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Balancing Multiple Roles


Learning to manage multiple roles is a key skill for both workplace success and family harmony. ... Under this system, two part-time employees share one full-time job. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Balancing Multiple Roles

Balancing Multiple Roles
  • Analyze the negative effects of role conflicts.
  • Explain the need for balance as you manage
    multiple roles.
  • Analyze strategies for achieving balance in life.
  • Describe support systems that help families
    manage multiple roles.
  • Discuss family-friendly workplace policies.

Quick Write
  • List the various roles you have in your life.
  • Which do you enjoy the most?
  • Which do you enjoy the least?
  • Why?

  • A role conflict occurs when one role has a
    significant negative impact on another role.
  • Another way of describing this situation is
    spillover. One role spills over into another,
    affecting your ability to fulfill it as well as
    you would like.

Ways role conflict can affect you
  • Internal effects. When the demands of roles
    clash, stress usually builds. A person may feel
    distracted, exhausted, and unable to think
  • Interpersonal effects. Relationships often carry
    the brunt of role conflicts. Spillover affects
    the person as well as the family, friends,
    coworkers, and others.

  • External effects. Role conflicts can sometimes
    keep you from participation in activities that
    are important to you. Disarray is another
    example. It results when a task is pushed aside
    in the effort to juggle many roles.

  • Role conflicts are an important issue in the
    workplace. Spillover from the family is a major
    cause of absenteeism, tardiness, inefficiency,
    and distraction at work.
  • It also has an impact on family life People who
    are under stress at work tend to argue with their
    spouses more and participate in family activities

  • Learning to manage multiple roles is a key
    skill for both workplace success and family

Difficult Factors
  • Difficult situations contribute to stress. These
    might include erratic work schedules, multiple
    jobs, reliable child care, extended illness,
    older family members, and blended families.
  • What are other examples?

  • Unrealistic expectations. These add to stress.
    Examples New parents with little sleep trying
    to keep a spotless house. A college student
    working long hours and trying to take extra
  • Sometimes, lowering expectations is a healthy
    thing to do.

  • Overcommitment. Making too many commitments
    often stems from a desire to please everyone and
    an inability to say no. Its also easy to
    underestimate the time and energy needed to
    fulfill certain roles.
  • Examples Playing sports with a job and school.
    Extracurricular activities and school. Crafts.

Management skills can help in balancing multiple
  • Balancing multiple roles is really about
    maintaining a sense of balance within yourself.
    It helps steady you as you shift from role to
  • A sense of balance wont eliminate role conflicts
    or make your life perfect.
  • When you have balance, you feel in control and
    you can stay focused on your goals.

Three Strategies to Achieve Balance
  • Setting Priorities
  • This involves setting prioritieschoosing where
    to focus your time and energy.
  • Consider your valuesyour beliefs, feelings, and
    ideas about what is important.
  • Then set your priorities based on your values and

  • Setting priorities may help in putting your roles
    in perspective.
  • Give yourself the flexibility to adjust your
    roles as needed.
  • Just make sure you are not neglecting important
    areas of your life.

Changing Priorities
  • Your priorities may change as you go through
    life. A single person may focus on his or her
    career and advancing in it until marriage. Then
    the focus is shifted to the family.

Setting Priorities
  • Establishing your priorities will help you set
    personal boundaries. These are limits you set
    for yourself based on your values and priorities.
    They enable you to control the number of roles
    you play and to focus on what matter most to you.

  • Whenever youre given the opportunity for a new
    activity or are asked to take on another role,
    ask yourself, Do I have room in my life for this
    right now? How will it affect my other roles?
    Does it fit with my values and priorities?

  • Careful consideration, rather than a quick
    response, can help you say yes to those
    opportunities that best fit and no to those that

Courage to Say No
  • Its hard to say no to people who ask for your
    help, invite you out or include you in their
    plans. If you want to focus on your priorities,
    though, you have to learn to refuse. Be ready
    for others to try to change your mind.
  • Focus on what is best for you.

  • When someone tries to persuade you in a different
    direction, stand firm. If you over commit,
    youll end up disappointing others as well as
  • Think of three ways to politely, but honestly,
    decline an invitation or request.

Managing Time
  • The ability to manage your time effectively is a
    key skill in balancing multiple roles.
  • Time management helps you focus on your
    priorities and use your time effectively.

Tips for Best Use of Time
  • Make a daily or weekly to-do list. Use a
    calendar to keep track of appointments and
    special events.
  • Plan each day by checking your calendar and your
    to-do list.
  • Be realistic about what you can accomplish in any
    given day. Plan for things to take longer than
    you predict.

  • Build flexibility into your schedule so that you
    can make changes.
  • Learn to say no. Its better than letting
    someone down later.
  • Plan for some free time. Dont schedule every
    hour of the day.

Reducing Stress
  • Stress often results from role conflicts.
  • Too much stress can knock you off balance.
  • It can also pull you into a downward spiral the
    more stress you feel, the more difficult is it to
    manage multiple roles.
  • That can lead to more role conflicts and still
    more stress.

Developing Support Systems
  • Managing multiple roles is easer with a good
    support systemall the people ad organizations a
    person can turn to for help.
  • A typical support system might include family,
    friends, and coworkers, as well as professional
    and community services.

  • Think of the roles you have and the people who
    interact with in those roles. How do they
    support you?
  • Talk with those people to see how you can help
    one another.

At Home
  • Many families call on their extended family for
  • Example Support from grandparents in
    transporting children to and from home or for
    child care.
  • These arrangements are often more convenient and
    less expensive than other options.

  • They also give family members the chance to spend
    time with one another and grow closer.
  • Good communication helps family members
    understand each others roles and the demands of
    those roles.
  • If you want your family to support you, be
  • open about the role conflicts you experience.

  • Talk about your various roles. Let your family
    know when you are having problems.
  • Help them understand the demands you face in
    balancing your life.
  • Sharing these concerns not only enhances
    understanding but may give you a new perspective
    and lead to new solutions.

  • In return, be willing to listen to the concerns
    of family members and offer your support.

At Work
  • Like at home, it helps to have a support system
    at work.
  • Having support can make the difference between
    enjoying a job and feeling constant stress due to
    role conflicts.
  • Examples lunch with coworkers after work

Family-Friendly Policies
  • Employers know that their employees have personal
    lives and family obligations.
  • Although employers cant let employees have
    unlimited time off to deal with problems, some
    have introduced family-friendly policies that
    make it easer for employees to balance their

Family-Friendly Policies
  • Flexible work hours.
  • Some companies have introduced flextime, a system
    that allows workers to choose when they will
    begin and end their working day.
  • This allows parents to build their workday around
    their childrens schedules.

  • Compressed schedules.
  • An employee who works a compressed workweek might
    work four ten-hour days and have three days off.
    This is often used in hospitals and in schools
    and universities during the summer months.

  • On-site child care.
  • Companies that provide on-site child care
    facilities make it possible for employees to stay
    close to their children while they work. Parents
    can visit their children during their lunch
    break, and they are on hand if there is any kind
    of emergency.

  • Job sharing.
  • Under this system, two part-time employees share
    one full-time job. They split the hours and the
    pay. One might work in the morning and the other
    in the afternoons, or might work two day one week
    and three the next.
  • The offers flexibility to people who dont need
    or want to work full time.

  • Telecommuting.
  • Technology makes it possible for some employees
    to telecommute or work from home using
    communication links to their job.
  • These links include the telephone, fax, email or

  • It is ideal for people who dont need daily
    face-to-face contact with coworkers. It offers
    flexible work hours and saves travel time. It
    also saves gas expenses.

  • Family and medical leave.
  • Companies with more than 50 employees are
    required by law to allow workers to take time off
    to deal with family and medical emergencies.
    These include up to 12 weeks of leave for sick
    workers, a birth or the adoption of a child, or
    to care for a sick family member.

  • Employers are not required to pay employees
    during this time off.
  • The employees have the assurance that they will
    have a job when they return to work.

In the Community
  • Friends and neighbors often join together for
    mutual support and assistance. Ex one parent
    who waits with small children for the bus.
  • Many communities offer programs and support to
    help families balance their multiple roles.

  • Some schools and places of worship offer
    after-school programs for children as well as
    family activities that encourage family members
    to draw closer.
  • Some community service organizations also arrange
    for supervised after-school programs.

  • Help with caring for older family members may
    also be available from the community.
  • Some communities have day care centers for
    seniors, offering lunches and a range of
    activities and outings .

  • For older people who cant get out, Meals on
    Wheels provides daily hot lunches.
  • Social service agencies can arrange for other
    needed care.

Regaining Lost Balance
  • Everyone experience role conflicts and loses
    balance from time to time.
  • If you find that one of your roles is taking too
    much time and energy and is spilling over into
    other important roles, try to keep things in

  • Remember that you dont have to be perfect.
  • Use your support system.
  • Reexamine your priorities and look fro ways to
    regain the balance in your life
  • The more you practice maintaining balance, the
    easier you will find it becomes.

  • Role conflicts occur when one role spills over
    into another.
  • Difficult situations, unrealistic expectations
    and overcommitment increase role conflicts.

  • An internal sense of balance helps you to manage
    multiple roles.
  • To achieve balance, try to set priorities, manage
    your time, and reduce stress.
  • Support systems are available to help people
    manage multiple roles.

  • In the workplace, family-friendly policies help
    employees balance work and family life.