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STEM Education in the 109th Congress

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U.S. House of Representatives. Source: AAAS R & D Budget and Policy Program ... The U.S. is expected to create 21 million new jobs by 2012. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: STEM Education in the 109th Congress


1
STEM Education in the 109thCongress
  • Congressman Vernon J. Ehlers, Ph. D
  • U.S. House of Representatives

2
Federal RD Funding

(Billions of Constant FY05 Dollars)
30
NIH
25
NASA
20
DOE
NSF
15
10
5
0
1990
1992
1994
1996
1998
2000
2002
2004
2006
Source AAAS R D Budget and Policy
Program FY2006 is the budget request.
3
NSF Request and Appropriations vs. Authorization
2003-2006
10
9
8
7
Billions
6
5
5.31
5.04
4
3
2
1
FY03
FY04
FY05
FY06
Year
4
Jobs of the Future
  • The U.S. is expected to create 21 million new
    jobs by 2012.
  • Four of the 10 fastest growing industries
    occupations from 2002-2012 are expected to be
    high tech.
  • All occupations require a higher level of STEM
    course work (e.g. auto mechanic)
  • Source Bureau of Labor Statistics, Feb. 2004

5
Jobs of the Future
  • We must prepare our children for the technical
    workplace

6
Note Only top 20 countries included in chart
7
Note Only top 20 countries included in chart
8
Note Developed countries only.
9
PISA Math Literacy Performance of 15-Year-Old
Students, 2003(OECD Countries Who Performed
Better than the United States)
  • Finland
  • Korea
  • Netherlands
  • Japan
  • Canada
  • Belgium
  • Switzerland
  • New Zealand
  • Australia
  • Czech Republic
  • Iceland
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Sweden
  • Austria
  • Germany
  • Ireland
  • Slovak Republic
  • Norway
  • Luxembourg
  • United States

10
Ph.D. SE Degrees in U.S., Europe Asia
1975-2001
Source NSF Science Engineering Indicators, 2004
11
Percentage of Public School Teachers (Grades 7-12)
Without a Major or Minor in their Field
12
What Changes Are Needed?
  • Teacher training and retention
  • Better curricula
  • Support and scale-up effective programs
  • Improved standardsscience testing in 2007-2008
    under NCLB
  • Increase enrollments in STEM fields
  • Attract women and minorities to STEM fields

13
Better Curricula
  • Hands-on, experience-oriented, inquiry-centered
    curricula grounded in concepts and content.
  • Convey excitement and interest of science.
  • Recognize science as a unique mode of inquiry.
  • Include good support mechanisms.

14
Principles of Science Education
  • Teach by doing science, dont just teach about
    science.
  • Science involves a unique mode of inquiry, and is
    not just a collection of observations, facts, and
    theories.

15
Math Science Partnerships
  • Links local schools with Universities
  • Strengthens K-12 Math and Science Education
  • Trains teachers
  • Reaches out to underserved communities
  • Unique Programs at Dept. of Ed. and NSF

FY 03 101 million 100 million FY 04 139
million 149 million FY 05 79 million 180
million FY06 60 million 269
million request no new starts
16
Why STEM Education?
  • Innovation and Economic GrowthRequires
    technically-educated and talented workforce.
  • Jobs of the Future will require an
    understanding of the basic concepts and
    principles of math and science.

17
What More Can You Do?
  • Inspire students to become STEM students and,
    eventually, teachers
  • Make STEM Ed. cool!
  • Take K-12 students on tours of labs, engineering
    offices and projects
  • Lobby your Congressman and Senators
  • Run for school board!
  • Run for state legislature!!
  • Run for Congress!!!
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