Youth Labor Training Program PROJoven - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Youth Labor Training Program PROJoven

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... 47 000 young poor people and 15 cities are involved in the project. ... Need for a legal model of contracting young people in the country. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Youth Labor Training Program PROJoven


1
Youth Labor Training Program PROJoven
  • Teodoro Sanz (Planning Unit)
  • Juanpedro Espino (Evaluation of Impacts Area)
  • October 4, 2004

2
Description of Project
  • Target group
  • Young men and women between the ages of 16 and 24
    who have little or no labor experience,
    unemployed or underemployed, and who may or may
    not have completed their secondary education.
  • Rationale for intervention
  • Young people face higher unemployment and
    underemployment rates (12.9 and 54 - 2001
    National Household Survey- Urban Areas),
    especially the poorest ones
  • Lack of links between training institutions and
    productive sector (structural problem in the
    country educational system has been called in
    crisis)
  • Project goals
  • To increase the possibilities for young poor
    people to access to the formal labor market
    through the acquisition of job skills and/or work
    attitudes.
  • To enhance the competition and market efficiency
    of training institutions.

3
Description of Project
  • Project design principles
  • Demand driven approach
  • Targeting process
  • Evaluation of impacts
  • Articulation between training institutions and
    productive sector
  • Government as a promoting agent.
  • Project duration
  • Projoven was created in 1996 (1st phase- UNDP,
    KFW, National Funds, so on).
  • Since 2004, IADB funds the program for the next 4
    years.

4
Description of Project
  • Project inputs
  • Information coming from household surveys
  • Researches related to training institutions and
    companies carried out by the program.
  • YES framework for action
  • Equity, Environment, Entrepreneurship,
    Employment, Empowerment and

5
Project Cycle
  • Conceptualization
  • The program was adapted to Peruvian reality from
    previous similar experiences in Chile and
    Argentina.
  • Some incentives for stakeholders
  • The Ministry of Labor seeks to reduce overall
    unemployment and underemployment rates.
  • Training institutions increase their profits and
    also improve the adequacy of their courses.
  • Companies receive qualified workers especially
    trained for their needs.
  • Implementation
  • The program was initially implemented in Lima
    (1997) but it gradually expands its coverage (10
    cities- goal is 14 cities).

6
What are the Results?
  • Numbers of persons reached by the activities
  • After 7 years of implementation, the number of
    beneficiaries is around 37,000. 55 of them are
    women.
  • 4,500 companies have participated in the program
    and 160 training institutions have given courses.
  • Impact evaluation results (8th round)
  • After 12 months of training, 67 of program
    participants found a job (55 are working as
    salaried workers) and their monthly incomes
    increased by100.
  • Response from the community
  • Active participation from the parents and friends
    of beneficiaries.
  • A great number of companies have constant
    participation.

7
Plans for the Future
  • The program is beginning its second part IADB
    Loan-Beneficiaries 47 000 young poor people and
    15 cities are involved in the project.
  • To establish this type of intervention as a
    National Policy.

8
Challenges and Lessons
  • Problems faced
  • Lack of institutional learning process in terms
    of the recognition of individual training
    institutions performance and the relevance of
    courses offerings.
  • Need for a legal model of contracting young
    people in the country.
  • High proportion of informal market activities.
  • What new knowledge has been generated based on
    experiences?
  • Effective targeting is a crucial element in
    expanding program services and/or number of
    beneficiaries.
  • Continuous process of evaluation of impacts is
    necessary to carry out the program.
  • Interaction between entrepreneur qualifications
    requirements and training institutions.
  • The training yields returns only for those youths
    who complete the entire program (both phases of
    training).
  • Political Commitment is crucial for successful
    results.
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