U.S. Withdrawal from Vietnam in 1961 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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U.S. Withdrawal from Vietnam in 1961

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Negotiate now while we have influence ... Does not deal with political issues of the insurgency. Possibility of failure (French) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: U.S. Withdrawal from Vietnam in 1961


1
U.S. Withdrawal from Vietnam in 1961
  • D. Sean Baer
  • Caroline Efrati

2
The Background
  • Cold War context (Korean Conflict).
  • Laos
  • Indo-China/French Conflict
  • Geneva Conference
  • Agreements with Diem
  • Newly elected U.S. President

3
U.S. Interests
  • Stopping the spread of Communism
  • Democracy building in Southeast Asia
  • Supporting European allies
  • Supporting South Asian allies
  • Maintaining a strong image internationally
  • Support from U.S. citizens
  • Human costs
  • Financial costs

4
Other Players Interests
  • Diem
  • North Vietnamese/Ho Chi Minh
  • China
  • Soviet Union
  • French
  • Other Allies

5
U.S.s Ultimate Objectives
  • Stop the spread of Communism in SE Asia
  • Stop Communist insurgency in Vietnam
  • Maintain democracy and market economy in South
    Vietnam

6
Our Options
  • Withdrawal
  • Conventional Warfare
  • Counterinsurgency
  • COIN 1
  • COIN 2

7
The Argument for Withdrawal
  • Negotiate now while we have influence
  • No other major European ally willing to
    significantly participate
  • Do not want to be seen as aggressor
  • Save Americans lives
  • Negotiations worked in Laos
  • Save face in the long-run

8
Problems with Withdrawal
  • Could be seen as a sign of weakness against
    Communism in the short-run
  • Some Communist influence in South
  • No guarantee that North Vietnamese would keep
    their word for negotiations

9
Problems with Other Options
  • Conventional warfare
  • Does not deal with political issues of the
    insurgency
  • Possibility of failure (French)
  • Costs too great American lives and financial
    costs
  • Counterinsurgency
  • COIN 1 Cant trust Diem to carry out reforms
  • COIN 2 Govt reforms during war weak govt,
    open to coup or military failures
  • Middle ground

10
Summary
  • Withdrawal presents the best option to maintain
    our long-term influence in Southeast Asia without
    being seen as the aggressor
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