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La recherche. Institute of High Pressure Physics. L'usine ... Varsovie le Parc de Lazienki, monument de F. Chopin. Je vous invite Varsovie. Jan Pluta ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Prezentacja programu PowerPoint


1
en Pologne
Jan Pluta Faculté de Physique
2
Perspectives énergétiques de la Pologne
3
La Premiere Cooperation Franco- Polonaise
4
France
France
et
Pologne
(comparaison)
5
Pologne France Rapport Pl/Fr
surface 322 577 km² 547 026 km² 0.59
population 38 189 000 60 656 178 0.63
densité de population 123 pers./km² 111 pers./km² 1.108
6
Perspectives énergétiques de la Pologne
7
Current status Production of electric energy
(2005) approx. 150 TWh. It is sufficient for
the needs of country. Conclusion No needs to
build new electric power plants.
but
8
comparison
Poland 150 TWh. France 580 TWh It
corresponds for Poland 580TWh 0.6 348
TWh More than two times more !!!
  • What is the reason for this difference?
  • Smaller needs of industry.
  • Using of coal and/or other fuels where the
    electricity can be used.

9
Contribution of different sources of energy in
the world production of electricity.
Contribution of different sources of energy in
the production of electricity in Poland (95 -
coal)
Charbon 95 !!!
http//www.biomasa.org/edukacja/odnawialnezrodlaen
ergii
10
  • Why we need new electric power stations?
  • Development of industry and social infrastructure
  • Decreasing of CO2, SO2, NOX emission
  • Diversification of the sources of energy

11
  • What new source of energy is suitable for Poland?
  • Coal NO (emission of CO2, SO2, NOX
    diversification)
  • Oil or gas, NO (dependence on Russia ?)
  • Renewable sources of energy
  • Water already used
  • Wind OK. but insufficient
  • Geothermal sources too low source temperature
  • Sun OK. but insufficient
  • Biomass unrealistic and unreasonable
  • Nuclear OK. but....................

12
... and what about the windmills?
13
Today there are more than 400 nuclear power
reactors in operation in 31 countries around the
world. Generating electricity for nearly 1
billion people, they account for approximately
almost 17 percent of worldwide electricity
generation and provide half or more of the
electricity in a number of industrialized
countries.
14
  • Nuclear OK. but....................
  • Czarnobyl Society say No more!
  • Coal resources sufficient for 30 50 years
  • Future of the coal mining industry (mines and
    miners) ??? (social problem)
  • No experts in Poland (The construction of first
    nuclear power plant in Poland was stopped after
    the Czarnobyl disaster.)

15
Coal or Nuclear energy Competition.
Unacceptable! Is it possible to change
competition ? cooperation (?) That is the
question
16
Up to now the nuclear plants were only used for
the production of electric energy. ... but maybe
there are some other possibilities?
17
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18
  • High-temperature nuclear plants of 4-th
    generation
  • can be the solution of the problem, as
  • electric energy production,
  • Coal ? gas or liquid fuel
  • natural source exist in Poland (coal)
  • Social problem resolved (miners)
  • Independence on the source of liquid/gas fuels
    (Russia)
  • High (9000C) temperature useful for many
    technological
  • processes, e.g. production of Hydrogen.

19
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20
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21
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22
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23
Some numbers on Hydrogen production and
application
  • The world production of Hydrogen in 2004 is more
    than 50 millions ton.
  • 95 of Hydrogen is produced from the natural gas
  • 50 is used for the production of fertilizer
    artificial
  • 40 is used by the oil refinery
  • 97 is produced close to the location of its
    application
  • 10 - year increase of world production of
    Hydrogen

http//web.mit.edu/pebble-bed
24
Hydrogen in Poland today Nitrogen processing
2 miliards m3 of natural gas used for the
production of Hydrogen and ammonia CH4 2H2O
? CO2 4H2 N2 3H2 ? 2NH3 High
temperature reactor could diminish the year using
of natural gas up to some hundreds of millions
m3.
25
Hydrogen in Poland today oil refinery
System for Hydrogen production at the Plock
refinery is using up to 100 thousands m3/h what
is making possible to produce 80 thousands tons
of Hydrogen per year. This hydrogen is then used
for the processes like hydrokraking to produce
light hydrocarbons from the heavy fraction of
oil. High temperature reactor used in the oil
refinery could increase the year production of
commercial liquid fuels up to some hundreds of
ton (and/or decrease the using of oil)
26
High temperature reactor in small and efficient
power plant
  • Thanks to high temperature, T 900 oC, the
    efficiency of the change of heat to electricity
    is about 45
  • In the case of coal plant this efficiency is less
    than 40, and for currently working nuclear
    plants is about 35
  • The possibility of construction of small,
    efficient end ecological coal plant is unrealistic

Small, efficient nuclear power plant will make
competition for gas power plant not for a large
coal plant.
27
Heat of the reactor for the coal processing and
production of gas and liquid fuel
The first stage of synthetic petrol production is
carbon processinfg for gas C H2O ? CO H2 In
the next stages the CO2 is removed from the
synthetic gas and the synthesis of hydrogen with
carbon oxide is making 17H2 8CO ? C8H18
8H2O This technology is well known but is
expensive and strenuous for the environment. Some
tons of coal should be used to change on ton for
the synthetic petrol. The heat from the high
temperature reactor will make possible to change
even some hundreds of tons of coal for liquid
fuel and this process will be friendly for the
environment.
28
Hydrogen the fuel of the future
  • Hydrogen is seen as a fuel of the future but
    will become it only when some condition are
    fulfilled
  • Efficient, cheep and clean technologies of
    Hydrogen production
  • Systems of hydrogen storage
  • Fuel cells, making efficiently electricity from
    Hydrogen and Oxygen

29
High temperature reactor in the industrial centre
Hydrogen
Technological heat T 900 oC
Reactor
Electricity
30
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31
Fuel elements of high temperature reactor
http//www.pbmr.com
32
Construction of high temperature reactor
http//web.mit.edu/pebble-bed/index.html
33
Reaktor wysokotemperaturowy
http//web.mit.edu/pebble-bed/index.html
34
And what with the radioactive waste?
  • Reactor use some tens of tons of fuel par year.
  • Storage of radiactive waste will be near the
    reactor duriong approx. 50 years of reactor
    operation and 50 years after the end of work.
  • The storage place do not need a forced cooling
  • From the very begin the fuel is in almost
    nondestructive microcapsules
  • The recycling of fuel is not predicted.

35
Conclusion The high temperature 4-th
generation nuclear reactor is a good solution for
Poland.
36
...and what about the future generations?
37
THE NUCLEAR FUSION
38
Tokamak ITER In Cadarache (FRANCE)
"???????????? ?????? ? ????????? ????????"
39
Welcome to
Warsaw University of Technology
History since 1826
Students 30 000
Academic staff 2500
other staff 2000
17 faculties
the main building of WUT
40
Warsaw University of Technology
Gaudeamus igitur...
Celebration of the new Academic Year
41
Warsaw University of Technology
Celebration of the new Academic Year
42
  • Ecole Polytechnique de Varsovie la structure
  • Faculté dArchitecture
  • Faculté de Chimie
  • Faculté dElectronique et Techniques
    dInformation
  • Faculté dElectrotechnique
  • Faculté de Physique
  • Faculté de Géodésie et Cartographie
  • Faculté de Génie Chimique et de Génie des
    Procédés
  • Faculté de Génie Civil
  • Faculté de Génie des Matériaux
  • Faculté de Génie de Production

43
Ecole Polytechnique de Varsovie la
structure (suite)
  • Faculté de Génie de lEnvironnement
  • Faculté des Mathématiques et Sciences
    dInformation
  • Faculté dEnergétique et de Génie Aérospatial
  • Faculté de Mécatronique
  • Faculté des Voitures et Machines Lourdes
  • Faculté de Transport
  • Faculté de Génie Civil, Mécanique et Pétrochimie
  • Collège des Sciences Sociales et dAdministration
  • Collège des Sciences Economiques et Sociales
  • Ecole des Affaires (Bussiness School)
  • Centre Inter facultés de Biotechnologie
  • Ecole des Sciences Techniques et Sociales

44
Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University of
Technology
  • Divisions
  • Complex systems
  • Optics
  • Semiconductors
  • Solid State Ionics
  • Condensed Matter Structure
  • Solid State Technology
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Nonlinear Optics

45
Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University of
Technology
Some important events at the Faculty
Ceremony of Marie Curie fellowships awards
... led by prof. Gerard t Hooft.
46
Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University of
Technology
Some important events at the Faculty
Meeting of Polish Physicists September 2005
47
Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University of
Technology
Some important events at the Faculty
Festival of science 2005 Physics under
the sails and wings
48
Polowinki
49
Cooperation with EMN
50
Before - scientific cooperation since 1991
experiments E183, E193, E286 at GANIL,
and NA44 at
CERN
Cooperation agreement signed 24 March 1997 by
director of EMN Mr. Germinet and rector of
WUT Mr. Woznicki during the visit of EMN
delegation in Warsaw
After - Rapid development of cooperation
in research and education
51
Cooperation agreement (in Polish)
52
Visit of the delegation from WUT with the Rector
(J. Woznicki) at EMN
53
An idea of Mr Germinet
Three base elements of cooperation
Cooperation of teachers
Exchange of students
Common research
54
Exchange of students
  • Industrial Training of EMN
  • students in Poland

Research training of WUT students in France
International student project (PCI)
55
3-months Industrial Training of EMN students in
Poland (1997 - 2005)
  • Number of students, (months) 31, (93)
  • Examples of placements
  • Metallurgic Plant Warszawa-Luccini
  • Polish Telecom TPSA
  • Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology
  • Institute of Aviation
  • Cancer Therapy Centre in Kielce
  • Establishment for Nuclear Equipment in Swierk
  • Warsaw University of Technology

56
Research training of students from WUT at EMN
(1997 -2004)
  • Number of studentstutors, (months) 54, (85)
  • The subjects of research projects
  • Analysis of the results from E286 experiment at
    GANIL
  • Data Base system for SSD detector of STAR
    experiment
  • System of Data Acquisition for STAR-SSD
  • Data Base for the construction of ALICE detector
  • Non-identical particle correlations measured by
    STAR
  • Three-dimensional Imaging Technique

57
International student project (PCI)
Autumn 1998 Application of semiconductor
detectors for sterilisation of medical materials
Autumn 99 3 common student projects with
Faculty of Physics and Faculty of Environmental
Engineering
Autumn 2000 new projects with two faculties of
WUT
January 2001 exchange of students (in both
directions) between EMN at WUT in the
frame of PCI
Autumn 2001 realisation of PCI project on
Radon... (spontaneous visit of EMN
students in Warsaw)
---------------------------- Autumn 2002 -
realisation of the next PCI project etc...
58
PCI project 2001/2002 Radon radiation in
private and public buildings
Dr Wolkowicz from Polish Geological
Institute demonstrates the instrument for radon
measurements...
...and makes the real measurements with French
and Polish students in December 2001.
59
Final report on PCI in 1999/2000 academic year in
Warsaw
...presentation
Consultation ... just before...
...and happy after presentation!
Visit in the power plant Kaweczyn
60
Cooperation of teachers
September 99 (WUTgtEMN) Visit at EMN of D.
Soltyska the head of Foreign Language Division
at WUT
June 2000 (EMNgtWUT) Visit of the delegation of
EMN in Warsaw (presentation of the principles of
APA )
March 2002 (WUTgtEMN) Visit of Prof. Galwas
and Dr. Grabski at EMN, demonstration of
distance laboratories for students
June 2002 (WUTltgtEMN) ALE2002 - Active
Leaning in Engineering Education organised by
John Miller-Jones from EMN with participation
of Jan Pluta from WUT
61
Pol-Bernard Gossiaux form EMN demonstrates the
principles of APA () for the teachers and
students at The Faculty of Physics, WUT
() APA Apprentissage Par Action
62
APA LApprentissage Par lAction Learning by
Doing, Nauczanie przez Dzialanie A new way
of teaching at EMN
The idea... show complicated phenomena in a
simple way... (an example)
63
Robert Germinet The original title Lapprentiss
age de lincertain (my translation) Learning
(preparation) of (to) Uncertain
64
Common research
65
Experiment
at Brookhaven National Laboratory
RHIC Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider
EMN WUT scientific cooperation ( I
) Participation in STAR Experiment at
BNL Brookhaven New York USA
STAR
Long Island New York, USA
Emc2
see http//www.star. bnl.gov/
66
Experiment ALICE at CERN
EMN WUT scientific cooperation ( II
) Participation in ALICE Experiment at
CERN (Geneva)
ALICE
see http//alice.web.cern.ch/Alice/AliceNew
67
UrQMD Ultra-relativistic Quantum-Molecular
Dynamics
68
Scientific cooperation
Phone meeting at EMN i the frame of common
participation In the STAR experiment at
Brookhaven National Lab. (USA)
On line are participants from Warsaw,
Brookhaven, Berkeley, Washington, Columbus...
69
Arrangement of cooperation (an example)
70
How it works?
Organisation of the EMN students training in
Poland
1. I am sending the propositions of the training
subjects to EMN
From pluta_at_mars.if.pw.edu.pl Tue Dec 13 105550
2005 Date Tue, 13 Dec 2005 105550 0100
(CET) From Jan Pluta ltpluta_at_mars.if.pw.edu.plgt To
M-me Nicole Poedras ltNicole.Poedras_at_emn.frgt Subj
ect sujets de stages en Pologne Bonjour, J'ai
les premiers sujets pour 4 personnes.
amities,

Jan

A. Dans "Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and
Technology" http//www.ichtj.waw.pl 1.
APPLICATION OF ISOTOPE RATIO MASS SPECTROMETRY
(IRMS) FOR EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL
PROCESSES (WATER EXCHANGE POLLUTENTS EMISSION
AND DISTRIBUTION) AND FOR FOOD AUTHENTICITY
DETERMINATION (WINE, JUICES, etc.) Supervisor
Dr Jacek Palige, e-mail jpalige_at_ichtj.waw.pl 2.
CREATION OF THE INTERNET DATA BASE FOR THE
AMBIENT DUST MONITORING NET. All information from
the dust monitoring stations are to to be stored
in the base. Communication between stations an
the base is provided by the internet and
GSM. Supervisor Adrian Jakowiuk, BSc, MSc
e-mail a_jakowiuk_at_ichtj.waw.pl

Dans "Establishment for Nuclear
Equipment" http//www.zdaj.com
....................................... etc.
71
2. Student is sending mail to his future
supervisor.
From jeanberniolles_at_gmail.com Wed Jan 11 192440
2006 Date Wed, 11 Jan 2006 192433 0100 From
Jean Berniolles ltjeanberniolles_at_gmail.comgt To
a_jakowiuk_at_ichtj.waw.pl Cc pluta_at_if.pw.edu.pl,
Nicole.Poedras_at_emn.fr Subject Placement inquiry
CREATION OF THE INTERNET DATA BASE Dear Mr
Jakowiuk, As a part of my training in the third
year at the EMN, an engineering school of Nantes,
France, we have the possibility to carry out a
3-month placement abroad. I am writing to you
because Mrs Poedras forwarded me the subject of
the internship. I think you will appreciate my
technical skills in internet programming (php,
MySQL, Java E) and my ability to understand
new systems and languages as well as applying the
knowledge I have acquired. I think that this
placement is a fantastic opportunity to discover
a new culture and to expand my knowledge in
fields (internet programming, databases, mobile
access E) I want to be more skilled in. I will
be available from the beginning of May to the end
of August. I would be pleased to discuss my
resume with you in more detail during an
interview. In the meanwhile, do not hesitate to
contact me by email should you require any
further information. I look
forward to hearing from you.

Jean Berniolles
72
More info... (from Mme Nicole Poedras)
Eleves de lEcole des Mines de Nantes intéressés
par un stage en Pologne en 2006
 
 
73
3. They start to exchange mails, sometimes also
phones or faxes in order to clarify the
details of the training 4. A am arranging the
lodgiing for student(s) in the guest house of
our school, sometimes some financial support, 5.
In the begin of May students are coming to Poland
for the training. 6. At the end of training the
supervisor is sending an information with the
evaluation of the student activity during the
training to EMN. 7. EMN is sending an
acknowledgement to the supervisor.
It was done already with 31 students of EMN
74
Foto - report
Group of Polish students (with tutors) in Nantes
75
Foto - report
Group of French students in Warsaw
76
French and Polish students in the Central
Laboratory for Radioprotection in Warsaw
77
(No Transcript)
78
Foto - report
Working together PCI
79
Reception for French students by Dean of the
Faculty of Physics in Warsaw
80
Visit of Profs J. Martino and B. Erazmus from
SUBATECH at WUT, January 2003
81
Additional results of cooperation Work of EMN
students in French Enterprises or Agencies in
Poland. Many private visits in Poland of EMN
students, after passing 3-month training in
Polish Enterprises. ...and also New
French-Polish family of EMN student Elric
Peyre, married with Polish girl - found by
him in Warsaw during the 3-month training in
1997.
82
La promenade dans Varsovie
83
Varsovie la Vieille Ville
84
Varsovie la Gare Centrale
85
Hypermarchés français à Varsovie
La France en Pologne
86
Warsaw Old town
87
Warsaw- Central Railway Station
88
Varsovie le monument de A. Mickiewicz
89
Varsovie le centre ville 1
90
Aleje Jerozolimskie
91
Varsovie la rue Swietokrzyska
92
Varsovie le Parc de Lazienki, monument de F.
Chopin
Je vous invite à Varsovie. Jan Pluta
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