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Oregon Climate Change Regulatory Activities and Policy Initiatives

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Oregon Climate Change Regulatory Activities and Policy Initiatives ... 1997, as part of HB 3283, the Oregon legislature gave the Energy Facility Siting ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Oregon Climate Change Regulatory Activities and Policy Initiatives


1
Oregon Climate Change Regulatory Activities and
Policy Initiatives
University of Oregon School of Law Climate Change
Symposium October 19, 2007
Bill Drumheller -- Oregon Department of Energy
2
The Challenge
3
Oregon First State to Regulate Carbon Dioxide
  • In 1997, as part of HB 3283, the Oregon
    legislature gave the Energy Facility Siting
    Council the authority to set carbon dioxide
    emissions standards for new energy facilities.
  • For base load gas plants and non-base load
    plants, the standard sets the net emissions rate
    at 0.675 lb. CO2 per kilowatt-hour. For
    non-generating facilities, the rate is 0.504 lb.
    CO2 per horsepower-hour.
  • An energy facility siting applicant has two
    alternatives for meeting the CO2 standard through
    offset projects
  • 1) it may implement projects directly or through
    a third party or,
  • 2) it may instead use the monetary path and pay
    the Climate Trust 1.27 per short ton to offset
    emissions for the applicant.

4
West Coast Governors Global Warming Initiative
  • In September of 2003 the Governors of Oregon,
    Washington, and California agreed to work
    together on climate change policies.
  • In November of 2004 the Governors approved 36
    recommendations in five areas that were jointly
    developed by the three states.
  • This regional work led to the next set of
    regulatory actions by the State of Oregon.

5
Resulting Regulations
  • Clean Cars Oregon adopts Californias
    greenhouse gas tailpipe emission standards in
    June 2006. When the rules take full effect in
    model year 2016 new vehicles will emit 30 percent
    less greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Appliance Efficiency Standards Oregon (in line
    with a multi-state effort) now regulates many
    appliance product categories for which the
    federal government has no efficiency standard.
    (2005 and 2007 legislation)

6
HB 3543 Legislation
  • Oregon greenhouse gas emission goals put into
    state law in the 2007 session.
  • Arrest growth of emissions by 2010.
  • 10 percent below 1990 levels by 2020.
  • 75 percent below 1990 levels by 2050.
  • Also created the Global Warming Commission and
    the Oregon Climate Change Research Institute.
  • Focuses on mitigation and adaptation.

7
Secondary Impacts of Additional Regulation
  • Climate change impacts were a key concern in 2007
    session for energy legislation not solely focused
    on climate change.
  • Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) has trigger
    clause in which smaller utilities not subject to
    RPS lose that exemption if they buy into or help
    build new coal energy plants.
  • Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) wont count
    biodiesel made from palm oil due to deforestation
    issues in tropical rainforests.

8
Mandatory Reporting
  • Next phase of regulatory activity around climate
    change and greenhouse gases.
  • The Governor asked the Environmental Quality
    Commission (EQC) in July of 2007 to consider a
    rule mandating the reporting of greenhouse gas
    emissions from sources.
  • Oregon DEQ is just beginning the public process
    of developing that rule for eventual
    consideration by the Oregon EQC.

9
Additional Climate Change Initiatives
  • Climate Change Integration Group
  • Carbon Allocation Task Force
  • State Agency Greenhouse Gas Inventory
  • Western Climate Initiative
  • The Climate Registry
  • Western Public Utility Commissions' Joint Action
    Framework On Climate Change

10
Carbon Allocation Task Force (CATF)
  • Devised a load-based cap-and-trade system for
    greenhouse gas emissions in Oregon.
  • Load based is key like California, it would
    capture CO2 from electricity imports.
  • Concluded that a load-based carbon allowance
    standard for Oregon is feasible, and the group
    outlined such a program.
  • Presented their median proposal to the Governor
    in January of 2007. Drafted as HB 3545 in 2007
    session, but did not go to vote.

11
Western Public Utility Commissions Joint Action
Framework On Climate Change
  • Review best practices for energy efficiency and
    pursue joint opportunities to identify and secure
    cost-effective conservation. Develop policies to
    recognize energy efficiency as an energy
    resource.
  • Review best practices for demand response and
    develop joint activities to increase beneficial
    demand response capability.
  • Explore ways to remove barriers to the
    development of advanced, low-carbon technologies
    for fossil fuel-powered generation capable of
    capturing and sequestering carbon dioxide
    emissions.
  • Explore the development and implementation of
    greenhouse gas emissions standards for new
    long-term power supplies.
  • Examine opportunities to further support and
    implement renewable energy development to serve
    the West Coast states, including policies to
    encourage the development of transmission.
  • Commit to outreach with neighboring states.

12
The Climate Registry
  • Allows entities to report their greenhouse gas
    (ghg) emissions to common platform.
  • Common protocols for quantification of ghg
    emissions.
  • A ton is a ton.
  • Will be basis for OR mandatory reporting.

Plus all of Canada and Sonora, Mexico
Oregon participates on protocols committee, and
both the protocols and software technical working
groups.
13
More Information
  • Oregon Climate Change Portal
  • http//www.oregon.gov/ENERGY/GBLWRM/Portal.shtml
  • Western Climate Initiative http//www.westernclima
    teinitiative.org
  • The Climate Registry
  • http//www.theclimateregistry.org
  • Bill Drumheller, Oregon Department of Energy
  • (503) 378-4035 or Bill.Drumheller_at_state.or.us
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