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What Africa has to Learn from India, or is it Viceversa

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What role for local politics administration, politicians and civil society ... Organisational environment complex politics ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What Africa has to Learn from India, or is it Viceversa


1
What Africa has to Learn from India, or is it
Vice-versa?
  • Richard Palmer-Jones
  • School of Development Studies,University of East
    Anglia,South Asian Development, Spring 2007

2
Comparisons across continents
  • India and China
  • Famines, poverty and growth
  • Sex ratios
  • Female empowerment
  • India and Africa
  • South Asian pessimism and Sub-Saharan African
    optimism
  • South Asian success and Sub-Saharan nightmares
  • Malnutrition in SSA less than in South Asia
  • Learning from Asia - Agricultural growth and
    semi-arid regions
  • Famine and public action
  • Entitlement approach to famine and poverty
  • employment guarantees
  • What role for local politics administration,
    politicians and civil society
  • Maharashtra, West Bengal, Rajasthan ???
  • Agricultural growth, green revolutions, initial
    conditions and public action
  • state support, infrastructure and agricultural
    research
  • Irrigation
  • agro-ecological conditions, Green Revolution,
    poverty and well-being
  • Public action and economic growth

3
Entitlement approach to famines
  • Food Availability Decline (FAD) or Entitlement
    failures?
  • Entitlements and Capabilities
  • Extended entitlements
  • Famines
  • Natural disasters
  • Malevolent states
  • Conflict
  • Unusual and hidden famines
  • Sanctions and Iraq
  • Complex (political) emergencies
  • Natural triggers and political culpabilities
  • Regional, national, global
  • Rise of the international global humanitarianism

4
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9
EGS in Maharashtra, West Bengal and elsewhere
  • Political and administrative contexts of MEGS
  • Development Innovartion and Political Support
  • Rational processes - technical organisations
  • Conflictual processes - elite capture
  • Organisational environment complex politics
  • EGS provide incentives to organise to access
    resources
  • Decline over time
  • Political shifts and bureaucratic undermining
  • West Bengal local participation
  • Panchayats
  • Lack technical expertise
  • Small scale projects with limited productivity
    impact (jurisdictional boundaries)
  • Local middle peasant capture
  • Kerala?
  • NREGA can it repeat MEGS/NREA?

10
EGS in India
  • What made it politically possible?
  • How did politics determine outcomes
  • success
  • Trajectory origins, rise and decline
  • Bureaucratic and political feasibilities
  • Changing bureaucratic, economic and political
    circumstances
  • Was WB NREP better?
  • Panchayats in command but limitations
  • Assessing well-being in West Bengal
  • What prospects for NREGA?

11
Comparing Well-being in Sub-Saharan Africa
South Asia
  • How to assess Well-being?
  • Under-nutrition
  • Food Balances
  • Anthropometric Measures
  • Populations and sex ratios
  • Does SSA have the political and administrative
    characteristics for public action?
  • Does South Asia need growth or public action over
    famine and or chronic poverty/under nutrition?
  • Agricultural growth, agro-ecological conditions
    and poverty reduction

12
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15
South Asian Green Revolution
  • State driven
  • Development of food commodity chains
  • Market mediated
  • Markets for farm inputs and outputs
  • Output price support
  • State credit
  • Small farmer oriented
  • not large mechanised farms
  • Geo-political context
  • national food security

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17
Sex ratio lt 15 yrs
Blue - more females, red more males, white
intermediate
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