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STRATEGIES FOR CONDUCTING A JOB SEARCH IN A CHALLENGING ECONOMY

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Title: STRATEGIES FOR CONDUCTING A JOB SEARCH IN A CHALLENGING ECONOMY


1
STRATEGIES FOR CONDUCTING A JOB SEARCH IN A
CHALLENGING ECONOMY
  • Presented by
  • Renée Starek
  • Assistant Director
  • Career and Professional Development Center
  • Carnegie Mellon University

2
STATE OF THE CURRENT JOB MARKET
  • Fewer companies recruiting on campus
  • Fewer companies attending job fairs
  • Economy is slow
  • Many layoffs are occurring
  • Bankruptcies and downsizing in the news
  • Students getting fewer offers
  • Companies taking longer to make offers
  • Companies are being conservative with their money
  • Campus recruiting is down by at least 25 this
    year…

3
STATE OF THE CURRENT JOB MARKET PASSIVE JOB
SEARCH OLD WAY
  • Submit your resume on TartanTrak and wait
  • Attend job fairs
  • Go to Information Sessions
  • Submit your resume on employer websites

4
STATE OF THE CURRENT JOB MARKET ACTIVE JOB SEARCH
NEW WAY
  • Do everything in Passive Job Search and more
  • Network a LOT
  • Connect with more people
  • Find the hidden job market
  • Become more assertive

5
STATE OF THE CURRENT JOB MARKET LOOK AT A VARIETY
OF SECTORS
  • Public Sector .gov
  • Non-Profit Sector .org or .edu
  • Private Sector .com

6
STATE OF THE CURRENT JOB MARKET PUBLIC SECTOR
.GOV
  • Federal
  • State
  • Local (Counties, Boroughs, Cities,
    Municipalities)
  • Military (Research Centers, Military Bases)
  • Public Utility Companies (Energy,
    Telecommunications, Water)
  • .Gov Federal Employment Career Fair, Wednesday,
    November 18th 1000 - 300, University Center

7
STATE OF THE CURRENT JOB MARKET NON-PROFIT
SECTOR .ORG
  • Foundations
  • Performing Arts Organizations
  • Visual Arts Organizations
  • Universities and Colleges
  • Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
  • Social Service Organizations
  • Hospitals
  • Religious Affiliated Organizations
  • http//www.idealist.org/

8
STATE OF THE CURRENT JOB MARKET PRIVATE SECTOR
(FOR PROFIT) SMALL COMPANIES
  • Often dont have human resources to recruit
    aggressively
  • May not have the travel budget to recruit out of
    their local areas
  • Great opportunity to wear many hats
  • Research the company to be sure they are stable

9
STATE OF THE CURRENT JOB MARKET PRIVATE SECTOR
SPIN OFFS START-UPS
  • School of Computer Science Spinoffs
  • http//www.cs.cmu.edu/research/spinoffs/list.html
  • Carnegie Mellon Start-ups
  • http//www.carnegiemellonctt.com/default.aspx?Entr
    yUIDa2ecd7b5-73ba-4f70-bbd0-87bec035af7b
  • Directory of Start-ups
  • http//www.convergedigest.com/StartupDirectoryX/ne
    w_listings.asp?categoryst

10
STATE OF THE CURRENT JOB MARKET PRIVATE SECTOR
FORTUNE 500
  • Now is the time to look at the old economy
    companies
  • May not appear sexy and cool but they are
    stable and offer a variety of opportunities and
    training
  • Although CMU is on the top list of many
    employers, there are other great employers who do
    not recruit at CMU

11
STATE OF THE CURRENT JOB MARKET HIDDEN JOB MARKET
  • Two ways to find a job
  • The employer looks for you (TartanTrak, job
    fairs, websites, etc.)
  • You look for the employer
    the hidden job market (networking,
    CareerSearch database, etc…) 80 of all
    positions are filled without employer
    advertising

12
KNOW THE FACTS START WITH THE BASICS
  • You must assess the following BEFORE you begin
    any
  • job search process
  • your SKILLS
  • your INTERESTS
  • your VALUES
  • your GOALS
  • CAREER OPPORTUNITIES in your field of interest
    (i.e. know the current landscape)

13
KNOW THE FACTS WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO OFFER AN
EMPLOYER
  • Intelligent
  • Curious
  • Good Problem-solver
  • Good Communication Skills (written and oral)
  • Trainable
  • Honest
  • Dedicated and Focused
  • Hardworking
  • Good Personality
  • Think Quickly
  • Take Criticism Well
  • Like Solving Complex Problems
  • May be Published
  • Conducted Independent Research
  • Able to Work Independently
  • Respond Quickly
  • Trained Broadly
  • Good Computational Skills (regardless of major)

14
KNOW THE FACTS WHO HIRES CARNEGIE MELLON
GRADUATES?
  • HERES A SAMPLING OF RECENT EMPLOYERS…
  • Consulting (Accenture, Booz Allen Hamilton)
  • Consumer Products (PG, Reckitt Benckiser, JJ)
  • Defense (Lockheed Martin, Raytheon)
  • Education (University of Pittsburgh, Teach for
    America)
  • Financial Services (Jane Street Capital, Goldman
    Sachs)
  • Government (USPTO, NIOSH, NSA, FDA)
  • Manufacturing (Dow Corning, Lutron, PPG)
  • Pharmaceuticals (Merck, Pfizer)
  • RD Centers (MIT Lincoln Labs, Johns Hopkins APL)
  • Services (Schlumberger)
  • Technology (Google, Microsoft, LinkShare)
  • PLUS MANY MORE…

15
GET READY FOR YOUR JOB SEARCH DO I NEED TO
FOLLOW A TRADITIONAL CAREER PATH RELATED TO MY
ACADEMIC MAJOR?
  • No! Remember…the important aspect is to
  • make sure that your plan fits your career goal.
  • Your Career Consultant is here to help you
  • regardless of your intended path.

16
GET READY FOR YOUR JOB SEARCH BUILD A SOLID
FOUNDATION
  • What type of work do you want and where can you
    find it
  • Apply for jobs that will move you a step closer
    toward your desired career goal (this may not be
    your ideal job)
  • Determine available and applicable resources
    (talk to your Career Consultant)
  • Develop resume, cover letter, and portfolio (if
    appropriate) that is congruent with your career
    goal
  • Prepare for job interviews with lots of practice
    (mock interviews)
  • Know what content belongs in a cover letter and
    secure samples
  • Think about who you will ask to be your
    references and create a reference list
  • Secure sample thank you letters to review in an
    effort to help you draft your own after your
    interview

17
GET READY FOR YOUR JOB SEARCH! ATTEND WORKSHOPS
  • You were not born knowing all of the nuances of a
    job search
  • Job search skills are learned through time and
    practice
  • See the workshop schedule at www.cmu.edu/career
  • If you cannot attend a workshop, stop by the
    Career Center for handouts from the event and
    make an appointment with your Career Consultant
    to summarize what was covered.

18
GET READY FOR YOUR JOB SEARCH! SCHEDULE A MOCK
INTERVIEW
  • When the economy is uncertain, good interviewing
    skills are essential!
  • You have options…
  • REAL RECRUITER Sign-up the first week of each
    semester via TartanTrak (note this is a general
    interviewthe employer does not need to be within
    your target industry)
  • CAREER CONSULTANT Call 8-2064 to schedule or
    stop by the Career Center to schedule in person

19
GET READY FOR YOUR JOB SEARCH! KNOW WHAT YOUR
SKILLS ARE WORTH
  • Check the career website for your college to view
    average salaries reported by the 2009 senior
    class
  • Stop by the Career and Professional Development
    Center to review the average salaries reported by
    NACE
  • Confirm your salary range with your Career
    Consultant

20
GET READY FOR YOUR JOB SEARCH! DEVELOP AND
PRACTICE YOUR SAMPLE 60 SECOND COMMERCIAL
  • The statement tell me about yourself exists in
    many
  • situations besides interviews. Your commercial
    should
  • cover three parts
  • 1. Your background
  • 2. Brief statement of skills, strengths, and
    accomplishments
  • 3. Your job focus

21
GET READY FOR YOUR JOB SEARCH! SAMPLE 60 SECOND
COMMERCIAL
  • Part One Your Background
  • My degree is in Chemistry and I am graduating in
    May
  • 2010. I work 20 hours a week in the Collins lab
    here at
  • Carnegie Mellon where I have been able to get
    hands on
  • research experience in environmental chemistry.
    In
  • addition, I work as Student Ambassador which has
  • allowed me to improve my interpersonal skills.

22
GET READY FOR YOUR JOB SEARCH! SAMPLE 60 SECOND
COMMERCIAL
  • Part Two Brief Statement of your Skills,
    Strengths,
  • and Accomplishments
  • Through my experiences, I have refined my
    technical
  • research skills as well as my communication
    skills. I am
  • analytically oriented and have strong problem
    solving
  • and computational skills. Last summer, I was a
    recipient
  • of a Small Undergraduate Research Grant from
    Carnegie
  • Mellon. I was also elected as president of my
    sorority.

23
GET READY FOR YOUR JOB SEARCH! SAMPLE 60 SECOND
COMMERCIAL
  • Part Three Your Job Focus
  • My career goal is to work in research and
    development for a
  • consumer product company. I believe I have the
    traits to
  • make me a successful candidate. I have research
  • experience, I can juggle multiple tasks, I have a
    positive
  • attitude, and excellent communication skills. I
    believe my
  • strongest assets are my solid work ethic and my
    ability to work
  • with a wide variety of people and personalities.

24
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES JOB FAIRS
  • Are job fairs really for all students?
  • Prepare NOW - have your resume checked beforehand
  • Write and practice your elevator pitch
  • Research the companies that interest you and have
    a plan of action
  • Wear a suit
  • Make sure you have a ranking of the companies you
    want to visitlines are long and you may not have
    time to get to them all
  • Be assertive!

25
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES ALUMNI DIRECTORY
  • Available at www.cmu.edu/alumni
  • Profiles of alums willing to help you with your
    job search
  • Searchable database that you can access now
  • Allow your Career Consultant help you with best
    practices for communicating with alumni

26
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES CLASSIFIED ADS
  • For classified ads from several cities and
    locations,
  • check
  • http//bonafideclassified.com/voyager.cfm
  • Consider Bizjournal listings for popular cities
  • http//www.bizjournals.com/jobs/

27
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES NETWORKING
  • Network within your comfort zone
  • Networking with everyone you can may put you in
    contact with someone who can offer you the type
    of job you are seeking
  • Some networking ideas include
  • Faculty
  • Family
  • Friends
  • Internship Supervisors
  • Alumni
  • ANYONE you know!

28
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES COLLEGE CAREER WEBSITE
  • Check the career website for your college and you
    will
  • find valuable job search advice and resources
  • You can connect to your college career website
    at
  • http//www.studentaffairs.cmu.edu/career/students_
    alumni/index.html

29
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES TartanTrak
  • Very good resource for some, but not an abundance
    of opportunities for others.
  • You must actively submit a resume for each and
    every position of interest to you
  • Check at least once per week to view new
    opportunities

30
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES INFORMATION SESSIONS
  • Great way to network and learn what companies
    have to offer
  • Schedule is found on TartanTrak
  • No need to register for these events

31
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES INTERNSHIP SITES
  • If an organization offers internships, they most
    likely have full-time openings
  • Check with your Career Consultant for the best
    internship resources for your career goal
  • Good method for finding places to apply when you
    feel out of ideas

32
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES COMPANY WEBSITES
  • Virtually all mid-size to large companies will
    post their opportunities on their company website
  • Consider always following-up an online
    application with networking (i.e. use the Alumni
    Database)

33
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES CareerSearch DATABASE
  • Allows you to search for companies by industry,
    geographic location, and/or keyword
  • Good resource for finding a job in a particular
    industry or geographic location
  • Access via your college website

34
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES GOING GLOBAL
  • Allows job seeker to search for opportunities
    abroad
  • Provides information regarding country and
    assimilation into the culture of the country
  • New offering showing where international students
    can work in the United States
  • Link to resource via your college website

35
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES VAULT
  • FREE resource via your college website
  • 90 industry career and employer guides
  • Occupational profiles
  • Company research to help prepare for interviews
  • Internship database
  • Job search message boards
  • Graduate school application advice and resources

36
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES JOB SEARCH WEBSITES
  • Not all sites are created equal! Make sure the
    site you are using is a legitimate and ethical
    source of information
  • Contact your Career Consultant for the best
    websites based on your career goal and interests

37
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES SHORT-TERM JOBS
  • Upon graduation, some students seek short-term
    opportunities prior to graduate level training
  • Consider the following
  • Americorp
  • Peace Corp
  • Teach for America (and similar programs)
  • Teaching Abroad
  • Research in an Educational or Medical Institution
  • Reputable Professional Search Firms (i.e.
    Aerotech, Ian Martin, Ciber, Lab Support,
    Manpower Professional, Kelly, etc…)

38
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES TO BE CONTINUED…
  • New resources and programs are constantly being
    planned. Watch your email for details.
  • READ ALL EMAILS FROM YOUR ADVISOR AND FROM THE
    CAREER AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT CENTER

39
JOB SEARCH ALTERNATIVE GRADUATE SCHOOL
  • Is graduate school the right choice for you right
    now?
  • Is your rationale pure?
  • Are you passionate about your intended area of
    study?
  • What are the application deadlines for your
    target schools?
  • Have you taken the GRE? Subject tests?
  • Work with your advisor!

40
JOB SEARCH ALTERNATIVE VOLUNTEERING
  • Many Programs Offer
  • Room board
  • Modest stipends
  • Health insurance
  • Student loan deferral
  • Paid travel to and from site
  • How You Benefit
  • Satisfaction from serving a community
  • Gain a better understanding of yourself
  • Develop career skills
  • Global experience (if abroad)
  • Interesting resume builder
  • Networking

41
KEYS TO A SUCCESSFUL JOB SEARCH
  • Start early…yes this means NOW
  • Treat your job search like a 9 unit course in
    terms of time spent in preparation
  • Develop a PERFECT resume and EXCELLENT interview
    skills
  • Start a spreadsheet and stay organized
  • Plan on distributing potentially over 100 resumes
  • Network with everyone and tell them what you want
  • Create your job search strategy and know the best
    places to look for your career goal
  • Be persistent and resilient!
  • Work closely with your Career Consultant!
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