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Kentucky Youth Tobacco Survey KYTS

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prevalence of tobacco use among young people (middle and high school students) ... 50% of middle school nonsmokers are exposed to SHS in a car, while 63% are ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Kentucky Youth Tobacco Survey KYTS


1
Kentucky Youth Tobacco Survey (KYTS)
  • 2002 Results

Original Report was written by Teresa A. Wood,
Ph.D. Katherine Gresham, MA Ky. Dept. for Public
Health
2
Disclaimer
  • The following presentation is a synopsis of a
    research report. DSA and REACH are not endorsing
    or taking a position on the methodology or
    reported findings. The information has been
    drawn from the executive summary. This
    presentation is for informational purposes only,
    and the intent is to help general prevention
    practitioners translate research into practice.
    Neither REACH nor DSA are validating, endorsing,
    synthesizing or in any other way critically
    evaluating the study, but merely summarizing the
    reported work of another research group, in order
    to inform practitioners.

3
Survey Overview
  • Information gathered
  • prevalence of tobacco use among young people
    (middle and high school
    students)
  • secondhand smoke exposure
  • cessation of tobacco use
  • minors access to tobacco products
  • tobacco use in schools
  • tobacco-related attitudes of young people and
  • the influence of peers and family members in
    using tobacco products
  • Conducted by Kentucky Department for Public
    Health (KDPH)
  • Data collected from March to June 2002
  • Full report can be found at http//chs.ky.gov/publ
    ichealth/tobacco.htm

4
Overview of Results
5
Reported Current Tobacco Use
(defined as using a tobacco
product 1 or more times in past 30 days)
  • 34 of Kentucky high school students and 15 of
    middle school students are current smokers (down
    from 37 and 22, respectively, in 2000)
  • These rates are higher than national average for
    this year (28 and 11, respectively)
  • Significant drop in current smoking for 7th
    graders from 28 in 2000 to 17 in 2002
  • Significant drop in current smoking for white
    middle school students from 22 in 2000 to 14
    in 2002

6
  • 16 of African-American high school students
    currently use cigarettes compared to 36 of white
    students
  • Greatest increase in current smoking rates is
    seen between 6th and 7th grades, with almost 1 in
    4 students smoking by the time they reach 8th
    grade
  • From grades 9 to 12 current smoking rates jump
    from 27 to 42
  • Current use of spit/smokeless tobacco is 1 in 4
    among high school boys and 1 in 5 among middle
    school boys

7
Reported Frequent Cigarette Use (defined as
smoking cigarettes on 20 or more of the past 30
days)
  • 20 of high school students and 4 of middle
    school students report frequent cigarette use
  • Approximately 1 in 4 11th and 12th graders are
    frequent smokers
  • Frequent cigarette smoking is well established by
    the 9th grade

8
Reported Lifetime Tobacco Use (defined as ever
tried any tobacco product)
  • Lifetime cigarette use may be declining overall
    69 of high school students and 44 of middle
    school students have smoked cigarettes at some
    time (down from 74 and 50, respectively, in
    2000)
  • Lifetime cigar use for high school students
    declined significantly from 54 in 2000 to 48 in
    2002
  • Lifetime use of smokeless or spit tobacco is
    statistically unchanged overall, but may be
    increasing among 11th and 12th graders (1 in 2
    high school boys and 1 in 3 middle school boys
    have tried smokeless tobacco)

9
Reported Tobacco Dependence (defined as having
smoked 100 or more cigarettes, or needing a
cigarette everyday)
  • 15 of all high school students smoked their
    first cigarette before age 11 males are more
    likely to have smoked before age 11 than females
  • 39 of high school students and 18 of middle
    school students have smoked 100 or
    more cigarettes
  • Nearly ½ of high school students say they need a
    cigarette every day
  • 1 in 3 middle school smokers need a cigarette
    every day 11 of 6th graders need a
    cigarette daily, while 35 of 7th graders
    need one every day

10
Reported Tobacco Cessation
  • 75 of current youth smokers in Kentucky believed
    they could quit smoking if they wanted to, but
  • 49 of high school smokers and 53 of middle
    school smokers were unsuccessful in their
    attempts to quit smoking
  • Significantly FEWER high school students
    attempted to quit smoking in 2002
    (49 of current smokers) compared
    to 2000 (60 of current smokers)

11
Reported Access to Tobacco Products
  • 20 of high school students and 7 of middle
    school students purchase tobacco from retail
    outlets
  • 62 of high school students and 75 of middle
    school students who made retail tobacco purchases
    were not asked to show proof of age
  • 49 of high school students and 31 of middle
    school students were denied tobacco purchases due
    to their age at some point during the year

12
  • 24 of high school students obtain cigarettes by
    giving money to an older person to purchase them
  • 27 of middle school students get cigarettes by
    borrowing/bumming them from someone else
  • 10 of high school students and 13 of middle
    school student smokers were given cigarettes by
    an older person

13
Reported Secondhand Smoke
  • 45 of high school nonsmokers report exposure
    to SHS while riding in a car
  • 74 of high school nonsmokers report exposure
    while in a room with a smoker
  • 50 of middle school nonsmokers are exposed to
    SHS in a car, while 63 are exposed while in a
    room with a smoker
  • The rate of exposure to SHS for high school
    smokers is 88 while in a car, and 96 while in a
    room with another smoker
  • 86 of middle school smokers are exposed in a
    car, while 90 are exposed in a room with another
    smoker

14
Reported Social Influences Impacting Tobacco Use
  • 61 of high school smokers and 76 of
    middle school smokers live with a person who
    smokes
  • 91 of high school smokers have at least one
    friend who smokes, while 44 of nonsmokers have
    one or more friends who smoke
  • 86 of middle school smokers have at least one
    friend who smokes, while 22 of nonsmokers in
    middle school have one or more friends that smoke
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