Did%20NATO%20Military%20Action%20Against%20Yugoloslavia%20Violate%20Just%20War%20Theory? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Did%20NATO%20Military%20Action%20Against%20Yugoloslavia%20Violate%20Just%20War%20Theory?

Description:

The Just War Theory deals with the justification of how and why wars are fought ... New elections brought Vojuslav Kostunica to power ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:22
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 18
Provided by: rlin8
Learn more at: http://www.markville.ss.yrdsb.edu.on.ca
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Did%20NATO%20Military%20Action%20Against%20Yugoloslavia%20Violate%20Just%20War%20Theory?


1
Did NATO Military Action Against Yugoloslavia
Violate Just War Theory?
  • By YES Kristi and Jen
  • NO Jill and Sharon

2
The Just War Theory
  • The Just War Theory deals with the justification
    of how and why wars are fought
  • The justification can be either theoretical or
    historical
  • The theoretical aspect is concerned with
    ethically justifying war and forms of warfare
  • The historical aspect, or the just war
    tradition deals with the historical body of
    rules or agreements applied (or at least
    existing) in various wars across the ages

3
Just War Theory, Continued
  • In general terms, the Just War Theory demands
  • That there must be sufficient and just reason for
    going to war,
  • There must be legitimate authority to declare war
  • It must be waged by appropriate means
  • There must be prospects of success
  • And all other avenues must have been previously
    exhausted
  • Levels of violence should not exceed what is
    necessary to achieve the mission at hand
  • War must end in a peace better than the situation
    before the war started

4
NATO
  • Stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Comprised of most of the countries of Western
    Europe, Canada and United States
  • They agreed to come to the assistance of any
    member should it be attacked
  • Built against the threat of Warsaw Treaty
    Organization in 1949
  • New Strategic Concept developed after the Cold
    War, which reduced standing military forces and
    allowed them to focus on crisis response
  • Had 16 members since 1982. In 1999, Poland,
    Hungary and Czech Republic joined
  • Has achieved a higher level of political and
    military cooperation among its membership than
    virtually any other organization in the world

5
Yugoslavia, Location
6
Yugoslavia
  • Yugoslavia was divided into eight provinces after
    WWII
  • Various religions in the state (influenced by
    surrounding countries) i.e. Christian in Croatia,
    Catholic in Serbia, Orthodox in Serbia and
    Macedonia, and Islam in Kosovo and Albania
  • Serbia/Montenegro were the core of Yugoslavia and
    had the majority of power in the region
  • Slovenia and Croatia felt isolated and declared
    their independence in 1991 ? war started
  • War spread to Bosnia in 1992
  • 1995 Dayton Agreement brought peace
  • War started again in Kosovo in 1999

7
Kosovo
  • Kosovo is in Serbia with mostly Albanian people
  • Until 1989, they had autonomy
  • 1989, President Slobodan Milosevic removes
    autonomy and placed Kosovo under Serbian control
  • Albanians forced out of political roles, ethnic
    cleansing and discrimination begins
  • 1998, Serbian police/military versus Kosovo and
    Albanian forces
  • 1500 deaths and 400,000 refugees
  • May 28, 1998, NATO meets to discuss involvement
  • NATOs Objectives
  • Achieve a peaceful resolution
  • Stabilize and secure neighbouring countries
    (especially Albania and Macedonia)
  • Oct. 13, 1998, NATO orders air strikes but at the
    last minute, Milosevic agrees to comply and back
    off so theyre called off
  • UN gets involved
  • UN Security council resolution 1199
  • Calls for ceasefire
  • Limits number of Serbian troops allowed in Kosovo
    verification Mission (KUM) to observe compliance
  • NATO agrees to observe with aerial surveillance

8
Kosovo, Continued
  • Violence returns in 1999
  • Jan. 29, 1999, Nation Contact Group meets and
    encourages negotiation between parties
  • Jan. 30, 1999, NATO warns Milosevic force will be
    used if he doesnt back off
  • Feb. 6-23, 1999, negotiations in Rambouillet,
    France NATO makes demands on Serbia
  • March 15-18, another peace negotiation
  • Kosovo and Albania agree to sign a drafted peace
    proposal
  • Serbia refuses
  • Serbia moves more forces into Kosovo (theyre
    having no success there because of Serbian
    opposition)
  • March 23, 1999, Operation Allied Force begins
  • NATO bombing campaign lasts for 78 days (aerial
    campaign, no ground troops deployed)
  • June 9, 1999, agreement made between NATO and the
    Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  • June 10, Serbian forces begin pulling out of
    Kosovo (completely gone by June 20)

9
Kosovo, Continued
  • June 12, 1999 NATO and UN troops begin
    clean-up
  • K-For 50,000 people under unified control
    contributed by 12 countries (help with clean-up)
  • By the end of the war, refugees are scattered
  • Albania?430,000 people
  • Macedonia?230,000 people
  • Montenegro?64,000 people
  • Bosnia?21,500 people
  • Other?61,000 people
  • 58,000 Kosovars are homeless
  • By the end of May, 1999, 1.5 million people (90
    of Kosovos population) had been expelled from
    their homes
  • 225,000 Kosovar men missing (5000executed)
  • Animosity between people still exists
  • There are still many unexploded mines and cluster
    bombs
  • Economic downturn (civilian infrastructure
    destroyed), lots of unemployment
  • Milosevic remained in power until his government
    was overthrown in 2002 by popular uprising
  • New elections brought Vojuslav Kostunica to power

10
Yes Side Components of Just War Theory That Have
Been Violated
  • Legitimate Authority
  • Waged by Appropriate Means
  • All Other Attempts Have Been Made
  • Levels of Violence Should Not Exceed What is
    Necessary to Achieve the Mission at Hand
  • War Must End in a Peace Better Than the Situation
    Before The War Started

11
Yes Side NATOs Mistake
  • The Double Standard
  • Fought to free Kosovo but ignored the ethnic
    cleansing in Chechnya, East Timor, etc.
  • Could this be because Kosovo has some of the
    richest mineral resources in Europe?
  • Bombing Inaccuracies
  • Flying high reduced accuracy of bombs hitting
    targets (as much as 2/3 km off)
  • Densely populated and residential areas became
    targets
  • Chinese embassy bombed
  • Civilian infrastructure targeted (ie. Hospital,
    water plants, bridges, apartments)
  • One month of NATO bombing caused more damage than
    by the Nazis occupation of Yugoslavia from 1941
    to 1945

12
Yes NATOs Mistakes, Continued
  • Depleted Uranium
  • 10 tonnes of DU used in shells by NATO illegally
  • DU causes long term damage to lungs and kidneys
    and may lead to cancer
  • Cluster Bombs
  • 1392 dropped not all exploded so they are still
    causing casualties
  • Broke Geneva Convention Equipment deployed in
    battlefield must not be lethally effective after
    peace treaty is signed
  • UN formed MACC (a mine cleaning association) to
    find cluster bombs 47 dead, 97 wounded and
    many are still unfound in less frequented areas
    of the country

13
No Side Components of Just War Theory That Have
Been Obeyed
  • There must be sufficient and just reason for
    going to war
  • There must be legitimate authority to declare war
  • It must be waged by appropriate means
  • There must be prospects of success
  • All other avenues must have been previously
    exhausted
  • Levels of violence should not exceed what is
    necessary to achieve the mission at hand

14
No Side Milosevics Reign
  • Discrimination towards ethnic Albanians
  • Forced deportation by the thousands
  • In 12 weeks, more than 850,00 ethnic Albanians
    were expelled from Kosovo by Serbian military,
    police and paramilitaries
  • Houses looted, entire villages burned
  • Refugees robbed and beaten
  • Thousands of women and some children
    raped-systematic and organized rape
  • Adult males detained and executed by the hundreds
  • Arbitrary arrest and detentions
  • Contamination of water wells
  • Target killings and mass graves
  • Between March 24-June 12, 1999

15
Pictures
16
More Pictures
17
The End
About PowerShow.com