of marine environment
  • AB1109 Lighting Efficiency and Toxics Reduction
    Act.

33
Local Ordinances
  • Source Recycling Reduction Element Household
    Hazardous Waste Element required under CIWM Act
    of 1989
  • Most Cities have passed a mandatory refuse
    collection ordinance
  • Franchise cities will also have some form of
    illegal hauler ordinance
  • Landfill or product bans i.e. styrene plastic
    bags (Bay Area)
  • Oil, batteries, paint and other hazardous waste
  • Construction Demolition Ordinances
  • Prop 218 Court decision
  • Flow Control Decision
  • Extended Producer Responsibility Framework
    (January 2008)

34
Reporting
  • Waste Haulers Report
  • Disposal Reports (DRS)
  • Jurisdictional Annual Reports to CIWMB
  • Diversion Reports

35
Reuse and Repair
  • Thrift Shops
  • LA Shares Example
  • Max programs
  • Repair Shops
  • Garage Sales

36
Recycling
37
Program Type Collection Centers
  • Buyback Centers (20/20 redemption centers)
  • Drop-off Centers (e.g., colleges)
  • Take It Back Collection Sites
  • Scavengers

38
Composting
39
Programs for Residential Green Materials
  • Onsite Composting
  • Grass-cycling
  • Vermi-composting

40
Special Discards
41
Commercial Programming
  • Upstream vs. downstream
  • Different stakeholders for each
  • Upstream in-house and pre-generation
  • Nine sources of generation
  • Often referred to as pre-collection or pre-cycle
  • Refuse, reduce, return, reuse
  • Downstream involves 12 master categories
  • Markets often independent of site of generation
  • Often referred to as post-collection
  • Reuse, repair, remanufacture, recycle

42
Setting Up Zero Wasting
  • Intervention consists of the 5Rs
  • Requires education and training
  • Inspiration with perspiration
  • 90 of people retain what they have done

Total Waste ID
  • Know your waste

RETURN
  • Return packaging materials to suppliers

REDUCE
  • Reduce waste at the source

43
Markets are Critical
  • The Early part of your planning should include
    locating demand for your discards, e.g., CD
    recycling, Green Waste or Food waste.

44
Market Categories
  • Reusable
  • Paper
  • Plant Debris
  • Putrescibles
  • Wood
  • Ceramics
  • Soils
  • Metals
  • Glass
  • Polymers
  • Textiles
  • Chemicals

All materials can be grouped into these 12
market-driven categories.
45
Market Clusters
  • Paper and Containers
  • Paper, metals, glass, polymers
  • Organics
  • Food, vegetative debris, food dirty paper, paper,
    plant debris, putrescibles, wood
  • Discarded items
  • Furniture, appliances, clothing, toys, tools,
    reusable goods, textiles
  • Special discards
  • Chemicals, construction and demolition materials,
    wood, ceramics, soils

46
Revenue and Jobs from Discards
47
Outreach Programs
  • Advertising
  • Newspaper
  • TV (Cable)
  • Radio
  • Events
  • Schools
  • Convergent media

48
Advertising Costs
  • Newspaper Paid ads can run from 80/wk and up
    to 3,000 for an insert.
  • Radio - PSAs, Short Runs 3-4,000, Long Runs
    10-20,000.
  • TV/Cable Network Big Bucks Cable 10 up per
    spot.
  • Video magazines - 500 to 50,000

49
Outreach Materials
  • General Recycling Education
  • Specific Generator Based Education

50
Things to Think About
CA Integrated Waste Management Board CA
Department of Conservation
CA Department of Toxic Substance
Control CA Air Resources Board Who else is
expressing the same message You can leverage
their resources!
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