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AntiCorruption Student Network in SEE Student Union of Serbia Dragan Mihajlovic Project Coordinator

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Title: AntiCorruption Student Network in SEE Student Union of Serbia Dragan Mihajlovic Project Coordinator


1
Anti-Corruption Student Network in SEE
Student Union of SerbiaDragan
MihajlovicProject CoordinatorBishkek,
November 2004
2
Content
  • About Student Union of Serbia
  • Higher education in Serbia and its reform
  • Perception on student role
  • SUS activity in the filed of reform projects
  • Anti-Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Survey
  • Regulations
  • Campaign
  • Conclusion

3
About Student Union of Serbia
  • Umbrella organization for 67 faculty and
    university Unions
  • Beginnings 1992 Faculty of Law in Belgrade
  • Vision European education in European Serbia
  • Mission struggle for higher education reform
  • Improvement of student
    standard
  • protection of students
    rights and interests
  • creating student pluralism
  • From our history of struggle for society and
    university reform
  • - Student protest 1996/97 and
    University protest 1998
  • - Anti-war campaign 1998
  • - Resistance movement!
  • - Campaign Choose elections
    2000
  • - Full membership in ESIB - The
    National Unions of Student in Europe, 1999

4
About higher education in Serbia
  • 50 years of different society system than in
    Western Europe created
  • HE system not adjusted to changes and challenges
    of modern European society
  • Period of society and academic isolation during
    90is brought
  • Low competitiveness, stagnancy and inefficiency
  • Attack on university autonomy and on free mind
  • Repressive Law on HE in 1998.

5
About HE reform obstacles questions
  • Conservative nature of university
  • Resistance to radical reform fear of changes!
  • Lack of conscience about reform necessity
  • Difficult situation for students
  • Cost of reform and who will fund it
  • State - university vs. autonomy responsibility

6
Perception of student role
  • Political prosecution of students during 90is
  • Student pluralism does not exist, same as student
    Parliament
  • Student property ownership is still unresolved !
  • Perception of HE as one-way process
  • Student opinion is one of main pillars of
    internal quality culture

7
SUS activity in field of reform
  • Students have became a partners in reform process
    and decision-making process after year 2000
  • SUS organized seminars and conferences
  • Pull of the blindfold, produced policy paper
    Desired university
  • At the same level, produced policy paper
    University in reforms
  • The teaching of the future training seminar
  • SUS participates in the creation of Law proposal
  • SUS is realizing concrete projects in field of
    reform

8
SUS activity in field of reform
  • In 2003 SUS General Assembly adopts the
    documents
  • Students and Law on higher education
  • SUS position on Bologna process accession
  • represents results of work in field of higher
    education reform
  • represents our position in negotiations about
    Law on higher education

9
Concrete projects in field of reform
  • Catalyst project international seminars
    dealing with Bologna process issues
  • Analyst project creation of student
    evaluation network within SEE
  • National Training Team - NTT trainings in
    different fields of student organizing for
    students
  • Student opinion survey project outcomes
    reflect student perception of important student
    issues
  • Anti-Corruption Student Network in Southeastern
    Europe corruption monitoring, campaigning,
    analysis of regulations within SEE

10
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • February 2003 Meeting in Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Forming the Network
  • Bulgaria Youth Society for Peace and
    Development of the Balkans
  • Croatia Mathematics Student Society
  • Moldova Students of Invisible College
  • Serbia Student Union of Serbia
  • Initial Aim
  • To gather information on corruption in education
    and then creating anti-corruption campaign
  • First phase
  • Regional survey among students on corruption in
    higher education
  • Regulations collection and analysis in Serbia

11
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Goals
  • In long term we want to achieve
  • low level of corruption at the Universities in
    the region
  • create transparent HE environment and its
    institutional and legal framework
  • influence behavior and peoples values by
    increasing resistance and decreasing willingness
    to participate in corruption
  • In short term we want to
  • inform and raise awareness of academic
    communities (students, professors and
    administrative staff) and the general public
    about the level of corruption
  • inform about and make transparent University
    regulations
  • make, propose, lobby and advocate for regulations
    with mechanisms for prevention of corruption
    (Statute Model, Code of Conduct, Students
    Ombudsperson)
  • attract students, professors and administrative
    staff to actively join anti-corruption activities
    - forming coalition
  • motivate students to use their rights as a way to
    create more transparent University environment

12
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Defining the problem
  • Denial of its existence
  • Corruption in education is neglected form
  • Unwillingness and no interest in solving the
    problem
  • Future representatives of society are growing in
    rotten and devious system no integrity
  • Education system has broken down it has become
    useless
  • Students are discontent, indolent and demotivated
  • Collapse of socio-political and economical
    systems
  • Degradation of value system
  • Easy way out
  • Vicious circle

13
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Survey
  • To obtain information, opinions, attitudes and
    perceptions of students as stakeholders on
    corruption relevant to
  • Admission
  • Exams
  • Grades
  • Cheating
  • Administration
  • Textbooks
  • Pilot survey, September 2003 modifications of
    the questionnaire
  • Unified questionnaire with 150 variables
  • Training of interviewers
  • The survey was conducted in November 2003
  • SPSS database

14
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Sampling
  • Sample size of gt1200 students
  • Stratification of the sample was based on the
    number of students
  • of university / faculty / year of studies
  • admitted to first year / proportionally
  • Within one stratum students were selected
    according to established step (3 to 10) or
    randomly
  • The sample was representative and diverse

15
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Sex

16
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Year of birth

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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Year of studies

18
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Tuition is paid by

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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Perception of students on the following
    percentages

26
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Relation year of studies / have bought textbook
    is that higher the year the higher the number of
    bought books

36
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Acceptable ways of cheating
  • Coping
  • Cribs / guns
  • Paper notes
  • Using cheat-sheet
  • Looking at others exam
  • All are acceptable

40
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Approximately 15 of students have never heard of
    cheating
  • For 45 of them it is acceptable and for the
    additional 10 every manner of cheating is
    unacceptable
  • Every third student doesnt pay attention to
    cheating
  • If in the position to cheat and not get caught
    only 1 out of 8 students would reject that
    possibility and 4 of them would not feel bad
    after cheating!
  • Students pass the responsibility on to the
    professors when corrupted grading is concerned
  • 84 of them think that the professors should be
    harshly punished, but only half of them think
    that students should also be severely punished.
  • Students believe that there is a higher rate of
    bribery in Faculties other than theirs
  • Most of students would not report illegal
    activities because they feel that specific organs
    do not control the problem of corruption in
    higher education

45
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Index of Corruption (Serbia only)
  • Average - 23.7
  • Male - 26.2 Female - 21.5
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering - 28.0
  • Faculty of Philology / Faculty of Law - 25.0
  • Faculty of Agriculture - 24.3
  • Faculty of Medical Sciences - 23.8
  • Faculty of Philosophy - 23.5
  • Faculty of Technical Sciences - 22.7
  • Faculty of Mathematical Sciences - 22.1

46
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Year of admission
  • 1997 27.5
  • 1998 26.1
  • 1999 23.8
  • 2000 22.6
  • 2001 23.1
  • 2002 24.1
  • 2003 22.3
  • Tuition paid by
  • State 22.5
  • Student 28.3

47
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Place of stay in the town of study
  • Your own house 26.7
  • In rented room/apartment 25.1
  • In relatives home 24.7
  • In parents home 24.1
  • Coming for exams 21.2
  • In student dormitory 21.1
  • Financial state
  • Rich 30.4
  • Middle class 23.1
  • Poor 24.7

48
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Different ways of corruption became an acceptable
    and normal way of conducting affairs in all area
    of life, including higher education
  • They do not see beyond short-come benefits and
    thus there is not very much interest and concern
    by the problem
  • Stakeholders are reluctant to change their life
    style keeping the status quo

49
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Recommendation
  • Only educating and pointing out the consequences
    of such acts in modern society of the 21st
    century can overcome this problem
  • We should not only threaten with sanctions
  • Point out that in future office appointments
    knowledge will have a more significant role
  • Cheating on exams is in that respect practically
    cheating on oneself
  • Going back to the Faculties"
  • Acquainting the students to their rights and
    duties

50
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Creating campaign, lobbing and advocating for
    reform of higher education by modifying and
    changing
  • teaching methods, to become more interactive,
    small groups and using different methods, and
  • examining methods to more transparent, objective,
    open to external control, unified for all
    students and professors
  • Motivating students to study and come back to
    establish new academic values and further
    building of civil society

51
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Regulations
  • Defining the problem
  • Functioning of Faculties is constituted by their
    regulations Statutes and their additional and
    accessory documents
  • Regulations dont deal with newly and accustomed
    corruption-relevant specific situations, which
    results in insecurity and instability
  • Regulations are not giving the basis for
    administration to deal with corruption, so the
    problem is widely ignored, not defined and
    mentioned in regulations
  • Regulations are too general, vague, unavailable,
    mystified and useless for fighting corruption

52
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Goals
  • To collected and make regulations transparent
  • To analyze in order to determinate weak points
  • To write down, redefine, add and modernize, in
    order to fill out the legislation vacuum, while
    being precise, with a unique form, similar
    content and with mechanisms of outside control
  • Tasks
  • Creating Regulations Database
  • Forming Regulation Teams
  • Report on National HE Regulations Analysis
  • The Model of Anti-Corruption Regulations
  • National implementation

53
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Campaign
  • Defining the problem
  • Survey finings
  • Regulation analysis
  • Tasks
  • Create Anti-Corruption Alliance on Universities
    that will perform anti-corruption activities
  • Distribute strategically information on
    corruption in HE that will be starting point of
    anti-corruption activities
  • National implementation and strategy of
    anti-corruption coordination

54
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Principles of our approach are
  • Positive
  • Optimistic
  • Decentralized
  • Transparent
  • Independent from political parties
  • Focused
  • Clear
  • Encouragement
  • Awareness
  • Promoting knowledge
  • Reforms in HE

55
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Target groups
  • Students - primarily the resistant to corruption
    ones and unaccustomed to corruption in HE
    new/first year students
  • Professors
  • Administrative staff
  • but also
  • Decision makers

56
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Joint Activities and Products
  • Joint Survey Results SPSS Database - December,
    2004
  • Report on Corruption in HE on a Regional Level -
    January, 2005
  • Name of Campaign, Logo and Poster - January, 2005
  • Press conference - March, 2005
  • Web site - March, 2005
  • Admission Exam Action - June, 2005
  • Action of Anti-Corruption Squad in an Exam
    Period - June, 2005
  • Student Orientation Manual - October, 2005
  • Continuing lobbying

57
Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • National activities
  • Round tables
  • Public discussions
  • Public debates
  • Street actions
  • etc.
  • Monitoring, documenting and evaluation

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Anti Corruption Student Network in SEE
  • Conclusion
  • Survey results
  • Regulations analysis
  • Campaign lobbying
  • Corruption monitoring

59

Thank you for your attention www.sus.org.yu
office_at_sus.org.yu dragan.mihajlovic_at_gmail.com 38
1 63 80 33 670
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