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Gravitation im Labor

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W. Bartel, B. L hr, E. Lohrmann. and. S. Schubert. Gravitation im Labor. 1.) Astronomy and Astrophysics ... BBN successfully describing light element abundances ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gravitation im Labor


1
Gravitation im Labor
Testing Gravity Hinrich Meyer Uni. of Wuppertal
with W. Bartel, B. Löhr, E. Lohrmann and S.
Schubert
2
Outline
1.) Astronomy and Astrophysics
2.) Experiments in the laboratory
3
anno 1632
4
Hamlet Act1, scene5
The are more things in heaven and
earth, Horatio, Than are dreamt of in your
philosophy
5
Q how much matter there is in the Universe???
BBN successfully describing light element
abundances in the universe all but H missing
baryon problem Fukugita, Peebles 1988
(BUT!!!!!)
6
XMM Newton ESA X-RAY Satellite observing missing
baryon fraction solved??
Text
also spectral lines from intergalactic clouds
7
virial law E(kin)-1/2E(pot)
Helvetica Physica Acta 1933
8
Vera Rubin 1970, with K. Ford
Rotation curves a general phenomenon
Andromeda M31
9
Spiral Galaxies
10
Scarpa, Gilmozzi, et al. 2006, globular clusters
11
In the solar system??
at least two dramatic effects a Pioneer
anamoly b fly by effect again seem to be
ruled by a(0) about cH!!
12
Newtons law
F(grav)GmM/r2
rules all bound systems in the universe
a change M , by introducing CDM
b change accel. by introducing a(0) at very
small accel. a MOND
actually, a(0) is about cH
c adding an Yukawa like term at very small
distance
d consider G to be time dependent
13
MOND Milgrom 1983 nonrelativistic
Proposals, to change Newtons Law
TeVeS Bekenstein 2004 relativistic extension
14
Sanders, Noordmeer early type disks 2007
15
dwarf spheroidals
16
Sanders, 1996
17
MOND works however needs Neutrinos with
mass see Zhao 2007
18
Thus, it is my personal opinion and I am the
only one responsible for it if proved wrong--
that if Newtonian dynamics fails below a0, this
should be true irrespectively of the total field
and one should be able to observe MOND effect
also here on earth. For instance, I think a
refined version of the Cavendish experiment
studying gravitational forces in the horizontal
plane should detect MOND effects.
R. Scarpa 2006
19
Laboratory experiments
20
fieldmass 560kg now only 5-40kg
thesis work by Schurr, Walesh, Schumacher,
Kleinevoss 1992 - 2002 with H. Piel Univ. of
Wuppertal
21
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22
db df const const10-9 (m/kHz)
thesis H. Walesch
23
2006
recent G results
24
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25
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26
Earthquake signal in GRAVI
27
frequency vs. time
Noise nicely Gaussian, very crucial
Text
Text
Text
28
Gravi at DESY works!!! (18.6.2008) 127Hz in
22GHz (1/10 nm)
29
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30
Goals with GRAVI at DESY a measurements
in the MOND region b accurate determination of
big G
31
blue line prefered by astrophysical
considerations
32
Schlamminger et al. Zürich
G measurment
33
Eötwash Adelbergers group Seattle
34
equivalence principle test Schlamminger et
al. 2008
35
fascinating times testing GRAVITY in the lab
I like to thank DESY for unbureaucratic support
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