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Discursive Psychology: Discourse analysis in and against psychology

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Laibach, 1987, F.I.A.T', Opus Dei. You are in black darkness and confusion. ... opus dei (i) focus on the use made of psychology in the public domain ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Discursive Psychology: Discourse analysis in and against psychology


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Discursive Psychology Discourse analysis in
and against psychology
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  • There are dark forces at work, of which we know
    nothing
  • Elisabeth R. II (attrib.)

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  • There are dark forces at work, of which we know
    nothing
  • Elisabeth R. II (attrib.)

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psychology
  • gaze directed at those outside the discipline who
    are assumed to be non-psychologists who are
    routinely deceived and misrepresented
  • reduces phenomena to the level of the individual,
    and this reduction proceeds both downwards from
    the level of social processes and upwards from
    the level of physiological functions
  • reproduces an abstracted model of behavioural
    sequences and cognitive mechanisms in which each
    individual is assumed to operate as a miniature
    version of the operational forms that define
    positivist investigation
  • pretends to merely describe human activity, but
    this description requires a degree of declared or
    surreptitious interpretation that prescribes a
    correct version of events
  • subscribes to a form of objectivity, fake
    neutrality which obscures the enduring role of
    personal, institutional and political stakes in
    the formulation of research questions.

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critique
  • How is psychology produced as a commonsensical
    resource for individuals to make sense of
    themselves and others and of possibilities for
    changing social conditions?
  • How are social processes reproduced and
    maintained at the level of interpersonal
    interaction and individual experience, at the
    level of psychology?
  • How are patterns of activity structured to
    replicate power relations regardless of and even
    despite the immediate intentions of an individual
    psychology?
  • How can theoretical articulation of the place of
    individual psychology and social structure be
    developed to provide some critical distance from
    ideology?
  • How can research into the political functions of
    psychology operate in such a way as to maintain
    a degree of autonomy of activity and experience
    from political interference?

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Darkness
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  • You are in black darkness and confusion.
  • You have been hugger-muggered and
  • carom-shotted into a war,
  • and you know nothing about it.
  • You know nothing about the forces that caused it,
  • or you know next to nothing.
  • You are not to win this war.
  • You cannot win this war.

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  • You are in black darkness and confusion.
  • You have been hugger-muggered and
  • carom-shotted into a war,
  • and you know nothing about it.
  • You know nothing about the forces that caused it,
  • or you know next to nothing.
  • You are not to win this war.
  • You cannot win this war.

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  • hugger-muggered

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  • hugger-muggered
  • 15th-16th century English huddle conceal

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  • carom-shotted

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  • carom-shotted
  • (Billiards), Spanish carambola trick ruse

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Everyday Conversation
  • A false opposition is often set up between
    interviews and naturally-occurring conversation

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  • (i) focus on the use made of psychology in the
    public domain
  • (ii) focus on the reproduction of the conditions
    in which psychological explanations come to
    assume importance

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  • You are in black darkness and confusion.
  • You have been hugger-muggered and
  • carom-shotted into a war,
  • and you know nothing about it.
  • You know nothing about the forces that caused it,
  • or you know next to nothing.
  • You are not to win this war.
  • You cannot win this war.

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  • F.I.A.T, Opus Dei
  • You are in black darkness and confusion.
  • You have been hugger-muggered and
  • carom-shotted into a war,
  • and you know nothing about it.
  • You know nothing about the forces that caused it,
  • or you know next to nothing.
  • You are not to win this war.
  • You cannot win this war.

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opus dei
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opus dei
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opus dei
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Interpersonal Interaction
  • focus on interpersonal interaction is still at
    the expense of analysis of broader power relations

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  • (iii) show how power relations are reiterated in
    the interpersonal realm
  • (iv) show how ostensibly individual processes are
    mobilised by wider networks of power

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opus dei
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opus dei
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Formal Sequences
  • meaningful context is usually wiped out of the
    analysis as part of an attempt to avoid an appeal
    to the real meaning intended by social actors

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  • (v) show how formal devices are injected with
    particular content
  • (vi) show how formal devices are resignified in
    different social contexts

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opus dei
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opus dei
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  • You are in black darkness and confusion.
  • You have been hugger-muggered and
  • carom-shotted into a war,
  • and you know nothing about it.
  • You know nothing about the forces that caused it,
  • or you know next to nothing.
  • You are not to win this war.
  • You cannot win this war.

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  • You are in black darkness and confusion.
  • You have been hugger-muggered and
  • carom-shotted into a war,
  • and you know nothing about it.
  • You know nothing about the forces that caused it,
  • or you know next to nothing.
  • You are not to win this war.
  • You cannot win this war.
  • Darkness, July 13th, 1942, Ezra Pound

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opus dei
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Correct Explication
  • detailed re-description of talk using a
    specialist vocabulary that translates a
    complicated transcription of interaction

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  • (vii) learn from the way actually-existing
    interpretations and re-interpretations contest
    versions of reality
  • (viii) attend to contested spaces in which there
    is struggle over the nature of correct explication

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opus dei
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opus dei
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Disciplinary Segregation
  • claim that a researcher should not talk about
    power in their analysis of a text if the issue of
    power is not actually topicalised there

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  • (ix) show how politics frames psychological work
  • (x) show the ways in which the process of
    psychologisation in contemporary society is
    profoundly political

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  • Laibach, 1987, F.I.A.T, Opus Dei
  • You are in black darkness and confusion.
  • You have been hugger-muggered and
  • carom-shotted into a war,
  • and you know nothing about it.
  • You know nothing about the forces that caused it,
  • or you know next to nothing.
  • You are not to win this war.
  • You cannot win this war.

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opus dei
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  • (i) focus on the use made of psychology in the
    public domain
  • (ii) focus on the reproduction of the conditions
    in which psychological explanations come to
    assume importance
  • (iii) show how power relations are reiterated in
    the interpersonal realm
  • (iv) show how ostensibly individual processes are
    mobilised by wider networks of power
  • (v) show how formal devices are injected with
    particular content
  • (vi) show how formal devices are resignified in
    different social contexts
  • (vii) learn from the way actually-existing
    interpretations and re-interpretations contest
    versions of reality
  • (viii) attend to contested spaces in which there
    is struggle over the nature of correct
    explication
  • (ix) show how politics frames psychological work
  • (x) show the ways in which the process of
    psychologisation in contemporary society is
    profoundly political

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  • Ian Parker

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  • Ian Parker
  • www.discourseunit.com

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  • www.discourseunit.com
  • www.nskstate.com
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