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Lobbying Behavior


Large institutions that don't fit in the other categories universities, stock ... of campaign contributions to obtain their desired response from a legislator ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lobbying Behavior

Lobbying Behavior
  • Session 27

Lobbying Friends and Foes in Washington
  • The Choice
  • Pressure Group Transaction
  • Service Bureau Pluralist
  • Why Lobbying Allies Makes Sense
  • Committee bias
  • Friendly agencies
  • Sponsors are necessary
  • Stages influence strategy
  • Committee friends
  • Floor friends and foes

  • Who Lobbies?
  • Business
  • Trade associations
  • Professional associations
  • Unions
  • Governmental groups
  • Non-profit sector
  • Large institutions that dont fit in the other
    categories universities, stock exchanges,
    nonprofit hospitals

  • Lobbying Activities
  • Size of staff 75 have more than two
  • Frequency of lobbying effort and interaction with
    officials 60 interact daily with officials
  • Who is Lobbied?
  • Friends
  • Enemies
  • Undecideds (thats the ticket)
  • Similar behavior across issues and interests

  • Institutional Allies
  • Supportive institutions
  • Adversarial agencies
  • Lobbying by Proxy
  • Organized interests in Washington rely heavily on
    allies within government as they work to make a
    difference in policy decisions but cooperative
    and conflictual lobbying strategies are used in
    tandem on the majority of issues

Interest Groups and Congress
  • Example Enron, Arthur Anderson, WorldCom,
    Global Crossing, Xerox and their fate
  • This example is not easily explained by the
    Pluralist or Transactions Perspective

What Explains Influence?
  • Stages of the legislative process each stage
    offers special opportunities and special
    challenges for interest organizations
  • The tools available for influence how to
    interest groups choose among the tools that are
    available to them?

Stages of Legislation
  • Beyond Floor Votes . . .
  • Introducing Legislation
  • Finding an advocate
  • Drafting the legislation

Stages of Legislation
  • In Committee
  • Committees establish the content of legislation
  • Finding a champion in committee
  • Time and effort may be more important than votes

  • In Committee (continued)
  • Influence at the committee stage is more
  • Influence is exercised indirectly though
    communication with fellow members
  • Interest groups are more likely to likely to
    lobby a member if
  • they are friends rather than foes or undecided
  • if they have a strong presence in the members

Stages of Legislation
  • Floor Votes and Voting Decisions
  • Floor deliberations and the Rules Committee
  • The Voting Decision
  • Constituency
  • The supply price of policy what an interest
    group must pay in the form of campaign
    contributions to obtain their desired response
    from a legislator
  • The price is cheaper when the policy is
    acceptable to constituents
  • If the implications are unclear or ambiguous or
    constituents preferences are divided the supply
    price will be less

  • Voting Decisions (continued)
  • Party
  • Members own preferences
  • The presidents position on the issue
  • Other members and legislative staff
  • The state delegation
  • Conference Committee
  • Avoiding or Obtaining a Signature or a Veto
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