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Brass on the Low Side


Used in the orchestra first in the 18th century ... Adopted by French Orchestras. Making a Tuba ... Used in Orchestras. More Tubas!! Tuba d'amore- made from ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Brass on the Low Side

Brass on the Low Side
  • Christopher Heinze
  • MusEd259
  • Tuesday September 25, 2007

The Low Brass Family
  • Trombone
  • Baritone
  • Euphonium
  • Tuba
  • Sousaphone

The Trombone
  • The modern version of the Sackbut
  • Used in Renaissance religious ensembles mostly
    for voice doubling.
  • Used in the orchestra first in the 18th century
  • The first prominent symphonic use was in
    Beethovens Symphony 5

The Trombone Family
  • Alto Trombone
  • Tenor Trombone
  • F trigger
  • Range can go to a C2
  • Bass Trombone
  • F and G trigger
  • Range extends to a B1
  • Contrabass Trombone
  • A perfect fourth lower than the tenor and bass

  • Made of brass most commonly
  • Nickel and Silver are also used
  • Cylindrical bore
  • 9 feet (trigger trombone)
  • S shaped
  • A cup mouth piece where sound is produced by the
    buzzing of ones lips.
  • How a Trombone is Made!!

Key and Transposition
  • B-flat
  • Transposition is CRAZY!!!
  • It doesnt transpose it is written in Concert

Clef and Range
  • Written in mostly the bass clef but can be found
    in the tenor clef and sometimes the alto clef.
  • Range from E2 to F5 for tenor and bass.

Resources and Tips for Beginners
  • Keep in mind the shape, length, and weight of the
  • The size of the mouth piece.

The Tuba
  • Development began in the early nineteenth century
  • The ophicleide was being produced in the 1820s.
    A forerunner of the tuba was keyed.
  • In 1835 the first bass tuba in F was made by
    Johann Gottfried Moritz and Wilheim Wieprecht.
  • In 1849 the helicon bass was introduced.
  • Wrapped around the body
  • In 1870 the Sax-horns were invented by Adolfe Sax
    (the same Adolfe of the saxophones.)
  • Adopted by French Orchestras

Making a Tuba
  • Usually made from brass, but can also be made
    from nickel and silver.
  • Conical bore
  • 18-12 feet of tubing depending on the key and
    type of the tuba.
  • Made a variety of sizes 3/4 4/4 5/4 6/4
  • Usually has four valves
  • Models for younger students may only have three.

Types of Tubas
  • Euphoniums/Baritones
  • Tenor Tuba pitched an octave higher
  • Euphoniums usually have an extra valve
  • Upright/Bell Front Tuba
  • BBb Tuba
  • Most Common
  • CC Tuba
  • Orchestras
  • Eb Tuba
  • Bombardons (1800s)
  • F Tuba (Wagner Tuba)
  • Easier to play higher notes
  • Used in Orchestras

More Tubas!!
  • Tuba damore- made from wood and nickel
  • The Alpenhorn- from the alps
  • Made from a solid piece of soft wood, usually
    spruce but sometimes pine.
  • The Sousaphone- John P. Sousa
  • Used by marching bands
  • Convertible Tubas

Sound of the Tuba
  • Very low but can be mellow and soothing
  • It is often used to play quick staccato lines
    but can also play sustained melodies.
  • Plays in Bass Clef
  • Played by buzzing of the lips.

Key, Transposition, and Range
  • BBb Tuba
  • Plays a written Bb sounds a C
  • Key of C
  • No transposition
  • Exceptions-
  • Wagner Tuba (F)

Introducing the Tuba
  • Really young student may benefit from the
    baritone at first
  • A 3/4 tuba can be used in middle school aged
  • The weight of the tuba
  • The size of the mouth piece
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