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Articles of Confederation

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Pennsylvania. Most conservative & vocal delegate. Leading anti-slavery voice ... Pennsylvania. Superintendent of Finance. 3rd or 4th most important delegate ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Articles of Confederation


1
Articles of Confederation Constitutional
Convention
  • Schaumburg High School

2
Articles of Confederation
  • First American Govt (1777) (1781)
  • Written by 2nd Continental Congress John
    Dickinson (PA)
  • Battle between Radicals Reconciliationists
  • Problems
  • Unable to collect taxes
  • Unable to regulate trade
  • No Executive to enforce laws
  • No Judiciary to interpret laws
  • Consensus needed to amend the Articles

3
Articles of Confederation
  • The AOC reflected the prevailing political
    philosophy
  • Nationalists emerge pushing for a change!
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Jon Morris
  • It could not handle Americas challenges
  • Shays Rebellion

4
Federalists
  • Supporters of a new, more highly centralized
    government
  • Supported national organization/local liberties
  • Alexander Hamilton

5
Antifederalists
  • Supporters of a loose organization of states
    under the Articles of Confederation
  • Feared another anarchy
  • Thomas Jefferson

6
Constitutional Convention
  • 5/25/1787- 9/17/1787
  • A meeting of nationalists to revise or overthrow
    the AOC to make national government stronger
  • 74 men elected
  • 55 men attended
  • 16 attendees did not sign it
  • 39 served in Cont Congress
  • 21 fought in Amer. Rev.
  • 8 signed the Decl of Indep.

7
A Bundle of Compromises
  • Big States versus Small States (Most important)
  • Representation in both houses of Congress?
  • How to elect the president?
  • Taxation? Proportional or equal?
  • North versus South
  • Slavery
  • Tariffs
  • Nationalists versus States Rights
  • Rural versus Urban

8
Main Issue Liberty vs Order
  • How much power do you give the government to
    maintain order yet not hinder or control liberty?
  • Amend AOC or overthrow it?
  • Great Compromise Proportional rep. in House
    equality in Senate
  • Main reason small states ratified the
    Constitution
  • Slaves counted as 3/5 of a person for taxes
    representation
  • North got its Navigation laws passed then

9
John Dickinson
  • Pennsylvania
  • Did not sign Dec. of Indep.
  • Author of AOC
  • Leading champion of small states

10
Alexander Hamilton
  • New York
  • Responsible for calling convention
  • Author of Federalist Papers
  • Washington aid in Amer. Rev.
  • 1st Sec. of Treasury
  • Killed by Aaron Burr in a duel

11
George Washington
  • Virginia
  • Brought legitimacy to the convention
  • Worried about his reputation by attending
    illegal convention
  • Winner of Amer. Rev.
  • 1st President of the United States of America

12
Gouverneur Morris
  • Pennsylvania
  • Most conservative vocal delegate
  • Leading anti-slavery voice
  • Constitution was his words

13
Robert Morris
  • Pennsylvania
  • Superintendent of Finance
  • 3rd or 4th most important delegate
  • Spoke rarely but influentially
  • Financed the war

14
Benjamin Franklin
  • Pennsylvania
  • Oldest delegate at 87
  • Added legitimacy
  • Slept throughout most of the convention
  • Suffering from the gout

15
James Madison
  • Virginia
  • Wrote the Constitution
  • Author of Federalist Papers
  • Father of Bill of Rights
  • Checks Balances
  • 4th Pres. Of the USA

16
Other Issues
  • The power of the Executive Branch
  • Citizenships, Immigration, admission of new
    states
  • Federalists vs Antifederalists
  • State ratifications-All states had conventions to
    ratify the Constitution
  • 1st to ratify Delaware
  • Last to ratify NC RI Why?
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