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Film and Video 12


The Cinematographer (or Director of Photography) sets up shots according to the ... dio ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Film and Video 12

Film and Video 12
  • For the purpose of the next project you will all
    assume individual roles. Some of you will have
    more than one role and some of the roles are
    combined. We will discuss roles in more detail
    as the course progresses.
  • Writer/Producer
  • Director
  • Cinematographer (camera person)
  • Sound Producer/Boom Operator
  • Editor

The writer
  • The Writer writes the script, commentary and

  • The Producer would raise all the money and is
    responsible for the overall production. In
    particular you must make sure all of your workers
    are satisfied, all are participating, schedules
    are made and met etc.
  • Producers organize the work of other people and
    usually find the story that they want to produce.
    They create advertisements so that people will
    want to see a film.
  • Ultimately, you will decide what the film will be
    about and the director will then interpret that

The Director
  • The Director interprets the script or proposal
    into film, and directs actors and production
  • The director is in charge of the actors and he or
    she decides how each scene should be filmed.
    Often the main idea of the film is influenced by
    the directors imagination.

Camera Person
  • The Cinematographer (or Director of Photography)
    sets up shots according to the wishes of the

  • The Boom Operator manoeuvers microphones.
  • The Sound Recorder records sounds and directs the
    boom operator.

  • The Picture Editor arranges the shots together
    into the final form, according to the director's
    vision of the film.
  • The editor is sometimes called the cutter because
    he or she selects the best scenes and puts
    together the individual pictures so that the
    whole story can be shown.

  • Think of a script as the backbone of your
  • If you write before you shoot, a script will give
    your project structure, organization, direction,
    tone and attitude. Your videos wont look like
    monotonous surveillance footage.

Keep planning
  • Writing a script also forces you to think about
    and visualize your project in advance, which is
    the best way to solve problems you would have
    encountered while shooting or editing.
  • Most video production problems arise from the
    lack of structure, so organizing your thoughts
    before the fact becomes even more attractive.

  • Having a script will make shooting and editing a
    snap, and your final product will have a smooth,
    natural flow.
  • Even a short shot list or a few notes on how you
    want to organize something is a working script.

Getting started
  • The hardest part of any writing project is the
  • Write down any random thoughts and ideas,
    whatever comes to mind.

The Writing Processjust like English Class!
  • It is all about coming up with an idea
  • Writing it down
  • Transforming your idea into a working script
  • Then later into actual images and sounds on your
    television set

The Idea and the Hook
  • Once youve chosen a basic framework for your proj
    ect (an event, activity, vacation and so
    on), try to come up with a unique
    and interesting hook that will make people want to

  • Once you have an idea in place, clear your mind
    of everything and visualize how you think you
    would like your project to look and sound.
  • One of the most powerful tools in the world and
    your most valuable possession is your imagination.

Brainstorming cont
  • Brainstorming Rules
  • Collect as many ideas as possible from all
    participants with no criticisms or judgments made
    while ideas are being generated.
  • All ideas are welcome no matter how silly or far
    out they seem. Be creative. The more ideas the
    better because at this point you don't know what
    might work.
  • Absolutely no discussion takes place during the
    brainstorming activity. Talking about the ideas
    will take place after brainstorming is complete.
  • Do not criticize or judge. Don't even groan,
    frown, or laugh. All ideas are equally valid at
    this point.
  • Do build on others' ideas.
  • Do write all ideas on a flipchart or board so the
    whole group can easily see them.
  • Set a time limit (i.e., 30 minutes) for the

Brainstorm Cont
  • Brainstorming Sequence
  • One team member should review the topic of the
    brainstorm using "why", "how", or "what"
    questions. ExampleExample What should we focus
    on as the content?
  • Everyone should think about the question silently
    for a few moments. Each person might want to jot
    down his/her ideas on a sheet of paper.
  • Everyone suggests ideas by calling them out.
    Another way is to go around the room and have
    each person read an idea from his/her list until
    all ideas have been written on the board or
    flipchart. (Note The team member in charge of
    the brainstorming session should be enforcing the
  • One team member writes down all ideas on board or

  • Depending on the project you chose to tackle, you
    may find yourself with some research and
    pre-production legwork to do.
  • On movie sets, Associate Producers and Production
    Assistants take care of this

Youve heard it beforeKNOW YOUR AUDIENCE
  • As creative videographers, sometimes we forget to
    do one very important thing figure out who the
    audience is going to be and what theyll get out
    of your program.

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  • Handouts for your portfolio/notes to refer to.

Dos and Donts of Script Writing
  • Do follow the format (spacing, capitalization
  • Dont spell words wrong
  • Do pay attention to punctuation and grammar
  • Dont be too wordy with dialogue
  • Do pay attention to short scenes
  • Do leave some freedom for director and actors.

Commercial Project
  • Project
  • You and your group are to brainstorm, prepare,
    and produce a commercial. The commercial must
    sell a product. The product can be real or fake,
    but must be your own original idea and must meet
    the criteria for all FLV 12.
  • Criteria
  • Absolutely no shorter or longer than 30 seconds!
    Planning, planning!
  • Group must show evidence of group brainstorm
  • Group must show evidence of research of effective
    commercial techniques
  • Group must submit a proposal
  • Group must submit shooting plan (props, actors,
    sets, scheduled shoots)
  • Group must submit a DETAILED story board. See
    your check list
  • Group must submit script (if required)
  • Group must display effective use of class time
  • Group must demonstrate daily organizational and
    note keeping strategies.
  • Commercial must have credits (dont forget to
    credit music if used)
  • Group must complete edited film by

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