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Leukemia

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three types of cells. Red blood cells ... What are types of leukemia? ... Lumbar Puncture (spinal tap) How is leukemia treated? Chemotherapy. Radiation therapy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Leukemia


1
Leukemia
  • Jana Matoušková
  • Eva Hýsková

2
What is leukemia?
  • form of cancer
  • three types of cells
  • Red blood cells
  • White blood cells
  • Platelets
  • Example of progression of cancer

3
What are possible causes of leukemia?
  • Radiation
  • Chemicals
  • Viruses
  • Genetic factors
  • Immunologic factors

4
What are types of leukemia?
  • Picture of bone marrow smear (control) Normal
    granulocytes and erythroblasts are evident.


5
Acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) There is a marked
proliferation of small lymphoblasts


6
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) There is a marked
proliferation of large myeloblasts
7
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) There is a marked
proliferation of granulocytes at various stages
of maturation

8
What are symptoms of leukemia?
  • Weakness or chronic fatigue
  • Fever of unknown origin
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Frequent bacterial or viral infections
  • Headaches
  • Skin rash
  • Bone pain with no known cause
  • Easy bruising
  • Bleeding from gums and nose
  • Blood in urine or stools
  • Enlarged lymph nodes and spleen
  • Fullness in the stomach

9
How is leukemia diagnosed?
  1. Described symptoms
  2. Blood test
  3. Bone marrow biopsy specific test
  4. Lumbar Puncture (spinal tap)

10
How is leukemia treated?
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Biological therapy
  • Surgery
  • Bone marrow transplantation

11
Vocabulary
  • platelet krevní desticka
  • mature zralý
  • damaging škodlivý
  • weakness slabost
  • fatigue únava
  • fever horecka
  • headaches bolesti hlavy
  • enlarged zvetšení
  • nodes uzliny
  • spleen - slezina
  • skin rash kožní vyrážka
  • pain bolest
  • bruising podlitina
  • bleeding krvácení
  • gum dásen
  • kidney ledvina
  • bone marrow kostní dren
  • lumbar - bederní
  • surgery - operace

12
Thank you for your attention!
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