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INTERNET AND DATA COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE IN BANGLADESH - Special Emphasis for Education and Research

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Grameen are upgrading fiber optic cable network of bangladesh railway ... The fiber optic cable laid along railway tract should be further utilized ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INTERNET AND DATA COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE IN BANGLADESH - Special Emphasis for Education and Research


1
INTERNET AND DATA COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE
IN BANGLADESH - Special Emphasis for Education
and Research
  • S. M. Lutful Kabir, PhD
  • Professor and Director
  • Institute of Information and Communication
    Technology
  • Bangladesh University of Engineering and
    Technology

2
History of Internet in Bangladesh
  • First, UUCP email in 1993
  • IP Connectivity in 1996
  • Present user 3,00,000 representing 0.24
    penetration

3
Research and Education
  • Education in Computer first started at BUET in
    1984
  • 83,796 primary level institutions
  • 5694 secondary institutions
  • 15748 secondary institutions
  • 2339 higher secondary and degree colleges
  • 30 numbers of Universities

4
IT Development
  • Governments Emphasis to establish
  • high capacity fiber optic telecommunication
    backbone
  • Local Information and Infrastructure (LII)
  • National Information and Infrastructure (NII)
  • Global Information and Infrastructure (GII)
  • Exemption tax from Computer items
  • Distribution of computers to schools
  • Computerization of government offices

5
Village Computer and Internet
  • Familiarizing village people
  • Providing computer training at a minimul price
  • Providing email facility
  • Easier access to relevant market information
  • Enabling student contact for higher education
  • Creating IT related Job opportunity

6
MEDINET
  • Range of information resources related to health
  • Doctors get help from the resources
  • Connects to the Internet every hour through a
    commercial ISP
  • Helps user to acquire articles from reputed
    journal

7
IP Telephony
  • Much cheaper than conventional telephone system
  • At present, illegal
  • Individuals and commercial user still uses IP
    telephone
  • Government considering the formal permission
    system for IP telephone

8
e-Governance
  • Make significant contribution in establishing
    good governance in the country
  • To stop the corruption by introducing
    transparency
  • Government has given serious consideration for
    its introduction

9
e-Commerce
  • is not progressing because
  • poor network infrastructure
  • lack of human resources
  • absence of related rules
  • Government has formed a committee to
  • Standardization
  • Interoperability
  • e-Commerce facilitates business community

10
e-Banking
  • Most of the bank use the computerized system
  • But they do not yet offer online or e-service
  • Standard Chartered Bank first launched Internet
    banking
  • A seven bank consortium offers now e-banking

11
IT Policy
  • A national IT policy has been drafted and under
    consideration in the parliament
  • In the draft, the computer education has been
    given top priority

12
Intellectual Proprietary Rights (IPR) Laws
  • In 2000, Government approved IPR Law
  • The law enforcing agency being unfamiliar with
    the application
  • So, still wide spread pirated software is used
  • Data security and interoperability will be
    promoted
  • through setting up encryption standard and
    international agreements on interoperability

13
IT (Electronic Transaction) Acts
  • In May 2002, Government announced plan to
    legislate e-commerce
  • Legislation of digital signature and electronic
    document is underway
  • The Bangladesh Law commission has drafted IT act
  • circulated among stakeholders
  • designed to cover cyber crimes

14
Nationwide Internet and Data Network
  • A variety of data network are slowly emerging
  • Digital Switches capable of services such as ISDN
    have been installed nationwide
  • Various organizations have, or are in the process
    of installing LAN
  • Internet backbone required for data
    communication, software development, data entry
    require to be upgraded

15
Transmission System
  • mainly composed of microwave, UHF and VHF radio
    links
  • major links are star formation network structure
  • use of optical fiber is presently limited within
    some city areas connecting local exchange and
    remote RSU
  • all thana headquarters (smallest administrative
    units) are connected with their respective
    districts through radio links

16
Transmission System (continued)
  • majority of the network is operated by
    Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board (BTTB)
  • amongst the private operators, BRTA have
    established a microwave link between Dhaka and
    Sylhet
  • Grameen are upgrading fiber optic cable network
    of bangladesh railway
  • established a 140 Mbit/s microwave link between
    Khulna and Chittagong via Barisal

17
International Communication Facility
  • Standard A Satellite Earth Station in 1975 at
    Betbunia to work with INTELSAT system
  • Second Satellite Earth Station at Talibabad
  • International Subscriber Dialling (ISD) facility
    in December 1983
  • Satellite earth station along with an
    International Trunk Exchange (ITX) was
    commissioned in Mohakhali, Dhaka in 1994.
  • Direct Satellite Link between Sylhet and London
    in June, 1995

18
International Switching Center
  • Three International Switching Center (ISC)
  • One at Mohakhali
  • Two at Mogbazar

19
International Maritime Satellite
  • INMARSAT provides mobile communication services
    for ships and aircrafts.
  • BTTB have five INMARSAT A terminals operating
    through (land Earth Station) LES located at Jeddah

20
International VSAT Services
  • Communication established through geostationary
    satellite (in this region ASIASAT).
  • Five-year BOT agreement with Pak DataCom
  • Allowed for corporate data communication and
    cannnot be terminated to any public switched
    telephone network (PSTN)

21
Digital Data Network (DDN)
  • In Dhaka and three other major cities
  • Plans to extend for all of the 64 districts
  • An X.25 Packet Switched Data Network (PSDN) in
    Dhaka and five other cities in 1994
  • Inter-city connectivity through microwave link
  • The cable TV network is being considered as a
    future option of data transfer

22
InfoBahn Project
  • establish a national IP gateway
  • interconnect the local Internet Service Providers
    (ISPs)
  • connect ISPs to the PSTN through E1 trunks
  • introduce packet switch along with the existing
    circuit switched PSTN
  • offer Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)

23
Internet Service Providers
  • In 1996, first provider is ISN
  • Connection charge is as low as 50 paisa (1.2 JPY)
    per minute
  • About 80 is email service
  • Registered with ISP 1,00,000 users
  • Total Internet users is 3,20,000
  • Mainly Dhaka Based
  • Few ISPs are at Chittagong, Sylhet, Rajshahi and
    Khulna

24
Constraints on Internet Growth
  • Underdeveloped IT industry
  • Limited trained human resources
  • Poor telecommunication infrastructure
  • Low level of computer literacy
  • Widespread poverty
  • Limited point of presence of ISPs
  • Lack of software and content in Bangla

25
Human Resources
  • Government fixes top priority in developing human
    resources
  • At present country produces around 2000 graduates
    in IT related field
  • Target was to produce 10,000 programmer by 2001,
    but it did not achieved
  • Renowned public Institutes are BUET, DU, JU,
    SUST, RU etc
  • Private University NSU, AUST, EWU, AMA, UAP, etc

26
IT Training Institutes
  • Short training specially vendor specific
  • These training get obsolete as the product
    changes
  • A strong background in IT is necessary
  • Most of the institutes are just commercial
  • No standard is maintained
  • Lack of good trainer
  • Lack of up-to-date Syllabus

27
Measures for HRD
  • Uniform course curricula
  • Adequate Internet facility
  • High Speed campus backbone
  • Qualified faculty appointment
  • Strengthen PG programme
  • Enhance laboratory facilities
  • On line books/Journal facility
  • Internship in industry
  • More funds for good institutes

28
Connectivity in Educational Institutes
  • Use of computers is not encouraging
  • Most of the universities have their own VSAT
  • BUET has its own, speed 512 kbps/128 kbps
  • Internally most of the institutions are not
    networked
  • Bangladesh Education and Research Network
    (BERNET) provides connectivity for nine
    universities

29
BERNET
  • The central node of BUGC is connected to a local
    ISP
  • Two universities are connected to BUGC through
    radio modem
  • Nine other universities are connected through
    dial-up telephone link
  • e-mail, www, ftp, remote log-in, database
    services are provided
  • The maintenance is poor

30
Recommendation
  • The connectivity through submarine cable should
    immediately be established
  • IT training should be substantially encouraged in
    nation through formal and non-formal means.
  • Government and private initiative should be
    realized and encouraged to establish cyber cafes
    to allow wide access to Internet
  • VoIP and private international gateway for data
    and voice should allowed

31
Recommendation (continued)
  • The fiber optic cable laid along railway tract
    should be further utilized
  • BTRC should be allowed to work without government
    influence and control
  • BTTB should be privatize
  • Proper cabling should be done to avoid bandwidth
    limitation
  • IT (Electronic Signature) Acts should immediately
    be implemented

32
Conclusion
  • The present government has recognized IT as
    thrust sector
  • A large number of bright students and
    entrepreneurs have shown interest in IT
  • Strong data network within the country and
    between the country and outside world are
    necessary
  • Not only equipment but also training is necessary
    for maintaining the system
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