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Gender mainstreaming for Climate Change Adaptation in an era of global financial challenges: a Carib

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Title: Gender mainstreaming for Climate Change Adaptation in an era of global financial challenges: a Carib


1
Gender mainstreaming for Climate Change
Adaptation in an era of global financial
challenges a Caribbean perspective
  • Marlene Attzs
  • University of the West Indies
  • St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

2
Objective of Presentation
  • To highlight the importance of gender
    mainstreaming in Adaptation to Climate Change
    (and disaster risk management)
  • To review the impacts of CC on Caribbean
    countries (and hence the importance of gender
    mainstreaming)
  • To sensitise the possible challenges ahead for
    adaptation and gender mainstreaming in an era of
    global economic stringency and slowdown

3
Content
  • Contextual Framework
  • Summary socio- demographic info on the Caribbean
    re disasters
  • Anticipated Climate Change impacts on SID
  • Historical evidence of gendered impacts of
    disasters in Caribbean SIDS Hurricane Ivan
  • Mainstreaming Gender into DRM and CC Adaptation
    Policy
  • Whither Adaptation initiatives given current
    global financial challenges

4
Major disaster events affecting the Caribbean
5
Gender policies in the Caribbean
  • Regional gender policies have traditionally
    overlooked the importance of including disaster
    risk management as part of the gender policy.
  • Similarly national CC policies do not reflect
    gender dimensions of impacts
  • Caribbean countries at varying stages of dealing
    with gender policies in general Domestic
    Violence, Equal Employment etc.

6
Percentage of households headed by women, by size
of household (1990/91)
7
Urban Unemployment Rates by sex selected
Caribbean countries
8
(No Transcript)
9
Anticipated Climate Change impacts and the
Caribbean
  • In the Caribbean it is anticipated that coastal
    tourism may also be adversely affected by
  • CC particularly SLR and beach erosion
  • Increase in windstorm related events
  • Women are heavily employed in the regional
    tourism industry, then these predicted impacts
    could also adversely affect Caribbean women.

10
Mainstreaming Gender into DRM/CC Adaptation
Ex Ante Adaptation
Ex Post Adaptation
11
Summary of global financial situation
  • The world's developed economies are headed for
    the first full-year of negative growth since
    World War II and governments should ramp up
    spending to support the global economy (IMF
    November 2008).
  • The economy of the 15 countries in the Euro Zone
    declined by 0.2 between July and September 08
    compared with the previous quarter
  • The OECD estimates the economies of Japan, the
    Euro Zone and the United States will continue to
    contract next year.

12
Implications of Global financial crisis
  • Adaptation Fund made up of global financial
    giants including G20 committed to addressing
    other critical challenges e.g. climate change
    after Washington Meeting
  • How will priorities be determined?
  • Will priorities change
  • Possibility of shifting geo-political priorities
    among developing countries by donor agencies

13
Policy Conclusions
  • Research required on gendered sectoral impacts of
    CC since economically significant and highly
    gender biased sectors such as agriculture and
    tourism might be affected
  • Multipartite approach to mainstreaming gender
    roles for Governments, Civil Society (incl pvt
    sector), individuals/communities

14
Policy Conclusions
  • Need to develop indicators to reflect unequal
    vulnerability to climate change (and disasters)
    e.g. GDI should be adjusted to reflect gender
    vulnerability to disasters (incl CC related) and
    GEM to reflect gendered approach to policy making
    on climate change.

15
Way forward the short -, medium- and long term
  • At COP 14 Poland priority issues should include
  • the socio-economic implications of the global
  • financial situation (crisis) on adaptation (and
  • mitigation prospects given,
  • Challenges of stimulating domestic growth
  • The slow economic growth in several advanced
    economies
  • Economic growth prescriptions may for some,
    including private sector, be considered
    inconsistent with climate change objectives
    (including gender mainstreaming)
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