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Emerging Issues and New Directions on Women and ICT

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Title: Emerging Issues and New Directions on Women and ICT


1
Emerging Issues and New Directions on Women and
ICT
  • 2000.6.22.
  • Kio Chung Kim
  • kiochkim_at_sookmyung.ac.kr
  • Asian Pacific Womens Information Network Center
    (APWINC) http//apwin.women.or.kr
  • Sookmyung Womens University
  • KOREA

2
UN Women 2000 -women media Outcome Documents -
Obstacles (1)
  • Negative, violent and/or degrading images of
    women have increased in different forms using new
    communication technologies.
  • Poverty, the lack of access and opportunities,
    illiteracy, lack of computer literacy and
    language barriers, prevent some women from using
    the information and communication technologies,
    including the Internet.

3
UN Women 2000 -women media Outcome Documents -
Obstacles (2)
  • Development of and access to Internet
    infrastructure is limited especially in
    developing countries and particularly for women.

4
UN Women 2000 -women media Outcome Documents
Further Initiatives and Action Plans- Actions (1)
  • 134 a. Cooperate and work with private sector
    partners and media networks at national and
    international levels to promote equal access for
    women and men as producers and consumers,
    particularly in the area of ICTs.

5
UN Women 2000 -women media Outcome Documents
Further Initiatives and Action Plans- Actions (2)
  • 134 b. Develop programmes that support womens
    ability to create, access and promote networking,
    in particular through the use of new information
    and communications technology

6
UN Women 2000 -women media Outcome Documents
Further Initiatives and Action Plans- Actions (3)
  • 134 h. Capitalize on the new information
    technologies, including the Internet, to improve
    the global sharing of information, research,
    strengths, lessons learned from womens
    experiences

7
Challenge to Develop Knowledge based Society
  • Economic incentives and institutions that promote
    flexibility and entrepreneurship to create and
    make effective use of knowledge
  • ? Educated, skilled and creative people
  • ? A dynamic information infrastructure
  • ? An effective national innovation system

8
Challenges Bridging the ICT Gap
  • How to bridge the information and technological
    gaps in new ICT.
  • the gaps in access between men and women
  • between races, socio-economic classes and
    cultures as well.
  • How to make ICT more accessible to more people.
  • New ICT has been mainly accessible to individuals
    and groups from developed countries, comprising
    only about 20 of the worlds population.

9
Challenges Womens Access to ICT
  • Ensure the participation of more women from a
    variety of cultures and realities -- as receivers
    as well as providers of information in cyberspace
  • Ensure womens access by supporting and promoting
    capacity-building initiatives as well as the
    development of affordable, appropriate and
    culturally and gender sensitive technologies,
    based on research on womens use of ICT.

10
Challenges Convergence
  • Old New Technologies
  • Content People Technical People
  • Profit Making Social Responsibilities

11
Challenges Representation of Women
  • There exists stereotyped representation of Women
    in Cyberspace.
  • The creation of cyberspaces for women that
    reflect the various aspects of womens lives and
    experiences must be promoted.

12
Challenges Quality Contents in Cyber space
  • How to balance the outputs of commercial
    enterprises with non-profit oriented information?
  • How to build more spaces that promote knowledge
    sharing and learning.
  • Cyber-museums, databases, on-line libraries and
    other information rich sites must be developed to
    further make cyberspace a venue for learning

13
Guideline of Directions
  • Regions and communities must be empowered to find
    their own specific uses and solutions, drawing on
    the experiences of others, but also adapting
    these methods to their own context.

14
Directions Strenghten the Infrastructure
  • Strengthen the information and communication
    infrastructure of developing countries, as well
    as their ability to generate and disseminate
    content.

15
Directions Utilization of ICT
  • Enhances the utilisation of information and
    communication for educational, cultural, social
    and economic development.

16
Directions Education and Training
  • It is important to have training and Education on
    ICT that focus on women to create spaces for
    women to better understand new ICT.
  • This will lead to women having more access to ICT
    for information sharing and dissemination on
    womens issues.

17
Education and Training Good Practices
  • AWORC is holding the second Asian Womens
    Electronic Network Training (WENT 2000).
  • Parallel to this, APWINC is holding the Korean
    WENT.
  • WENT workshops, to be a womens ICT training
    nucleus from which trainees will be able to
    acquire enough skills on and understanding of
    ICTs to train other women in their own
    sub-regions, countries and communities.

18
APWINChttp//apwin.women.or.kr
  • Goal promotion of womens status through active
    informaization efforts in Asia-Pacific region.
  • UNESCO Chair executing Institution in
    communication technology for women
  • (1998.6-2001.6)
  • Regional Center of UNDP for Women and ICT
  • (2000.6- ... )

19
APWINChttp//apwin.women.or.kr
  • Goal promotion of womens status through active
    informaization efforts in Asia-Pacific region.
  • UNESCO Chair executing Institution in
    communication technology for women
  • (1998.6-2001.6)
  • Regional Center of UNDP for Women and ICT
  • (2000.6- ... )

20
APWINChttp//apwin.women.or.kr
  • Sister organization Research Institute of
    AsianWomen http//asianwomen.org
  • Memebership in Asian Womens Resouce Exchange
    http//jca.apc.org/aworc
  • Global membership in WomenAction
    http//www.womeaction.org

21
Womens Informatization
  • ICT Training Programs for Specific Interest
    Groups
  • Training to become ICT professionals
  • Forming a Nucleus to disseminate and amplify
    information

22
Gender-focused Project
  • Web Information Service System to support Womens
    Informatization
  • National policy project 1998.12 - 2000.2
  • Training Woman ICT Specialists
  • MIC project 1998.11 - Present
  • Infra Structures to support Informatization of
    Womens Organizations
  • Research Project supported by the Presidential
    Commission on Womens Affairs1999.11 - 1999.12

23
International ICT workshop / meeting
  • WENT99 (Asian Womens Electronic Network
    Training Workshop) 1999.6.21-25
  • Global WENT99 (Global Womens Electronic Network
    Training Workshop)1999.9.27-10.2
  • AWORC 2000 in Seoul (The 3rd Asian Womens
    Resource Exchange Meeting) 2000.2.13-2.16

24
International Symposium Forum
  • Women in the Electronic Net1999.6.26
  • Global Electronic Net for Women 2000 Strategies
    1999.9.30
  • Education New ICT Strategies for Womens
    Informatization, 1999.10.13
  • Seoul International NGO Conference
  • 21C Womens Movement From Ground to Cyberspace
    , 1999.11.25
  • AWORC Forum Web Site Interface Multilingual DB

25
Web Information Service System for supporting
Womens Informatization
  • Active-Bridge System (http//search.women.or.kr)
  • Womens Informaion Directory Service
  • Consulting System (http//consulting.women.or.kr)
  • On Line self-learning and consulting system for
    ICT
  • Web DB (http//web.women.or.kr)
  • applies new multimedia technology Traditional
    Culture, History

26
Womens Electronic Network Training workshop
Asian Pacific WENT2000June 19-25, 2000
  • Organized by AWORC, APWINC
  • Hosted by APWINC, Sookmyung Womens University
  • Sponsored by UNESCAP
  • the 30 trainees and 13 trainers from womens
    organisations in East, South, Southeast Asia and
    Pacific
  • Three tracks Web, Network, and Database

27
Womens Electronic Network Training workshop
Korean WENT2000Network Promotion through
Informatizartion of Womens OrganizationJune
20-23, 2000
  • Organized by APWINC, The Presidential Commission
    on Womens Affairs
  • Hosted by APWINC, Sookmyung Womens University
  • 30 trainees from Korean womens organizations
  • Web-site Development, Networking
  • networking with information leaders from
    Asia-Pacific region

28
International SymposiumNew Directions for Women
in the Digital Society Womens Knowledge
NetworkJune 22, 2000
  • Organized by APWINC, AWORC
  • Hosted by APWINC, Sookmyung Womens University
  • Sponsored by The Presidential Comission on
    Womens Affairs, UNESCAP
  • vision of women and ICT beyond women2000
  • status on ICT for women and womens knowledge
    network (national / regional reports)
  • women leadership programs for digital society
  • Tutorial1internet technologies for e-biz and
    e-service
  • Tutorial2 real-time internet broadcasting

29
International E-Biz ForumDistinguished Lecture
Series
  • Organized by APWINC, Graduate School of
    Information Communication
  • Hosted by APWINC, Sookmyung Womens University
  • Sponsored by Korea Network Information Center
  • To enhance the technological empowerment through
    digital networking
  • E-Biz strategies could be adopted for womens
    organizations
  • to enhance knowledge network

30
Regional Global ICT Centerfor Women
  • International ICT training and networking
  • WENT (national, regional, global level)
  • WE-Biz (national, regional, global level)
  • Internet gateway of global women's information
  • Integrated cyber women's information service
  • Cyber Global Women's leadership program
  • Internship Program
  • Cyber Model UN CSW

31
Knowledge
  • Knowledge incubates in the Human Mind and when
    applied innovatively becomes a factor
    of growth and development.

32
Knowledge Use
  • Whoever manages the knowledge better and uses it
    more innovatively will reap the maximum benefits
    of it.
  • Knowledge has different values for different
    users
  • The ability and vision of the end user to
    recognise and embrace the differentiated values
    of knowledge and put it to gainful use is
    important.

33
Knowledge Sharing
  • Knowledge does not remain confined within a
    private domain or a geographical boundary- it
    becomes a freely exchangeable public good.
  • At the same time we must recognize the importance
    of intellectual Property rights.

34
Knowledge Networking
  • Knowledge networking aims to popularise and
    facilitate knowledge networking countries for
    overall human development through the
    amalgamation of ICT.
  • The use and propagation of ICT models for
    creating an open system for recognising, valuing,
    enriching and sharing of local knowledge, in
    parallel with human capacity building efforts.

35
References
  • Marcelle, Gillian M. Transforming Information and
    Communication Technologies for Gender Equality.
    Gender in Development Monograph Series 9 May
    2000.
  • The Global Knowledge Womens Forum Transcending
    the Gender Information Divide. United Nations
    Development Programme - Asia Pacific Gender
    Equality Network, 2000.
  • Ramilo, Chat Garcia. Gender and Information and
    Communication Technologies. ltwww.ased.orggt, 2000
  • http//www.orbicom.uqam.ca/en/conference/an.overvi
    ew.of.new.comm.pdf
  • http//www.orbicom.uqam.ca/en/conference/action.ht
    ml
  • http//www.womenaction.org/ungass.html
  • http//www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/followup/finalout
    come.pdf
  • http//women.or.kr/e-bizforum
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