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Inferno

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'No tortured wailing rose to greet us here, but sounds of sighing rose from every ... 'There Minos sits, grinning, grotesque, and hale. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Inferno


1
Inferno
  • Cantos IV-V

2
Circle One Limbo The Virtuous Pagans
  • There is no harsh punishment
  • No tortured wailing rose to greet us here, but
    sounds of sighing rose from every side…a grief
    breathed out of untormented sadness… (25-29).
  • Sinners born before Christs teachings
  • Their birth fell before the age of the Christian
    mysteries, and so they did not worship Gods
    trinity, (36-39).
  • Still considered virtuous respected

3
The Virtuous Pagans
  • For such defects are we lost, though spared the
    fire and suffering of hell in one affliction
    only that without hope we live on in desire,
    (40-43)
  • They now know Christs teachings
  • They will never know him (heaven)

4
The Virtuous Pagans
  • The signature honors
  • left on earth is recognized in Heaven
  • and wins them ease in Hell out of Gods
    favor.
  • (76-78)
  • Honored in life and respected in death (heaven)
  • Homer, Lucan, Ovid, Horace

5
Virgil
  • One of the Virtuous Pagans
  • The pain of these below us here,
  • drains the color from my face of pity..
    (19-20)
  • Guides Dante
  • You do not question
  • what souls these are that suffer here before
    you?
  • I wish you to know before you travel
    on…(31-33)

6
Citadel of Human Reason
  • …we reached the base of a great Citadel
  • circled by seven towering battlements
  • and by a sweet brook flowing all around them…
  • This we passed over as if firm ground.
  • Through seven gates I entered with those sages
  • and came to a green meadow blooming round.
  • (106-111)
  • Citadel philosophy
  • 7 liberal arts/ sciences
  • Water separates them from those in darkness

7
Inhabitants
  • Heroes and Heroines
  • Trojans
  • Hector, Aeneas
  • The Philosophers
  • Acceptable to the church
  • Plato, Aristotle
  • The Naturalists
  • Theoreticians, historians of science

8
Canto V
  • Circle Two
  • The Carnal

9
Minos
  • There Minos sits, grinning, grotesque, and
    hale./ He examines each lost soul as it arrives/
    and delivers his verdict with his coiling tail.
    (4-6
  • Judges and delivers the realm the soul will
    reside in
  • From mythology, King of Crete
  • Known for wisdom
  • Presented as horrific in Inferno
  • Zeus took form of bull and raped Europa

10
Minos
  • …when the ill-fated soul
  • appears before him it confesses all,
  • and the grim sorter of the dark and foul
  • decides which place in Hell shall be its end,
  • then wraps his twitching tail about himself
  • one coil for each degree it must descend.
  • (7-12)
  • Souls want to confess
  • They choose their fate, free will

11
The Carnal
  • I came to a place stripped bare of every light
  • and roaring on the naked dark like seas
  • wracked by a war of winds. Their hellish
    flight
  • Of storm and counterstorm through time foregone,
  • sweeps the souls of the damned before its
    charge.
  • Whirling and battering it drives them on…
    (28-34)
  • Committed in dark
  • Swept by temptations
  • Had no restraint so brutally hit
  • Sins of the she-wolf

12
The Carnal
  • Associated with love
  • Least severe punishment

13
Sinners
  • Dido
  • Left husband for Aeneas
  • Achilles
  • Deserted Greeks for Love
  • Francesca Paolo
  • Affair
  • Husband killed them (Caina, treacherous to kin)

14
Dantes Emotional Reaction
  • …and I was swept by pity and confusion (72)
  • …I felt my sense reel
  • and faint away with anguish. I was swept
  • by such a swoon as death is, and I fell,
  • as a corpse might fall, to the dead floor of
    Hell. (136-140)
  • Pities souls
  • Resemble his love for Beatrice
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