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Directions for Hypertext Research: Exploring the Design Space for Interactive Scholarly Communicatio

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Computers and New Media (Shipman, 2001 & 2004) Class at The University of Texas ... Focus on text and continuance of existing methods of writing the scientific record ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Directions for Hypertext Research: Exploring the Design Space for Interactive Scholarly Communicatio


1
Directions for Hypertext Research Exploring the
Design Space for Interactive Scholarly
Communication
  • John J. Leggett Frank M. Shipman
  • Department of Computer Science and Center for
    the Study of Digital Libraries
  • Texas AM University

2
Motivation for topic
  • Class at Texas AM University
  • Computers and New Media (Shipman, 2001 2004)
  • Class at The University of Texas
  • Readers, Authors and Libraries Effects of New
    Media (Leggett, 2001 2002)

3
Overview of talk
  • Motivation for a community developed framework
    for interactive scholarly communication
  • Seven dimensions of interactive communication
  • Previous work in the context of the seven
    dimensions
  • Open research questions
  • Conclusions/Goals

4
Brief timeline for improved scholarly
communication
  • 1940s Vannevar Bush
  • 1960s 1970s Nelson, Engelbart, Licklider, van
    Dam
  • 1980s Hypertext research field coalesces
  • 1990s Digital libraries and interactive digital
    storytelling research fields coalesce

5
Current practices of scholarly communication
  • Focus on text and continuance of existing methods
    of writing the scientific record
  • Restructuring old media via point-to-point
    conversions from the static physical world to a
    part of the digital world that is also static
  • The way we make the record is essentially
    unchanged from Vannevar Bushs time

6
A new approach to scholarly communication
  • A wide-open exploration of the design space
    created by new media for writing the scientific
    record
  • Focus on interactive authoring tools and systems
    that will help scholars record the record of
    their ideas and scientific contributions
  • Authoring tools for the digital libraries of
    tomorrow

7
Why are new forms of scholarly communication
needed?
  • Infrastructure is available
  • Internet for dissemination
  • Digital Libraries for archival storage
  • Interactive faction is not keeping up with
    results from interactive fiction
  • Scholarly communication is already broken
  • Existing forms may not be the most efficient
  • New media may be more immersive and engaging

8
Plan of attack
  • Draw upon our collective prior work on hypertext
    systems, interactive fiction, digital libraries,
    interactive digital storytelling, etc. to build
    an initial framework
  • Refine and expand this framework through
    evaluations comparing the impact of different
    interactive media on scholarly communication

9
Research agenda
  • Design new systems for making and consulting the
    scientific record
  • Evaluate and disseminate the results of
    interactive media studies on scholarly
    communication
  • Generate and distribute new interactive media,
    authoring tools, and storytelling engines
  • Improve the general framework for interactive
    scholarly communication

10
Initial framework
  • Interactive media tend to change the relationship
    between the reader and the author
  • A simple model will suffice to discuss the design
    space of interactive scholarly communication

11
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12
Seven dimensions of interactive communication
  • Roles
  • Voices
  • Interaction
  • Indirection
  • History
  • Narrative
  • Media

13
Seven dimensions of interactive communication
  • Roles
  • Voices
  • Interaction
  • Indirection
  • History
  • Narrative
  • Media

14
Prior systems
  • Spatial hypertext (VKB)
  • Digital Scholarship and Publishing (Synchrony)
  • Metadocuments (Waldens Paths)
  • For each system
  • Brief review as media for interactive scholarly
    communication
  • Locate in design space provided by the seven
    dimensions

15
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16
VKB Spaces as media for interactive scholarly
communication
  • Publishing unit is an evolutionary space
  • Authors construct the space over time through
    direct manipulation of visual representations
  • Readers explore the space to understand its
    message
  • Existing media types text, images, music files,
    internal and external links
  • Constructed media types classes, lists,
    collections

17
VKB Spaces in the design space
  • Multiple roles
  • Multiple voices
  • Moderate level of interaction
  • Low level of indirection
  • High level of support for history
  • VKB spaces are most often non-narrative
  • Low to moderate level of media use

18
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19
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20
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21
Synchrony PADLs as media for interactive
scholarly communication
  • Publishing unit a structured presentation of
    streaming video segments and text (transcripts,
    original writing, annotations)
  • Authoring through direct manipulation
  • Readers watch streaming video and read text
  • Existing media types streaming video, text
  • Constructed media types presentations

22
Synchrony PADLs in the design space
  • Multiple roles
  • One voice
  • Low level of interaction
  • Low level of indirection
  • No history
  • Highly narrative
  • Moderate level of media use

23
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24
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25
Waldens Paths as media for interactive scholarly
communication
  • Publishing unit an annotated path
  • Authoring via a path authoring tool
  • Readers browse paths linearly, jump between pages
    of a path, or navigate off the path
  • Existing and constructed media are those offered
    by the web

26
Waldens Paths in the design space
  • Separate author and reader roles
  • Multiple voices due to component pages
  • Medium level of interaction
  • Medium level of indirection
  • No history
  • Medium level of narrative
  • Moderate level of media use

27
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28
Characteristics of communication supported by
ends of spectrum
29
Research questions
  • Should we build research systems to cover the
    high end of these dimensions independently or
    take on several dimensions at a time?
  • Are any of our research systems stable enough to
    support a communitys scholarly writing?
  • Which dimensions should we target?
  • Indirection (e.g. authoring in VKB)
  • Interaction (e.g. AuthorSim)
  • How can we share our interactive media and
    systems?

30
Expected results
  • Conceptual framework for interactive scholarly
    communication
  • Categorization scheme
  • Applicability conditions for the dimensions
  • Tradeoffs among areas in the design space
  • Open source systems providing new forms of
    interactive scholarly communication
  • Writings in our interactive medias that provide
    examples of the scholarly communication we aim to
    enable and facilitate

31
Conclusions/Goals
  • A new community of researchers investigating the
    use of interactive scholarly communication
  • Bridging methods, terminology and context of
    several diverse research communities
  • Broaden the groups presenting their research at
    the hypertext conference
  • Change scholarly practice for the better
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