Economic Crash and Political Upheaval: 1890 1900 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Economic Crash and Political Upheaval: 1890 1900

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An inquiry into the cause of industrial depressions and of the increase of want ... the frontier - effects of this social recapitulation on the American character ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Economic Crash and Political Upheaval: 1890 1900


1
Economic Crash and Political Upheaval 1890 - 1900
  • Chapter 19

2
1890-1900
3
The Country
  • Changing economy
  • Changing population
  • Role of individual

4
Urban Conditions
  • Jacob Riis How The Other Half Lives
  • Henry George Progress and Poverty
  • An inquiry into the cause of industrial
    depressions and of the increase of want with
    increase of wealth...
  • Remedy?

5
Urban Conditions - Reaction
  • Settlement House
  • Jane Addams
  • Hull House

6
Urban Conditions
  • Social Gospel
  • William Gladden - Applied Christianity
  • C.S. Sheldon
  • Pope Leo XIII - Rerum Novarum (Of New Things)

7
Federal Surplus 1865-1901
8
Role of Government?
  • Whose money is it?
  • Bystander or activist?
  • Senator John Sherman

9
Nativism
  • What is an American?
  • Image
  • Reality
  • Events in Europe
  • Fear of radicals
  • American Protective Association

10
Political Reaction
  • Populism
  • Grange and Greenback failed
  • Farmers Alliance
  • Three groups
  • Populist Party Peoples party
  • James Weaver

11
Popular Vote for Weaver 1892
12
Economic Problems
  • Panic of 1893
  • 15,000 business failed
  • Why?
  • Reaction
  • Coxeys Army
  • Labor difficulties

13
Labor Issues
  • Homestead Steel Strike
  • American Railway Union

14
Recorded Mergers in Mining and Manufacturing
18951905
15
Times are Changing
  • 1883 - Civil Rights Act of 1875 -
    unconstitutional
  • Fourteenth Amendment - only states
  • Separate accommodation laws
  • Grandfather clause
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson - 1896

16
Atlanta Compromise
  • Booker T. Washington
  • "In all things that are purely social we can be
    as separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand
    in all things essential to mutual progress."

17
Cross of Gold
William Jennings Bryan
Having behind us the producing masses of this
nation and the world, supported by the
commercial interests, the laboring interests and
the toilers everywhere, we will answer their
demand for a gold standard by saying to them
You shall not press down upon the brow of labor
this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify
mankind upon a cross of gold.
18
Election of 1896
19
1892 versus 1896
20
Turner Thesis
  • Deeper significance of the frontier - effects of
    this social recapitulation on the American
    character
  • People came faster than expected
  • 1890 Census frontier gone
  • What next?

http//www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/s_z/turner.
htm
21
Alfred Thayer Mahan
  • The Influence of Sea Power upon History
  • Great nations - sea powers
  • Productive domestic economy
  • Foreign commerce
  • Strong merchant marine
  • Navy defending trade routes
  • Colonies and naval bases

22
American Acquisitions in the Pacific
23
Summary
  • Decade of change
  • Some positive, some negative
  • Realization
  • Country was different
  • Times were changing
  • People needed to act, or did they?
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