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Dr Keyboard Masterclass Moving from Windows 9x to XP

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... management with e.g. auto-shows. XP Home vs XP ... Auto-updates ... All Programs/Accessories/Program Compatibility Wizard. Research the problem first ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dr Keyboard Masterclass Moving from Windows 9x to XP


1
Dr Keyboard MasterclassMoving from Windows 9x to
XP
  • Chris Ward-Johnson
  • March 8 10 2002

2
This Weekend
  • Friday afternoon
  • Introduction to Windows XP - video
  • Windows 95/8/ME fundamentals
  • The Pyramid of Grief
  • Windows XP fundamentals
  • Strong foundations
  • Comparison with processor development
  • Saturday morning
  • Windows 9x vs XP
  • Whizzy new features in Windows XP
  • XP Home vs XP Professional
  • Saturday afternoon
  • Installing Windows XP
  • WXP installation options
  • Activation
  • Security
  • Getting help
  • Installing software
  • Compatibility mode

3
Windows 9x fundamentals
  • MS-DOS based
  • 32-bit sitting on top of 16-bit out of 8-bit code
  • Windows 1, 2, 286, 386, 3.0,3.1 and 3.11
  • Windows 95, 95OSR2, 98, 98SE, ME

4
A pyramid of grief
Windows ME Windows 98/SE Windows 95
Windows 3.xxWindows 386Windows 286 Windows 1
and 2
MS-DOS(16-bit)
MS-DOS(8-bit)
5
Windows XP fundamentals
  • Based on Windows NT (New Technology)
  • NT 3.0 3.51
  • NT 4.0
  • Windows 2000
  • Windows XP
  • Windows XP Home
  • Windows XP Professional
  • (Server versions)

6
Solid Foundations
Windows XP
Windows 2000 (NT5)
NT 4.0
NT 3.xx
7
Matches Intel processor development
Speed/Performance
Pentium 4/5 5GHz
1 Billion MIPS
Pentium Pro/II 5.5 million transistors, 300 MIPS
Itanium 64-bit
Pentium 4 42 million transistors
80286 16-bit, 134,000 transistors
300 MIPS
80386 32-bit, 5 MIPS, multi-tasking
Pentium III 24 million transistors
Pentium 3.1 million transistors, 90 MIPS
90 MIPS
8088 8/16 bit, used by IBM for PC
5 MIPS
486 32-bit, 1.2 million transistors, built-in
maths co-processor
1 MIPS
8086
29,000 Transistors, 16-bit
8080
Time
1978
1974
1993
2001
1985
1995
2000
2003
1979
1982
1989
1999
8
Windows 9x vs Windows XP
9
More new whizzy bits in WXP
  • Welcome screen with pictures/logos for each user
  • Fast user switching for shared computers leave
    files open, documents running, e-mail downloading
    while another user does their thing
  • Start menu changes including two columns, most
    recently used programs
  • Spartan desktop only Recycle Bin by default
  • Taskbar buttons grouped three Word documents on
    one button, rather than spread across screen
  • File management Windows Explorer/My Computer
    toggles folder listing and common tasks view
  • Help actually can help now with tutorials,
    trouble-shooters, tutorials and instant access to
    MS KnowledgeBase articles relevant to problem,
    WXP newsgroups, Microsoft Support, Remote
    Assistance feature
  • Integrated basic firewall to stop commonest
    attacks
  • Media player for CDs and MP3s (not DVDs) and
    CDR/W creation
  • Digital picture management with e.g.
    auto-slideshows

10
XP Home vs XP Pro
11
Installing XP
  • Back up ALL data
  • Letters
  • E-mails
  • Personalised files
  • MS Office Save my settings wizard
  • IE bookmarks (File/Import and Export
  • ISP settings
  • Use the Check System Compatibility test
    d\i386\winnt32 checkupgradeonly (dCD drive
    letter)
  • Use dynamic updates (Internet connection needed)
  • Download (and have accessible to the installer)
    updated drivers (W2K drivers may work in WXP)
  • Check for BIOS upgrade
  • http//www.microsoft.com/hcl for hardware
    compatibility list
  • In general, business and consumer applications
    will work with XP if they worked with Windows
    200.
  • Applications written for Windows 9x may fail BUT
    see Compatibility Mode
  • Dual-boot XP and existing Windows ONLY if on
    different discs/partitions
  • W9x low-level utilities Anti-virus, partition,
    firewall will probably fail under XP
  • Dont be stingy with the RAM 512MB rather than
    128MB

12
WXP Installation Options
  • Clean
  • Least problems
  • Nice clean start, no legacy software problems
  • Upgrade/over the top
  • Preserves existing settings, data
  • Most problems with existing software conflicts
    with new
  • May be the only way to get some software to work,
    though
  • Multi-boot
  • Can revert to older version if/when necessary
  • Have to reinstall all old programs inside new
    Windows
  • All data accessible to both (although NB NTFS
    partitions are not readable by W9x)

13
Activation
  • By phone or internet within 30 days
  • If not activated, it wont work
  • You can change 4-6/10 hardware items before
    re-activation, including CD, NIC, CPU, RAM.
    Digital cameras and Zip drives arent counted

14
Using Windows XP - tips
  • Win-Break for system properties
  • Files and Settings Transfer Wizard -
    Start/Run/migwiz (but be careful what you move)
  • Auto-updates
  • After setup, run Add or Remover Programs/Add
    Remove Windows Components no Custom install
    option
  • System Restore dont accept the default
    settings, e.g. turn off for data-only drives, and
    check settings immediately when you get a low
    disc space warning
  • Use NTFS to take full advantage of security
    features, e.g.
  • Set up accounts for different family members
    giving access to specific files, folders,
    hardware
  • Make a Password Reset Disk for each user
  • Fast Switching good if you have lots of RAM

15
Using Windows XP - security
  • Only have one Administrator account, and change
    the name of the Administrator account itself
  • Make all other accounts Limited, including your
    own everyday account
  • Passwords should be at least 7 characters and
    include letters, numbers and non-alphanumeric
    text, e.g. abcdef9
  • If programs wont install, add users to the
    Power Users group
  • Password protect ALL accounts
  • You can restrict logon times to e.g. stop young
    children using the PC after 9 pm and before 8 am
  • You can restrict access to specific files and
    folders, allow only for set ones, restrict the
    amount of disc space available to users.

16
Using Windows XP - getting help
  • The new Help and Support Centre demo
  • Very different to the old one, but worth working
    at
  • KnowledgeBase link online if you have the Q
    number (e.g. referred from Dr K) type mskb
    number
  • Remote Assistance Windows Messenger is the
    easiest way to establish a connection

17
Using Windows XP installing software
  • You can set user permissions so that they cant
    install software hurrah!
  • Administrators can install anything
  • Temporarily promote a Limited user to
    Administrator group to allow them to install
    software
  • Windows XP-compatible software knows about
    Limited Users
  • Virtual Machine for 16-bit, Windows 3.xx
    software
  • Dont usually support long file names
  • Problems if they require a 16-bit hardware driver
  • Create shortcuts to the executable (.exe) file
    for MS-DOS programs and change the Properties to
    adjust memory and other settings

18
Using Windows XP compatibility mode
  • Right-click program shortcut to access Properties
  • All Programs/Accessories/Program Compatibility
    Wizard
  • Research the problem first
  • Dangerous for low-level utilities such as
    anti-virus software, partitioning programs
  • Be careful with e.g. CD burning programs which
    install their own device drivers

19
Using Windows XP system tuning
  • Keep an eye on Task Manager, Ctrl-Shift-Esc
  • Replaces Ctrl-Alt-Del
  • CPU and memory usage
  • Non-responding programs
  • Can be closed without bringing system down
  • Virtual Memory
  • Advanced tab on System applet in Control Panel
  • 1.5-2.5x RAM for paging file, depending on memory
    usage
  • e.g. 512MB RAM never used, small paging file
  • Fixed size
  • Temp files to second HD
  • Temporary internet files, too
  • Max 50 MB
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