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Environmental Health in Colorado

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2006 and 2007 assessments of lakes and rivers for 'fishable' and 'swimmable' waters ... 15 fish consumption advisories for mercury on lakes, more proposed ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental Health in Colorado


1
Environmental Health in Colorado
Colorado Directors of Environmental Health
  • Presentation to Senate and House Agriculture and
    Natural Resource Committees
  • April 30, 2008
  • Jeff Zayach, MS
  • Vice President, Colorado Directors of
    Environmental Health

2
Improved health owes less to advances in medical
science than to changes in the external
environment, and to a favorable trend in the
standard of living...medicine is in danger of
neglecting what has hitherto proved its most
powerful resource the manipulation of the
external environment.
Grundy and Macintosh from Man Adapting, Rene
Dubos Winner of the 1969 Pulitzer Prize for
general non-fiction.
3
Environmental Health Protection Defined
  • Environmental health protection refers to
    protection against environmental factors that
    may
  • Adversely impact human health
  • Adversely impact ecological balances essential to
    long-term human health and environment

National EnvironmentalHealth Association, April
1996
4
Examples of Environmental Health Services
Provided at the Local Level
  • Retail food safety inspection, licensing and
    training
  • Body art inspection, licensing and training
  • Water quality
  • Issuing septic system permits
  • Monitoring, testing and investigation of Plague,
    Tularemia, Rabies, West Nile Virus, and
    Hantavirus
  • Air quality monitoring, inspection, and education
  • Emergency preparedness

5
Expanded Environmental Health Services at the
Local Level
  • Developing climate change policies and strategies
  • Asthma
  • Indoor air quality investigations, testing, and
    education
  • Occupational health
  • Meth lab investigation and clean up
  • Integrating Land Use and EH
  • planning for a built environment
  • Transportation planning
  • Pollution prevention

6
Expanded Environmental Health Services at the
Local Level
  • Confined animal feeding operations
  • Water quality
  • Ground, surface, and storm water
  • Hazardous waste inspections
  • Landfills and solid waste cleanups
  • Well monitoring
  • Lead investigation and education
  • HAZMAT response
  • Policy and regulation advocacy at the state and
    national level

7
Environmental Health as it Relates to the Oil
Gas Boom in Colorado
  • Colorado has roughly 25,700 active wells
  • An additional 40,000 wells are plugged and
    abandoned
  • Wells are widely distributed around the state
  • Two thirds (2/3) of Colorado Counties (42 of 63)
    have wells located in them
  • Thirty (30) of Colorado Counties (19 of 63) have
    at least two hundred wells
  • Weld County has the most wells at over 10,000
    (40)
  • Rio Blanco County and La Plata County each have
    over 2000 wells (10 each)

8
Oil Gas Wells in Colorado
9
Environmental and Public Health Affects of Oil
and Gas Wells
Air Quality Impacts
10
Fugitive Dust
11
Drilling Operations Create Many Emissions
12
Burning Condensate Off Reserve Pit
13
Flaring During Well Completion
14
Evaporation Ponds
15
Heavy Diesel Emissions From Fracing
Operations
16
Water Quality Impacts
17
Massive Pipeline Projects
18
Massive Well Pads
19
Spills
20
Proximity to Main Drainages
21
Drainages Used for Crop Irrigation
22
Contaminated Soils
23
Sewer Lines
24
Emergency Preparedness
25
Oil and Gas WellsOther Associated Impacts
  • Increased truck traffic
  • Increased railroad activity
  • Development of new gravel pits
  • Occupational health and safety issues
  • Communicable disease issues
  • Substance abuse issues
  • Citizens expect local government to protect them
  • Local resource impacts

26
Water Quality in Colorado
  • These are just a few of the many water quality
    challenges we face in Colorado
  • 2006 and 2007 assessments of lakes and rivers for
    fishable and swimmable waters
  • 230,000 miles of rivers assessed
  • 313,000 lake acres assessed
  • Rivers
  • 12,800 miles are impaired and will require
    development of Total Maximum Daily Loads
  • Lakes
  • 43,400 acres are impaired and will require
    development of Total Maximum Daily Loads

27
Water Quality in Colorado
  • The total list of impaired water bodies statewide
    includes 160 water bodies affected by
    approximately 250 individual pollutants
  • 15 fish consumption advisories for mercury on
    lakes, more proposed
  • Primary sources of contaminants are selenium and
    mercury
  • resource extraction is the most common source
    when a source has been identified for selenium
  • mercury deposition is a global issue
  • Local impacts
  • Boulder and South Boulder Creek, Fountain Creek,
    South Platte
  • protection of public health
  • need for local involvement

28
(No Transcript)
29
Lead Concerns in Colorado
  • Public Health Affects
  • lower levels cause adverse effects on the central
    nervous system and kidneys
  • blood lead levels as low as 10 µg/dL, which do
    not cause immediate affects can cause
  • distinctive long-term symptoms associated with
    decreased intelligence and impaired behavioral
    development, decreased stature or growth,
    decreased hearing acuity, and decreased ability
    to maintain a steady posture
  • long-term impacts at the population level can be
    significant
  • Lead recalls
  • local impact

30
Lead Concerns in Colorado
  • 1995 Denver lead study
  • 16.2 of 174 screened had levels above 10 ug/dL
  • Denver percentage before the study was 3.2
  • highlight the problem of lead poisoning in the
    city and the need to provide resources for
    environmental investigation and intervention
  • Minorities and low income are disproportionately
    affected
  • Need at the local level
  • expanded/targeted testing
  • more follow up on blood levels at 10 ug/dL and
    above
  • more focused education
  • local ability for follow up is limited

31
Environmental Public Health in Colorado    
Solid White These counties are served by nursing
services with no local environmental health
services provided except for permitting
individual sewage disposal systems.
 
32
Environmental Health Service Providers at the
County Level
  • Water/Wastewater Treatment Plants
  • Soil Conservation Districts
  • Watershed Groups
  • Transit Authorities
  • Housing Authorities
  • Extension Agents
  • State and Federal Government
  • Citizens
  • Colorado School of Public Health
  • Environmental Health Specialists
  • Public Health Nurses
  • Public Works Employees
  • Building Inspectors
  • Land Use Planners
  • HazMat Teams
  • Fire Departments
  • Local Emergency Planning Commissions

33
Colorado School of Public Health
  • University of Colorado Denver, Colorado State
    University, and the University of Northern
    Colorado
  • Only Accredited School of Public Health in the
    Rocky Mountain Region (2010)
  • Degree programs
  • Masters of Public Health
  • Masters of Science
  • Doctorate Program
  • Residency program
  • Certificate program
  • Distance learning

34
Colorado School of Public Health
  • Masters in Public Health
  • Applied Biostatistics Program (UCD)
  • Community Behavioral Health Program (UCD)
  • Community Health Education Program (UNC)
  • Environmental Occupational Health Program (UCD)
  • Epidemiology Program (UCD)
  • Health Systems, Management Policy Program (UCD)
  • Generalist Program (UCD)
  • Generalist Program (CSU)

35
Colorado School of Public HealthCenter for
Public Health Practice
  • Internships and practicum required for CSPH
    students
  • Hub of public health training for the workforce
  • short courses, certificate programs, etc.
  • responsive to workforce needs, including training
    to meet the core competencies for public health
    professionals
  • topical training in disaster management and
    emergency response, epidemiology, statistics,
    emerging infectious diseases, among others
  • Provide educational and training opportunities
    needed by state and local health departments as
    well as community based public health
    organizations
  • Links to public health practice in Colorado
    communities
  • Website http//www.coloradosph.org/

36
Environmental Health Challenges
  • Encourage evaluation of the current level of
    environmental health services in each of your
    counties
  • Encourage environmental public health leadership
    in our communities
  • Work with public health leaders to develop
    enhanced public health systems statewide

37
RESOURCESExamples of Environmental Health
Service in Colorado Communities
  • Aspen New recycling ordinance
  • www.aspenpitkin.com/depts/44/waste_ordinance.cfm
  • Boulder Septic Smart Initiative
  • www.SepticSmart.org
  • Denver Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Reduction
    Plan
  • Eagle Frost Creek Water Quality Monitoring and
    Mitigation Plan
  • Garfield - Air Quality Technical Work Group

38
RESOURCESExamples of Environmental Health
Service in Colorado Communities
  • Larimer Retail Food program on the web
  • www.larimer.org/health/food/index.asp
  • Northeast Northeast Asthma Coalition
  • San Juan Basin HD Durango Silverton Narrow Gauge
    Rail Road Coal Smoke Task Force
  • Summit Food Safety Wall of Fame
  • Tri-County Rocky Mountain Arsenal Collaborative
  • http//www.tchd.org/arsenal.html
  • Weld STAR Program

39
Colorado Directors of Environmental Health
  • Resource list of phone numbers, addresses and
  • e-mails
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