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Questions on EU port policy

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Title: Questions on EU port policy


1
Questions on EU port policy
  • Patrick Verhoeven
  • IAPH Africa-Europe Meeting
  • Riga, 1-3 March 2006

2
Summary
  • A few words about ESPO
  • Question 1 Do European port authorities share a
    common view on their role and responsibilities?
  • Question 2 Do European port authorities need a
    common policy framework?
  • Question 3 Is the present EU policy framework
    for ports satisfactory?
  • The way forward
  • The current agenda of ESPO

3
A few words about ESPO
  • Founded in 1993
  • Represents European port authorities in all
    different forms and varieties
  • Members from 19 EU countries, Croatia, Bulgaria,
    Iceland and Norway
  • 800 ports handling 3,5 bln tonnes of cargo and
    350 mln passengers annually
  • Recognised counterpart of EU institutions

4
Question 1
  • Do European port authorities share a common view
    on their role and responsibilities?
  • YES
  • … but not quite

5
  • Port authorities share basic public functions
  • Port authorities re-assess their more commercial
    role in view of common challenges
  • Focus on competition within the supply chain
  • Attractiveness of the port for logistics services
  • Stimulate port development projects (mediator)
  • Strategic partnerships with inland locations and
    hinterland transport modes
  • Promote overall positive image of the port
  • Institutional reform takes place in many EU ports
    more independence from (central / local)
    government
  • Overall desire among port authorities to achieve
    greater management autonomy to respond
    effectively to market developments and play an
    active role in the supply chain
  • But diversity remains (e.g. port authority
    providing port services)

6
Question 2
  • Do European port authorities need a common EU
    policy framework?
  • YES
  • …but there are limits

7
  • A common EU policy framework is useful to
  • Facilitate development of port capacity, maritime
    access and hinterland connections
  • Foster provision of competitive and efficient
    services in ports and within the transport chain
  • Stimulate the wider community responsibilities of
    ports
  • But there are limits to what it can / should do
  • Refrain from harmonising port management or
    limiting commercial and financial autonomy of
    port authorities

8
Question 3
  • Is the present EU policy framework for ports
    satisfactory?
  • NO
  • (not really)

9
  • The present EU policy framework suffers from a
    number of shortcomings
  • Too interventionist
  • Too fragmented
  • Too negative
  • Too little understanding of the sector
  • Examples
  • port services Directive
  • contradiction EU transport and EU environmental
    policy

10
The way forward
  • Failure port services Directive opens
    opportunity for development of a coherent EU port
    policy
  • Need for an overall debate on the priorities of
    such a policy before starting new proposals (ESPO
    conference Stockholm 1-2 June 2006)
  • Beware of pitfalls
  • Common management model for EU ports
  • Centralised port planning

11
The current agenda of ESPO
  • Port and transport policy
  • Future EU port policy
  • Revision of Transport Policy White Paper
  • Short Sea Shipping and Motorways of the Sea
  • New areas rail, customs and logistics
  • Ship-shore interface
  • Implementation Port Security Directive
  • Proposed Supply Chain Security Regulation
  • Third Maritime Safety Package (places of refuge)
  • Revision Port Reception Facilities Directive
  • Ship emissions (air quality)
  • Ports and the environment
  • Maritime Policy Green Paper (marine spatial
    planning)
  • Port development and Natura 2000 (Birds and
    Habitats)
  • Dredging and the Water Framework Directive
  • Thematic Strategies Water and Air

12
Patrick Verhoeven - Secretary General European
Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO) Treurenberg 6
B-1000 Brussel Tel. 32 2 736 34 63 - Email
pverhoeven_at_espo.be
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